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THAT all kinds of Tradesmen, however
knowing and experienced, are frequently at a Loss, and want information in regard to many things in the course of their business, I believe is a Truth that every one will readily confess. An Endeavour therefore to colle&t together a number of such particulars as every man of business has frequently occafon to enquire after, and to digest them in such a manner as that they may be found with Ease and Expedition, is certainly a very useful Attempt. The great Difficulty of executing such a Work with Accuracy and Correatness will appear to any one who shall take the trouble of looking, into the various and numberless Articles which compose this Book : But the general Usefulness of it made the Proprietors very desirous of surmounting all Difficulties, and willing to go into any Expence that might conduce to bring it to Perfection. For this purpose all the several Inns of the Cities of London, Westininster, and Southwark have been consulted for a corre&t Account of the Carriers and Coaches; the Course of our Trade, our Exports and Imports, are extracted from the best and most authentic Writers ; particular Care bath been taken to acquaint the Trader with the Products and Manufactures of all the Counties and
trading Towns in England and Wales; as also of the Plantations, and of all other Countries with whom we have any Trade or Commerce : Many useful Tables are inserted of various kinds, and corrected by different Hands, in order to bring them to the greatest possible Accuracy, viz. Tables of Interest at several Rates.
Tables Mewing the Value of any Number or Quantity of Goods at any Price: .
Of the Value of Annuities and Reverhons.
Of Expences or Wages and Salaries, by the Day, Week, Month, and Year"; with several others too tedious to mention.
In short, nothing hath been omitted that it was thought would contribute to render such a Work as compleat and perfect'as the Nature of the Thing would admit.
All that remains is to bespeak the Candour of our Readers for any Errors or Mistakes, which, thro' the Multiplicity and Variety of the Articles bere treated of, may probably be found. These, however, we bope, will not be very numerous ; and any
Corrections of them, if sent to the Booksellers, whose Names are in the Title Page, will be thankfully received; and inserted in the future Editions.
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Асс BÁ SH E Ē, a piece of coin iti Perfia, valued at 16 d. sterling.
ABERGAVENNY, Monmouthshire, 120 miles from
London; market on Tuesday. Fairs, May 3, Trinity Tuesday; and September 4. It has a considerable Trade in fannels. Carrier goes from the Bell in Friday-Street on Saturday.
ABINGDON; Berks. Fifty-five miles from London; markets on Mondays and Fridays. Fairs, on the first Monday in Lent; April 25 i June 9; July 25; September 2; Monday beføre Michaelmas, and November 30. Carrier goes from the White Horse, Friday-street, on Friday ; the Oxford Arms, WarwickLane, on Saturday.
ABYDOȘE. long. 27. 30. lat. 40. A town and castle of the Lesser Asia, situated on the south entrance of the Hellespont, now the southern castle of the Dardanels. Here the Streight which divides Asia from Europe is two miles over.
ACADIE, or New Scotland, one of the British colonies in North America, situated between 63 and 70 degrees of west longitude, and between 43 and 51 degrees of north latitude, bounded by the river of St. Lawrence on the north, by the bay of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic ocean on the east; by the bay of Fundi, the feas of Acadie on the south, and by Canada and New England on the west. The chief town Annapolis.
ACAPULCO, west long. 102. lat. 17. 30. A port town of North America, situated in the province of Mexico, on a fine bay of the South Sea, from whence a rich fhip fails annually to Manilla in the Philippine islands, near the coast of China in Afia, and another returns annually from thence to Acapulco, laden with all the treasures of the East Indies. It was one of thefe ships laden with silver, and bound from Acapulco to Ma. nilla, that Mr. Anson took near the Philippine islands.
ACCEPTANCE. Vide Bills of Exchange.
ACCESSORIES. Accessories are of two sorts, viz. before the offence or after the offence. An Accessory before the offence, is one that commandeth, counselleth, or procureth another to commit felony, and is not present himself when it is done ; for if he be present, he is a principal. Accessory after the offence, is one that knowingly receives, aids, afifts, or comforts one that hath committed murder or felony. But a woman is not deemed
CC an Accessory for receiving or aiding her husband who has committed felony; though the husband may be accessory in receiving his wife, and a servant in assisting his master.
Those who shew a liking or affent to another's felonious design, are held fo to abet and encourage him, as to be Accessories. before the fact.
If one rescue a person arrested for felony, he is a principal felon, and not Accessory. Hen. 7. cap. 6.
i If a person robbed, take money or other reward of the robber to favour him, or not to give evidence against such robber, he becometh Accessory to the felony of his own goods ; but this is by others held to be theft-boot, and punishable only by fine and imprisonment.
If one arrest a thief who hath stolen another man's goods, and take the goods from the felon, and then let him go, this makes him Accessory to the felony, if not a principal felon.
Accessories before the fact to petty treason, robbery, or the wilful burning any dwelling house, or any part thereof, or any barn with corn or grain in it, are excluded the benefit of clergy.
Accesories before the fact, to a robbery, or to the felonious taking of goods out of a dwelling house, the owner or other person being therein and put in fear; or the robbing any dwelling house in the day-time, any person being therein, or the breaking any dwelling house, shop, or warehouse thereunto belonging, or therewith used in the day time, and taking away the value of five shillings or upwards, though no person be within the fame, are excluded the benefit of clergy.
Persons buying or receiving stolen goods, knowing the same to be stolen, shall be deemed Accessories to the felony, after the felony committed and punished as such.
It shall be lawful to profecute persons, buying and receiving tolen "goods, knowing the same to be stolen, as for a misdemeanor, and punish them by fine and imprisonment, though the principal felon be not before convicted, which shall exempt fuch Accessory from being punished again, if the principal be afterwards convicted.
If any person shall receive or buy any goods, knowing them to be stolen, or fhall receive, harbour, or conceal any burglars, felons or thieves, knowing them to be so, they fhall be deemed Accessory to the felony, and shall suffer and incur the pains of death as a felon convict. Stat. 5 A. cap. 31.
And if such principal felon cannot be taken, yet it shall be lawful, to prosecute and punish any persons, knowingly buying goods stolen by such principal felon for a misdemeanor, to be punished by fine and imprisonment, or other corporal punishment, as the court Mall direct, which shall exempt fuch offender from being punished as Accessory, if the principal felon be afterwards taken and convicted.
Where any person takes money or reward, directly or indirectly, ander pretence, or upon account of helping any person