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who had been unable to forget Sharp's prayerlessness in his last moments, and the unsuspecting man lifted up his hands in surprise, and exclaimed, "Oh! dreadful, he would not pray one word for all that could be said to him." This was enough for his enemies. An indictment was drawn up, and he was tried July 18. The jury brought him in guilty of the Archbishop's death. And he was sentenced to be taken to the Cross of Edinburgh upon Friday, July 20, and to have both his hands cut off at the foot of the gallows, and then hanged, his head to be cut off, and fixed at Cupar, and his body to be carried to Magus Muir, and hung up in chains.

At the close of his testimony an account is given of the cruel manner in which this sentence was carried out to the letter.

His body was not allowed to hang in chains many months. Some of his friends took it down. They seem to have been discovered, as the Records of the Council, May 27, 1684, contain a sentence of banishment on them as owning the Archbishop's "horrid murder."

Guilline was the only one concerned in the death of Sharp who suffered on its account, for Hackstoun was taken at Airsmoss. All the others escaped.

Fountainhall's notice of him is: "Andrew Gullan, weaver in Balmerino, who was at Archbishop Sharpe's murder, being taken at Cockpen, was execute the 13th July 1683; died hardened and insensible."

The first edition gives only the month, but not the day of his execution. It is left blank. We have supplied it from the record of his sentence given by Wodrow. Fountainhall, as he sometimes is in minor details, is clearly wrong in the date.-ED.]


HE LAST SPEECH AND TESTIMONY of ANDREW GUILLINE, Weaver, who lived in the Shire of Fife, and suffered at the Gallowlee, Edinburgh, July [20] 1683.

"MY DEAR FRIENDS,-Being here to die for my dearest Lord's precious truths, I thought fit to leave this with you as my last advice. Seek to do good to all in your day. Let your moderation be known unto all men. Study to be employing [yourselves for] your God, for there

is sudden wrath pronounced from heaven against all that have been doing, or continue in doing evil; for He has said, 'Pour out Thy fury upon the heathen that know Thee not, and upon the families that call not on Thy name' (Jer. x. 25). We had need to know what we shall answer, when we shall come before Him, with whom we have to do; for He is a holy God, and a consuming fire to the workers of iniquity. Wherefore, dear friends, study holiness in all manner of conversation. Make it your earnest care to have your conversation as becomes the Gospel; and then He will be forthcoming unto you.

"My friends, I leave you with the Lord, who hath promised to be the God of His people. He is given of the Father to be a leader and commander to His people, and He will lead them. And I entreat every particular person never to be at rest till they give away themselves personally in covenant to God, and promise through His grace to be for Him, and not for another. I leave you to Him who leads Joseph like a flock. If ye would have Him speaking peace to you in your life, and in your end, cleave to the Son of God, and His truths. And remember, if speedy repentance do not prevent, you will utterly ruin your immortal souls Now, my dear friends, ye that are desiring singly to stand for God, hold on your way, and wait for the Lord, and quit not a hoof of the truth. He will be an up-making God to you, and He has promised to be a present help to you in the time of your need.

"There is a great confluence come here at this time; I wish with all my heart they would get good by their coming. I am come here to lay down my life. I declare I die not as a murderer, or as an evil doer; although this covenant-breaking, perjured, murdering generation lay it to my charge as though I were a murderer, on account of the justice that was executed on that Judas [i.e., Archbishop Sharp] that sold the Kirk of Scotland for 50,000 merks a-year. And we being bound to extirpate Popery and Prelacy, and that to the utmost of our power, and we having no other that were appearing for God at that day, but such as took away his life; therefore, I was bound to join with them in defending the true religion. And all the land, every man, was bound in covenant, when he had sold the Church-they were bound, I say, to meet him by the way, when he came down from London, and have put him presently to the edge of the sword for that heinous indignity done to the holy Son of God.


But it is (alas !) too apparent that men have never known God

rightly, nor considered that He is a holy God. Oh! terrible backsliding, they will not believe that God will call them to an account for what they owed to God. But assure yourselves; as He is in heaven, He will call every one to an account, how they have stood to that Covenant and work of Reformation. I need say no more; but I would have you consider, that in breaking the Covenant, we have trampled under foot the precious truths of Jesus Christ.

