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REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS. 403 but rather requires, if possible, to every thing that has a real and be stated in a manner that shall be sitive existence, which every thing clear of such consequences, as it that he hath created has : but that certainly is in itself. That sin can he is not the author, the efficient in no instance exist without God's cause, or the origin of sin ; which permission, and that it is neverthe, is not one of his works, but, ab. less the object of his abhorrence, stractly considered, a mere privaand that which he will finally pu. tion of what ought to be. nish, are facts clearly revealed, and In ascribing its permission to God, require to be firmly . believed, he disowns the ideas of “ tolerance, whether we can perceive their con- connivance, or indulgence,” consistency to our satisfaction, or not. fining it to that of ot hindering it by

In endeavouring to reconcile these a sovereign act of preventing power. facts, various things have been ad- More particularly, he endeavours vanced. Some have observed, that to prove, ist, That the sole and whatever concern the Creator has proper origin of win is from the nein the being of moral cvil, it does cessary condition and circumstances not in the least destroy the accuunt- of created and finite existence, ableness of creatures; seeing they when destitute of a sovereign préact as freely as if no such concern vention : 2d, That God's not inexisted: and truly, every man's tertering to prevent the occurrence conscience bears him witness that, of sin, was an exercise not of sovefor whatever he does voluntarily, reignty, but of pure justice ; that he is accountable. Others have is, that, in withholding his preobserved, that though God willeth venting power, he withheld nothing the permission of evil, yet it is not which man could claim at his as evil, but for wise and holy ends; hands. and tho' he may be said to harden After attempting to make good mens' hearts (as by judgments and these positions, and to answer a few mercies, and even by the gospel objections, the author proceeds to itself, which, through their de pra- his third head of discourse; and vity, makes them worse instead of shevis, by a variety of evidence, better) yet the fault of the whole how the glory of the divine perfetis in themselves; and to this also , tions is displayed in the permission every man's conscience bears wit- of sin, in a manner which it could ness.

not have been in any other way. Our author endeavours to vindi. It is much easier to object on cate the divine character in the such a subject than to advance any permission, not only of the partie thing that shall be uncbjectionable. cular sins of fallen creatures, but The author himself is aware of this, of sin itself. He proposes, First, and endeavours to obviate what we; To enquire into the True Nature of or any others night be disposed to

Sin ; Secondly, In what Sense it is allege. (Note I, p. 73.) We shall an Object of the Divine Permission; only offer a remark or two on his and, lastly, To shew that hereby distinctions. Occasion is furnished for the most With regard to there being no. illustrious Displays of the Divine thing positive in the nature of sin, Perfections.

though we should be led to quesUnder the first of these enquiries, tion how this could accord, in the he not only denies that sin is a sub- popular acceptation of the word, štantial being, or an essential pro- with its being allowed to include perty of a being ; but that it con- " enmity, rebellion, and malignant tains any thing positive. “ It is," opposition against the ever-blessed he says; "a privation of that per: God;" yet, if the definition of the fection, or moral goodness, which author be granted him, we see noought to be in an accountable thing objectionable in it. creature."

thing positive," he says, is either Under she second, availing him that which constitutes the real exself of the above distinctions, he istence of any being, or it is a part maintains that God is the author of of the completeness .or perfection

i Every

of being. All positive existence stood by the things that are made;"> must therefore, of necessity, be an so that even the Heathen, who are object of the creating and sustain. destitute of revelation, are let: ing power of God, the former of without excuse, if they glority him all things, and by whom all things not as God. It must there fore be a consist.” (p. 6.) - Sin is certainly commend.ible work,even tora Chrisnot the creature of God; but the tian Philosopher, to point out those fault of the creature.

