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hypotheses advocated also, respecting the Sinai covenant, the dispensation by Moses generally, and the constitution and character of the community of Israel. Some very respectable and learned divines among the Pedobaptists have adopted the idea, that this community was of a mixed character, and have called it a Theocracy. Among the many advocates of this opinion are Lowman, Doddridge, Warburton, Guise, and the late John Erskine. These Divines supposed, that the legation of Moses could be best defended against the cavils of unbelievers, by placing God at the head of the community of Israel, as a civil governor, surrounding himself with the regalia, and managing his subjects with the penalties and largesses, of a temporal sovereign.
The Antipadobaptists have found this hypothesis so convenient a refuge from the attacks of their opposers, as to incorporate it, with great affection, and as a radical principle, into their system of reasoning. They have gone farther, and entirely accommodated the hypothesis to their peculiar notions. They insist, that this community was not, either in fact, or in the original plan of the institution, spiritual, and religious; but civil and carnal; and that, of course, the christian church is specifically different, and an entirely new society.
It is the opinion of the Author of the following Treatise, that this hypothesis has been adopted unwarily; and not only without, but against evidence...
In view of this diversity of sentiment, and the obscurity which seems yet to lie over these subjects, it was his opinion, that a distinct and accurate view, if one could be given, of the Hebrew economy, as established by Jehovah, from its rise in the call of Abraham, and the covenant entered into with him, to its consummation in the Christian Church; deduced, not from the fallible theories of men, but from the Bible itself, was a great desideratum in the science of theology. Such a view he has attempted to furnish. Of his success the public must judge. Though he cannot but entertain the hope that he has succeeded, as to the main principles, he would be adventurous indeed to avow a confidence, that his work is with
out error: Circumstantial errors however, whether they re`spect the matter or the manner, the reader is requested to remember, will not invalidate the truth of the leading principles. If these principles can be shewn to be wrong, the writer will be constrained to confess he has altogether failed of his object.
Refpecting the different meanings of the term Covenant, as it is used in the Scrip-
Refpecting the identity of what are called the Covenant of Redemption, and the
Refpecting the character and relative state of ABRAHAM, prior to GOD's estab-
lishing with him that covenant, which is generally called the Covenant of Cir-
Refpecting the Covenant of Circumcifion. In this chapter an attempt is made
to analyse this covenant; to fhew the nature and extent of its promifes; who
the feed are; in what fenfe they are covenantees; and to prove its perpetu-
Exhibiting a general view of the Community of Ifrael, from the administration
of the Covenant of Circumcifion, to that of the Covenant of Sinai.
Refpecting the Covenants of Sinai and Moab. In this chapter it is enquired in
what refpects the Covenant of Sinai is diftinguishable from the Covenant of
Circumcifion, and the new Covenant predicted by Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and
mentioned by the writer of the Epiftle to the Hebrews, as taking effect under
the Gospel Difpenfation; whether the Covenant of Sinai was the Covenant of
Works; and whether it was defigned to form the Hebrew Community into
a Civil, or to continue them a Religious Society.
Giving a general view of the actual character of the Hebrew Community, from
the introduction of the Sinai Covenant to the advent of the Messjah.
Refpecting the coincidence of Prophecies and Facts in regard to the advent of
the Meffiah to his people the Jews, his treatment of them while converfant
among them, and the conclufions which are to be drawn from this treat-
Refpecting John's miniftry and baptism, and the baptism which was adminis
Refpecting the Lord's Day, the Lord's Supper, and Chriftian Baptifm. In this
Chapter it is attempted to fhew, that these ordinances are to be obferved by
Christian believers, as feals of the fame covenant, of which the Jewish Sab
bath, the Paffover, and Circumcifion were scals.
Refpecting the membership of infants in the Jewish and Chriftian Church, the
application of the feals to them, and the manner in which they are to be treat-
ed by the officers and adult members of the Church.
Refpecting the abrogation of the Sinai Covenant, and the difference between the
difpenfation which preceded, and that which followed the advent of the
Refpecting the converfion of the rejected Jews, their refforation to the land fe-
cured to them in the covenant, and the ingathering of the fulness of the Gen-
tiles, which events are to introduce the millennial glory.
Containing feveral interesting deductions and addresses.
The reader is referred to the Poftcript for several explanations
On a review of this work, feveral typographical errors are difcovered. The greater number are to be found in the forepart of the book. Here alfo the punctuation is most incorrect. So far as the accuracy of the Author feems to be implicated, he has an apology in an indifpofition, of which he was subject while this part of the book was paffing through the prefs.
The errors which the reader is requested to correct are these. In page 21 For Pfalms, in three inftances, read Pfalm.
Sixth line from bottom, for convenant read covenant.
95 Eleventh from bottom, for pachal read pafchal.
150 The top line of first note, for tautologus rend tautologous,
and in the fecond line below, for interpratations read interpretations. 160 Sixth line from bottom, for days read days.
173 Sixteenth from bottom, for fucceffive read fucceffive.
175 In two inftances, for Ifreal read Ifrael.
Here are two omiffions near the bottom, his, and ed, which the reader will supply.