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Oxford at an early age. It was, no doubt, here that he acquired his familiarity with Latin, Greek and Hebrew, and accumulated those stores of theological and patriotic learning that he drew from later in life in writing his various works. He was in 1624 one of the church-wardens of Springfield parish in England. Married Anna Andrew, daughter of William Andrew of Twiwell, County Northampton. One of the principal projectors of the settlement of New England. A patentee and assistant named in the charter of the colony of Massachusetts Bay, granted by Charles 1st, March 28th, 1628. Very active in the organization of the Company, and present at all the meetings in London; also at the great meeting at Cambridge Aug. 26, 1629, at which many of the assistants agreed to remove to New England in case the whole government, together with the patent, were legally transferred and established to remain there." Sailed from the Isle of Wight March 29th, 1630, in the fleet of three vessels that carried the charter over. In the same year the founder of Roxbury; in 1636 the founder of Springfield on the Connecticut river, upon the great Indian trail leading from the Narraganset and Pequot country, via the Westfield river, to the Mohawk country above Albany, so that parties of Indians were constantly passing his door in both directions. It was in this way that he became widely known and very influential among the various Indian tribes of the West, as well as those of New England.

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It was to him, and not to the Connecticut people, that the Mohawks sent, as proof of death, the scalp and hands of Sassacus the Pequot sachem who had fled to them for refuge after the destruction of the fort at Mistick. For many years, the name in common use among the Mohawks for the New Englanders, was "Pynchon's men," out of respect for their nearest New England neighbour at the mouth of the Agawam on the Connecticut. River, just as they named the Dutch Corlear's men" out of respect for Antony Von Corlear, the first of the Dutch with whom they were brought into intimate relations. And, so deeply rooted was their esteem for him and his family, more than a hundred years after this, in 1751, the chiefs of the Mohawks requested the Massachusetts Government: "that Brigadier Dwight and the Colonel Pynchon of that day might be improved in future interviews, and as to Colonel Pynchon in particular they urged their acquaintance with his ancestors and their experience of their integrity." Sole magistrate and administrator of Indian affairs for all Massachusetts west of Wachuset mountain. In 1650 the author of the book entitled "The Meritorious Price of our Redemption." In 1652 returned to England. In 1653 bought lands in Wraysbury, County Bucks, near his Bulstrode relations in the adjoining parish of Horton, and directly opposite Magna Charta Island in the Thames, and the field of Runnymede. Died Oct. 29th, 1662, and was buried in Wraysbury church-yard. His gold seal ring with the Pynchon arms engraven upon it is still in existence and the possession of one of his descendants in the line of primogeniture. His only son John Pynchon remained in New England, and from him are descended all who bear the name in America. —T.R. P.] .

RICHARD FRYER, citizen and fruiterer of London, 15 December 1686, proved 26 February 1687. He mentions lands, messuages, tenements and hereditaments in the parish of Staines and in the parish of Raisbury, in County Bucks, which he had lately purchased of John Pinchon, the elder, and John Pinchon, the younger, of New England, gentlemen. His legatees are wife Frances Fryer, son Peter Fryer, daughter Susanna Peake, son-inlaw William Peake, Mary, Johanna and Elizabeth Fryer, daughters of brother Robert Fryer, late of Old Winsor, County Berks, fisherman, deceased and sister Elizabeth Whittle, of Old Winsor, widow. Exton, 14.

LUKE FAWNE citizen and stationer of London, 11 February 1665 and again signed, sealed, published and declared 17 March 1665 (after several interlineations and erasures &c.) proved 29 March 1666. Imprimis I give and bequeath unto my kinswoman Mrs. Elizabeth Clement, living near Boston in New England, eldest daughter of my brother Mr John Fawne, the sum of fifty pounds &c. to be paid into her own hands within four years