various marks of intelligence in the We do not perceive the propriety creation, which demonstrate the of saying, that“ God's not inter. Being and perfections of Deity; fering to prevent the occurrence of and which may become subservient sin, was an exercise, not of sove- to the pleasures of devout medita. reignty, but of pure justice.(p. 22.) tion. This has been done by several This language conveys to us the pious writers; particularly' by Ray idea than justice required it, or that and Derham: but there was still it would have been unjust for God room for a work, in which more so to have interfered: but this, modern discoveries might be insert. surely, is not true; nor does it ap- ed ; and which might be inore di. pear to be the author's meaning. rectly calculated to meet the objec. He seems to have meant no more tions of sceptics. This task hai than that it was consistent with jus: been accomplished by Dr. Paley, rice ; or that no injustice was done with great ability and success: his to the creature by it, inasmuch as plan is comprehensive, his style nothing was withheld to which he' perspicuous, and his reasoning conhad any • claim." But the same clusive: and it is no small recome may be said of God's not electing, mendation of the work, that it is not redeeming, or not calling a sin. divested of those technical and ner;, yet it does not follow that learned terms which so much puz. these are exercises of pure justice zle ordinary readers. The author to the exclusion of sovereignty: presents to us, in a variety of inthat which justice requires, is not stances, and in a very pleasing and an act of sovereignty; but that familiar manner, the evident proots which is only consistent with jus- of design, contrivance, and foretice may be so.

sight which appear in the creatures Whether the author, or any other around us, and in our own bodies writer, hus fully accounted for the particularly; and he continually introduction of morib evil; leads us from these marks of desigo whether it is to be accounted for in designing Author, while he the present state, or not, we cor- successively combats the injuricus dially agree in his general princi. objections of ancient and modern ples, viz. That God is holy;---that Atheists, against this fair conciu. every creature is derived from him, sion. “ Upon the whole,” saith anzi cependant on him; that the the writer, “after all the struggles ultinate design of all his works is of a reluctant philosophy, the ne. the manifestation of his own glory; cessary resort is to a Deity. The - that the fault of sin will be marks of design are too strong in found to be in the sinner ;'- and be got over. Design' must have that the highest wisdom of a de. had a designer; that designer must pendant and mutable creature, is to have been a person; that person is fall into the hands of God.


In the close of the work, the au

thor treats of “The Goodness of Natural Theology; or, Evidences of God; which he argues from two the Elistence and Attributes of the considerations. The first is, That Duity, collected from the appearances in a vast plurality of instances, iu of Nature.

By William Paley, which contrivance is perceived, the D. D.

design of the contrivance is bene. “The invisible things of Gol, ficial; and the second is, That the even his eternal power and God- Deity has superadded pleasure to Bread are clearly seen, being under animal sensations, beyond what is




495 necessary for any other purpose ; The Seaman's Spiritual Direc.. alis is instanced in the act of eating, tory; sheruing evhai he ought to think and might also be equally proved and do. With Forms of Prayers suited from the other senses; for the pur- 10 their several Circumstances and pose of hearing might be answered various Occasions, A New Edition, without harmony; of smell, with- 1 2 mo, price is. out fragrance; of vision, without beauty: but in all these cases, a

This little piece records many studious benevolence is manifest on

singular and extraordinary escapes the part of the Creatur. The

from shipwreck; and cannot fail to whole work concludes with some,

lead the inind up to him whose proobservations on the important bene, behalf of his afiticted and distressed

vidence so often interposes on the fits and comforts arising from the habitual consideration of the being creatures. It is an excellent com. and attributes of God; and of the panion for those who are employed facilities which the belief of the on the mighty waters. – The Direc. truths of natural theology affords, for tory contains suitable advice to Sea. the reception and confirmation of

men how to behave in imminent our faith in Revelation.

danger; as also the consideration This good use, we trust, will be

which ought to occupy their minds made of this excellent work; yet after remarkable deliverances. The we are not without our fear, that

work concludes with Forms of some readers will sit down 'satis. Prayer for Seamen when they begin Sied with natural theology, and their Voyage, when in Danger by a dangerously conclude, that no other Storm, and when taken Prisoners; religion is necessary to their eters and also Forms of Thanksgiving nal salvation. Indeed, the author after a safe Voyage, Deliverance is unwilling to allow any native from Storms and from Captivity, malignity in the human constitu- We cheerfully recommend it to tion, and says, that even the bad all engaged in maritime concerns. qualities of mankind have an origin in their good ones; that the present is “not a state of punishment;' that a slave who, amidst his wrongs, re.

