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↑ Jambres, Jannes, supposed to be two of the principal magicians of Egypt, who withstood Moses, when performing miracles in order to induce

Pharaoh to dismiss the Israelites.

Jasper, a precious stone, variegated with divers colours.

Jehovah signifies self-existence and independence. The incommuni cable name of God, which, it is said, the ancient Israelites held so sacred, that they would not pronounce it.

x Magician, a conjurer.

y Mammon, worldly riches.

Manna, a small, white grain, which was miraculously given by God

from heaven to the Israelites in the wilderness.

a Maran-atba, the Lord cometh. Anathema Maranatha, let him be accursed at the coming of the Lord.

Omega, the last letter of the Greek alphabet.

e Onyx, a kind of agate of a whitish black colour; a species of the chalcedony, which see.


Pentecost, the fiftieth. A celebrated feast of the Jews.

Phylacteries, small boxes or rolls of parchments, on which were written ertain words of the law. These the Jews wore on their foreheads, armis, &c.

f Rabbi, master, doctor.

Raca, vain, empty.

3 Ray, a precious stone of a red purple colour, very hard. Sabachibani, thou hast forsaken me; er thou hast sacrificed me. Sabaeth, armies, hosts.

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Ar-e-op'-a-gus Cæs-a-re'-a


Ar-i-ma-the -a


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I Sanhedrim, the senate, or chief council of the Jewish nation. m Sapphire, a precious stone of a beautiful pure blue, second only to the diamond in lustre, hardness and value.

n Sardius or Sardine, a gem of a reddish colour, approaching a white.

o Sardonyx, a precious stone, resembling both the Sardius and Onyx. Sycamore or Sycamine, the Egyptian fig-tree. It partakes the nature of

both the fig-tree and the mulberry-tree.

g Synagogue, a house of public worship among the Jews.

r Tetrarch, a governor of a fourth part.

*This word is now generally, if not uniformly pronounced Al-ex-an'-dri-a.

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AS sacred geography is almost necessary to a distinct and and correct understanding of the Scriptures, it is presumed, that a short geographical outline of the countries, in which our Saviour and his apostles travelled and laboured, together with the following maps, will not be considered useless. This subject is of so great importance, that it claims the serious and diligent attention of every parent and teacher.

Let those, who have the care of youth, spend but a short time daily in requiring their pupils to examine the maps, and to look out the towns in each country, the mountains, rivers, seas, and islands, and in a few days a familiar and ready acquaintance with them will be acquired. This will render Scripture narratives so much more interesting and intelligible, that attention to the subject cannot be too strongly recommended.


THE word world, as used in the New Testament, means, sometimes the whole inhabited world, sometimes the Roman empire, and sometimes only a particular region; as, the Land of Judæa. The words earth and land were frequently used in the same manner.

At the time our Saviour visited the world, the Romans had subjected to their power the central and southern parts of Europe, the central and western parts of Asia, and the northern parts of Africa; and in these portions of the world were comprehended most of the countries which are mentioned in the New Testament.


Principal countries, islands, seas, &c. mentioned in the

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New Testament.



Rome, Appii Forum, Puteoli, Rhegium.

Philippi, Amphipolis, Appollonia, Thessalonica,
Neapolis, Beroa.

Athens, Corinth,



Seas. Adria, the Mediterranean or Cretan, and the Ægean. Islands. Crete; towns, Phoenix, Lasea, Fair Havens; promontory, Salmone. Sicily, Syracuse. Melita. Clauda, Samothrace.





Asia Minor included.



Troas, Assos, Adrimittium, Pergamus.
Thyatira, Smyrna, Sardis, Philadelphia, Eph-


Miletus, Cnidus.

Lycia, Myra, Pataru.

Pamphilia, Perga, Attalia.
Pisidia, Antioch.

Phrygia, Hierapolis, Colossa, Laodicea.

Lycaonia, Iconium, Lystra, Derbe.

Cilicia, Tarsus.

Cappadocia, Pontus, Galatia, Bithynia, Paphlagonia, in which no towns are mentioned.

Syria and Antioch, Selucia,



Damascus, Abila.

Tyre, Sidon, Sarepta.

Palæstine, together with Trachonitis and Ituræa, was successively called the Land of Canaan, the Land of Israel, Judæa, the Land of Promise, the Holy Land, &c. This is the country,

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