after my decease, and to her son Fawne Clement the like sum (at one and twenty). To all the rest of the children which my said kinswoman now hath fifty pounds equally between them to be divided. To my daughter in law Jane Serjant twenty pounds. To my cousin Stephen Serjant, her son, one hundred pounds, at four and twenty, and thirty pounds more to be laid out in putting him forth apprentice. To Jane Serjant, his sister, twenty pounds, in four years. To my kinsman Mr. Samuel Dixon one hundred pounds, in six months, and to his son Samuel Dixon twenty pounds at one and twenty. To my cousin Capt. John Cressett and his wife thirty pounds to buy them mourning. To Edward Cresset the younger fifty pounds and to Elizabeth Cresset fifty pounds and to John Cressett the younger and Joseph Cressett twenty pounds apiece, in two years. To my cousin Valentine Shuckbrowe and Bridget his wife ten pounds and to her three children Jane, Sarah and Anne Youngers threescore pounds, equally to be divided between them in three years. To Valentine Younger forty shillings. To John Younger, Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, fifty pounds in one year. To my loving cousins Mr. Jonathan Mathew and Bridget his wife and their children now living one hundred pounds, equally between them to be divided, in four years. To Benjamin Mathew fifty pounds in four To my servant Brabazon Aylemer ten pounds. Sundry other servants and friends. My cousin Mr. Henry Browne and his wife. Cousin Elizabeth Cressett, daughter of Capt. John Cressett. To my cousin Sarah Browne thirty pounds and to my cousin Samuel Symonds twenty pounds. The residue to my wife Dorothy Fawne, and I make her my said wife and my cousin Capt. John Cresset and my friend M' John Macook of London, stationer, my executors &c.


Mico, 43.

DOROTHY FAWNE of Hackney, Middlesex, widow, 15 September 1666, proved 18 October 1666. My brother Thomas Weaver, the son of Edward Weaver the elder. William, Robert and Thomas Heatley the three sons of my sister Elizabeth Heateley wife of Gabriel Heateley, apothecary, deceased. The Company of Stationers. Mr. Thomas Heatley and his wife. Anthony Dowse, stationer. The residue to John Weaver son of Edmond Weaver the younger whom I make my whole and sole executor. Mico, 141.

[The following extracts from Smith's Obituary (Camden Society Publications) are interesting in connection with the foregoing wills:

1656 April 2 Mrs Fawne wife to Capt. Luke Fawne, bookseller in Paul's church yard, buried.

1665 (6) March 20 Capt. Luke Fawne bookseller at ye Parrott in Paul's church yard died.

From the records of Essex County (Massachusetts) I learned that Robert Clements was married unto Elizabeth Fane the 8th of the 10th mo. 1652.

I also have the following note from the Registry of Deeds of Essex Co. (Mass.) B. 30, L. 38):

Robert Clement Sen' of Haverhill in the Co. of Essex and Elizabeth Clement his wife, which Elizabeth was and is ye daughter of Mr. John Fawne formerly of Haverhill in New England, to our son Fawne Clement of Newbury all and singular ye sum or sumes of money to us or either of us given or bequeathed by will as a legacy to us or either of us and more especially referring to a legacy given by Mr. Luke Fawne formerly of ye city of London, Stationer, or by any other person or persons whatsoever.-5 March 1707 (8).

Wit: James Sanders, Joseph Kingsbury.

The following memorandum also I took from Essex Co. Deeds, B. 37, L. 152:

A memorandum belonging to Fawne Clements; recorded 15th Septem

ber 1720.

Mrs Clements Daughter of Mr John Fawne & Elizabeth Fawne wch Elizabeth Clements was nese to one Luke Fawne a stationer in Paul's Church Yard at ye signe of ye Patriot who Died a little before ye fire & gave Mrs. Clements £300 & Left it in ye hands of one M' John Cresitt in Charter house Yard in London & Mr Edward Clements at y sigue of ye Lamb in Ab Church Lane & M' Edward Henning march in London & Mr Jerrat Marshal in London.

This Intelligence I had of ye Reverend Mr Emmerson minister of Pascataqua-wch he had of the Leiv' Governor Vaughn of Pascataqua. Boston May 7th 1716.