Letters to Mr. Fuller on the Univertains his benevolence, is amongst

sal Restoration ; with a Statement the foremost of human candidates

of Fructs attending that Controversy ;

and somie Strictures on Scrutator's for the rewards of virtue. These sentiments are certainly not consiste

Review. By Win. Vidler. 8vo. ent with that revelation which the In the Preface to these Letters, author professes to believe; nor with the creed of that church of call in question the propriety of our

Mr. Vidler l'as thought proper to which he is a minister. -We should conduct as Editors of the Evangehave rejoiced to find this able writer lical Magazine. We do not mean taking occasion in several parts of

to controvert this point with him; his work, and especially in the con

nor shall we disturb his self-comclusion of it, to show that the placency on the manner in which he Christian scheme of redemption, by conducts his own. the Son of God, is abundantly con. firmed by those doctrines of natural selves, we refer our readers to a re.

With respect to the Letters them.' theology, which he had so admira. view of them, already before the bly displayed.

public, under the signature of Scrur Tutor; and which we have noticed

in a former Number. The ability God's Wonders in the Great Deep; of Mr. Vidler, on the high ground

recorded in several wonderful und of classical literature and critical amazing Accounts of Sa:lors, who sagacity, which he has assumed, have met with unexpected Deliver are there fully, and, we think, anies from Death, when in the justly appreciated. Nor do we greatest Danger. To which is added, conceive that Mr. Vidler's triende


will feel themselves gratified by the Preface which introduces, and the

LITERARY NOTICES. Notes which accompany, these Let. The Seamens' Preacher: 2 Se. ters. He evidently writes like a ries of Discourses on the Pro; he man who is lowered in his own Jonali. By the late Rev. J.Ryther, esteem, though he labours hard recommended to the Use of Seato conceal it, by casting a number men, by the Rev. Mr. Nelvton, of strong, and, perhaps, not very and several other Ministers. These justifiable reflections on Mr. Fuller will be published in a few Days, in and Scrutator. Mr.Vidler informs One Small Volume, 'uniformi with us, that Scrutator himself is not ac. the Village Sermons. curate in his Greek quotations; we Also in a few Days will be pub. were, however, not a little sur- lished, Fugitive Pieces, chiefly inprized, on turning to Scrutator's tended for Schools and Young Per. Errata, to find the instances' Mr.

By W. B. Collyer, ot Peck, Vidler'adduces of inaccuracy, cor- hani. rected by Scrutator himself. This is, perhaps, the first time that an

New Editions of the following esteemed author's own corrections of typo

Works are in ihe Press, and will soon graphical errors were adduced as

be published: proofs of his ignorance.

The Harmony of the Gospels. Those who wiin to see the con By the late Rev. Dr. James Mac. troversy fully handled, are referred knight, Edinburgh. Two Vols. to “ Mr. Fuller's Letters," and to 8vo. « Scrutator's Review," Mr.Vid. The Four Gospels, translated Jer intimates, that Scrutator is a from the Greek, with Preliminary clergyman in the Established Dissertations and Notes, Critical Church: we have also heard the and Explanatory; together with work ascribed to the Rev.C. Jerram, the, Author's Corrections and author of a late popular discourse, Amendments made on a Copy of “ To your Tenis, o Britons + !" the Work previous to his Death. but are not authorized to speak By George Campbell, D.D. Three with certainty.

Vols. 8vo,

+ See our last Review, p. 449.

SELECT LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Life of Col. James Gardiner. By Britain Admonished. By J. Dr. Doddridge. A New Small Bowden. 2d. Pocket Edition, neat, 25. 6d. bds. The Reign of Grace, from its

The Rev.Mathew Henry's Bible. Rise to its Consummation. By the Printed on Fine Paper, with a New Rev. A. Booth. Seventh Edition, Tyre, Royal 4to, Vol. 1..195. bds. on Fine Paper, 12mo, 3s. boards.