"Now, being straitened of time, I must leave off writing. Wherefore, farewell holy Scriptures, wherewith my soul hath been many a day refreshed. Farewell sweet societies with whom I have been, whose company was only refreshful to me. Farewell my mother, brethren, sisters, and all other relations. Farewell all earthly pleasures. Farewell sun, moon, and stars. Welcome spirits of just men made perfect. Welcome angels. Welcome Father, Son, and Holy Ghost-into whose hands I commit my spirit!

"Sic subscribitur,


HE inhuman treatment this martyr met with ought not to be forgot, as a pregnant instance of the hellish rage and fury of these persecutors, and of the Lord's rich grace, who wonderfully countenanced and strengthened him to endure the tortures inflicted upon him with an undaunted braveness of spirit. For, besides the tortures he suffered in prison, they ordered both his hands to be cut off, while he was alive. And it was observed by on-lookers, that though by reason the executioner was drunk, he received nine strokes in cutting them off, yet he bore it with invincible patience. And after the right hand was cut off, he held out the stump in view of the multitude, saying

"As my blessed Lord sealed my salvation with His blood, so I am honoured this day to seal His truths with my blood."

Afterwards, being strangled a little, his head was cut off, and it, with the hands, placed upon the Netherbow Port of Edinburgh; and his entrails being taken out, his body was conveyed to Magus Muir, and there hung up in chains on a high pole.

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OHN COCHRAN was a shoemaker in Lesmahagow. was brought before the Council, November 26, 1683, and examined. On the 28th he was tried before the Justiciary Court on the charge of treason and being at Bothwell. No proof was brought against him, except his own answers, when under examination, which the Records of the Justiciary Court give very much as he states them himself in his testimony. He was found guilty, and sentenced to be executed at the Cross, on Friday, November 30, 1683.

As stated in the note of the compilers, John Cochran was tried and suffered at the same time with John Whitelaw and Arthur Bruce.

John Whitelaw belonged to New Monkland in Lanarkshire. At his trial his confession was read to him, a confession doubtless framed in the same way as that of John Cochran from his answers when examined before the Council. It is


'John Whitelaw declares he thinks Bothwell Bridge lawful, that rising being in defence of the Gospel. He thinks himself and these three nations bound by the Covenants. That it is above his reach to tell whether the king be lawful king or not. Confesseth he was sometime with the rebels at Bothwell, but not at the battle, and that he had a sword. Refuses to say, 'God save the king,' this not being the proper place for prayer, and if it mean his owning his authority, he has spoken as to that already. Declares he can write, but will not sign what is above. Being interrogate if his judges were lawful judges, and if the Archbishop's death was murder, he answers, these questions are above his reach."

Arthur Bruce belonged to Dalserf, Lanarkshire. His confession was also the only evidence against him :

"Arthur Bruce confesseth he was at Bothwell, and had a sword; that he was with the party that took away one of Dalziel's horses; refuses to say, 'God save the king,' but said, ' God save all the elec

tion of grace; declares he cannot say whether the Archbishop's death was murder or not."

Wodrow testifies of all three that they died in much peace and comfort.-ED.]


HE LAST TESTIMONY of JOHN COCHRAN, who lived in the parish of Lesmahagow, and suffered at the Cross of Edinburgh, upon the 30th of November 1683.

"Being brought before the Lords of Justiciary, they asked, 'Where I went in to the rebels?' I answered, 'I went in to the people of God, whom ye call

so, at Drumclog.'


They asked, 'If I had arms?' I told, 'I had a fork.' "They asked, "If I thought it rebellion?' I said, 'No.'

"And they said, 'What was it then?' I told them, 'It was in defence of the Gospel.'

"They asked, 'If I did own the authority?' I told them, 'As far as it did agree with the word of God.'

"Then they asked, 'If I would pray for 'the king?' I told them 'That prayer should be gone about in decency and order.'

"Then they asked, 'If I would say, "God save the king?"" And I refused.

"Then they said, 'Was I not bound to pray for him?' I told them, 'That I was bound to pray for all that were within the bounds of election '

"Then they said, 'Was the Bishop's death murder?' I told, 'I was no judge.'

"Then they asked, 'If I was at Bothwell?' I told, 'I was.' "They said, 'Was it rebellion?' I said, 'No.'


"Then I was taken back to prison again, and the irons laid on But, blessed be the Lord, that was no discouragement to me; for, when the storm blew hardest, the smiles of my Lord were at the sweetest. It is matter of rejoicing unto me, to think how my Lord hath passed by many a tall cedar, and hath laid His love upon a poor bramble-bush, the like of me. And oh that I could bless the Lord

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