John Camell. Boston September 13th 1720 ye abovesd John Campbell made oath yt by Vertue of ye abovementioned Relation wch he Received from yo Reverend Mr John Emmerson he Printed & advertisement of it in ye News Letter N° 629 May 7th 1716. Samuel Lynde Justice Peace. HENRY F. WATERS.]

JOHN OLDFIELD of London, Esq., 30-1656, proved 3 November 1657. To be buried in Creechurch, in the chancel where my beloved wife Katherine was laid, in the North side of the chancel. To my daughter Elizabeth Cowper my house at Bow &c., and, for her maintenance, the lease of the sugar house in Billiter Lane, London, which is clear forty pounds per annum. To my two grandchildren John and Ann Fleetwood, son and daughter of my daughter Katherine, wife to Col. George Fleetwood, I say to John Fleetwood five hundred pounds, to be paid to his father, now Sir George Fleetwood, upon security &c., and to Ann Fleetwood five hundred pounds, payable (as above). My cousin Elizabeth Ward. Richard Turvile my servant. My kinsman John Short, now with me. The poor of Bowe, where my house is, and of Katherine Creechurch, where I now dwell. Christ Hospital, for their poor children. The poor of Ashborne, where I was born. My brother William Oldfield. My sister Margaret Oldfield, and her grandchildren, daughters of my cousin John Oldfield deceased. My son George Cowper Esq. to be my executor. And I desire my loving friend Richard Turvile and my cousin Simon Smith to be my overseers. And I give to Simon Smith ten pounds and to my cousin Martha Smith his wife ten pounds, to be paid to his own hands within three months after my decease. Ruthen, 452.

[I suppose the above testator to have been the John Owfeilde of Asheborne in the County of Darby referred to in the will of Roger Owfeilde (Reg. 47, p. 289, ante p. 730). See also will of Thomazine J: anson (p. 724). The will of Symon Smith appears on p. 749. Col. George Fleetwood, otherwise called Sir George Fleetwood, was, I suppose, that regicide, one of Cromwell's lords, who is said to have died in America.]

SAMUEL OWFEILD of Gatton, Surrey, 6 December 1636, proved 10 February 1644. To my wife Katherine all my lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever in the Realm of England.

Proved, as above, by Dame Katherine Owfeild, the relict and executrix. Rivers, 46.

[On the margin was written Tm Samuel Owfeild temp'e mortis suae D'ni Samuelis Owfeild militis def.-H. F. W.]

Dame Katherine Owfeild, widow relict and sole executrix of Sir Samuel Owfeild, knight, deceased, her will made 8 February 1643, proved

10 November 1664. Refers to indenture bearing date 16 May 1637. Husband then known as Samuel Owfeild of Gatton, Surrey. Certain real estate in Gatton and other parishes in Surrey and in Thames Street, St. Bennet near Paul's Wharf and also at Paul's Wharf and St. Peter's Hill, London, being late the inheritance of William Smith citizen and mercer of London deceased. William Owfeild, son and heir apparent. Roger Owfeild, second son. John Owfeild, third son &c. The said Sir Samuel is since deceased leaving issue William (Roger and John since deceased) Samuel, James and Edward Owfeild his sons and also seven daughters (that is to say) Sarah (since deceased) Tomasine, Katherine, Anne (since deceased) Margaret, Mary and Elizabeth. Brian Janson referred to. My said sons. My eldest daughter Thomasine Goodwyn. Reference to the wills of Roger Owfeild late of London, merchant, deceased, and of Thomazine Owfeild widow, relict of the said Roger. Bruce, 117.

ANTHONY RADCLIFFE citizen and merchant tailor of London, 11 February 1st Charles, proved 25 June 1628. To my sister Dorothy Gerrard one hundred pounds, to be by her disposed and bestowed at her will and pleasure as she shall think best. To my sister Elizabeth Harvey the like sum of one hundred pounds and to my sister Anne Moulson the like sum of one hundred pounds. To my cousin Anthony Radcliff thirty three pounds six shillings and eight pence. To my cousin Parsons and his wife thirty three pounds six shilling eight pence. And the same to my cousin Elizabeth Radcliffe. Ten pounds each to my cousin Sara Shorter and my cousin Parsons, widow. Five pounds each to my cousin Chapman, my cousin Massam, widow, and my cousin John Pasfield. Bequests to the poor and to hospitals. Five pounds each to my friend Mr. John Moulson and his wife, Mr. Samuel Aldersey and his wife and Mr. Arthur Turnor and his wife. Forty shillings to my old friend and acquaintance Clement Cotton. The poor of St. Christophers parish and of St. Bartholomews by the Exchange. And I do hereby make, ordain and appoint my well beloved brother in law Mr. Alderman Moulson my sole and only executor.