Memoirs of the Life and Writ. Spring Day, or Contemplations ings of the late W. Cowper, Esq.; on several Occurrences which naincluding his Christian Experience, turally strike the Eye in that de. and a Review of his Works. Fools. lightful Season. By James Fisher cap Svo, 45. ; 12m0, 35.

(a Blind Man) Bookseller in AnMemoirs of Mrs. Grace Bennett, 8vo, 6s, boards. relict of the Rev. J. Bennett, of Sermons, by J. B. Massillon, Chinley; with some Account of Bishop of Clermont. Translated his Ministry and Death; also some by W. Dickson. Third Edition, Extracts from Mrs. Bennett's Diary. Three Vols. 12m0, 125. boards. By their Son, W. Bennett.

25. 6.

A Treatise on the Faith and InHint to England, or a Prophetic Auence of the Gospel. By the late Mirror.' By L. Mayer. is. Rev. Archibald Hall, of Well

The Believer's Justification. Ex. Street, 3ś. 6d. 12 mo, boards. tracted from the Sermons of Oba. Dr. Dodaridge's Evidences of diah Grew, D. D. late Minister of Christianity brieħy stated. Pocket the Gospel

, Coventry. 12mo, 4d. Edition, with Portrait, 1s. 3d. bds


( 497 )


MISSIONARY SOCIETY. LETTERS have just been received from OTAHEITE, dated October 1, 1803,

The Missionaries were in general in good health and safety. The Letters refer, for regular information, to the Journals, which have not yet come to Hand. Extracts from the Letters, and we hope from the

Journals, may be expected in our next Number. The Letters subjoined, from the Continent, will highly gratify those who

feel interested in the cause of Christ and the Gospel.

NEW SOUTH WALES. do not know at present, I shall not

be unmindful of those, to whom Letter from Governor King to

every aid is consoling in their se. the Rev. Dr. Flatecis.

cluded state : not that I conceive Rev. Sir, Sydney, May, 1803.

the constant intercourse of Euro. Your kind letters, of Aug. 9

peans any way facilitates their la.

bours. and 20, 1802, as well as Mr. Eyre's,

However, of all this I must be of Aug. 7, I received by the Glat.

sure yourself and the Society will ton. Any acknowledgments from

Le able to be better judges by the the Society are quite unnecessary,

Missionaries own accounts. as what good offices I have been

Should it be in my power to be able to render the Missionaries at

of service to them, and to second Otaheite, I consider as a duty im. obligation has been reciprocal, by readiness in what I consider a duty, posed on me; and, perhaps, the your pious intentions, I shall em

brace every opportunity to shew my the use they have been to the Pur

as well as take a sincere interest. poise and other ships that went there. With this I send the last With every wish for your health, packet received from thence by the

I remain, dear Sir, return of the Porpoise : she was not your most obedient Servant so successful on this as on her for.

and faithful wellwisher, mer voyage; and, what is worse,

Philip GIDLEY KING. my fiqe little colonial vessel was P.S. Mr. Harris, formerly a Misstranded there. The Venus sailed sionary at Otaheire, and lately at in February last, and means to visit Norfolk Island, is now most usea Otaheite." I wrote to Mr. Jeffer fully employed in conducting a son, and informed him of what school on the banks of the HawkesEnglish news we possessed at that bury, where he also performs di. time.

vine service; and, I believe, is as Mr. Marsden has received the happy as he makes himself useful. packages consigned to him by the Cato ; and, I think, will haye an 'opportunity of sending them by Capt. Bunker, of the Albion, who, Extract, translated from the we are told, means to go thither Periodical Accounts of the for provisions. As the Porpoise Rotterdam Missionary Sowill necessarily be sent to England, it is in so bad a state, I cannot

ciety, respecting the Mission foresee any opportunity I shall have

in Africa. of a direct communication with BROTHER Kicherer having Otaheite for some time to come; removed to the Zak River, the but should any such offer, which I brethren Kramer and Anderson left

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