Then follows a Schedule, added 24 September 1627. In it he expresses his desire that his body should be buried in the parish church of Harrow "where the Bodyes of my ffather and Mother and divers of my ffriends lye buried." My late sister Dorothy Gerrard is dead. I will and bequeath the sum of one hundred pounds to Sir Gilbert Gerrard kn', her eldest son, or to his children, if he die before me. If my sister Elizabeth Harvey die before me her bequest to go to her children. My cousin Elizabeth Radcliffe is but weak and sickly of body. My cousin Anthony, her brother, and Parson's wife, her sister.

Proved by Mr. Thomas Moulson the


Archd. of London, B. 7, L. 28.

Mense Maij 1603 vicesimo sexto die emanauit comissio Edwardo Radcliff filio nali et Itimo Anthonij Radcliff nup de Harrow sup montem in Com Midd ar def Hentis etc. ad admistrand bona iura et credita dei def.


[Abstracts of the wills of Sir Thomas Mowlson and Lady Ann Mowlson were given in the REGISTER for January, 1893 (ante pp. 658, 659). The former will was written in 1636, the latter in 1657. These two wills have been the only sources up to date from which the famlly connections of Lady Mowlson could be ascertained. The death of her brother Anthony in 1628 necessarily precluded mention of his name in either of the above-mentioned instruments. Mr. Waters, in furnishing the above abstract of the will of Anthony Radcliffe, has therefore added another

name to the list of relatives which has been gleaned from his contributions to the REGISTER relating to this subject. It will be observed that the testator leaves a bequest to his "sister Aune Moulson," and that he appoints his "well beloved brother in law Mr Alderman Moulson his sole and only executor." Three sisters are mentioned in this will-Dorothy, married to a Gerard, Elizabeth, married to a Harvey, and Ann, Lady Mowlson. The Sir Gilbert Gerard, legatee in Lady Mowlson's will, is the son of Dorothy. Mr. Cary Mildmay otherwise Harvey," mentioned in the same will, probably furnishes the connecting link with Elizabeth. Anthony Radcliffe seems to have taken an interest in the parish of St. Christopher's, for he leaves a bequest to the poor of that parish. His designation of the parish church of Harrow as the spot where the bodies of his father and mother and others of his friends lie buried, fixes with sufficient accuracy the home of the family.-ANDREW MCFARLAND DAVIS.

Lady Mowlson was related by marriage to prominent Puritans and patriots of her day. Her nephew, Sir Gilbert Gerard, married Mary, daughter of Sir Francis Barrington and first cousin of Oliver Cromwell and of John Hampden. Sir William Masham, in whose family two of our New England divines, Roger Williams and John Norton, were chaplains, though at different times, married a sister of the wife of Sir Gilbert Gerard. Lady Joan Barrington, the wife of Sir Francis Barrington, was a daughter of Sir Henry Cromwell, and consequently an aunt of Oliver Cromwell, the Protector. JOHN T. HASSAM.]

SIR JOHN MORGAN of Chillworth, Surrey, knight, 26 March 1621, proved 4 April 1621. To my dear and loving wife all my plate &c. Lands in Shalford and Albury, Surrey, and elsewhere. Wife to be executrix and brother in law Sir Nathaniel Rich, knight, and friends Sir George Stoughton, knight, cousin James Elliott, Mr. George Duncombe of Clifford's Inn to be supervisors. To my daughter the Lady Anne Randall fifty pounds of the hundred and fifty pounds which my son in law Sir Edward Randall oweth me. To my nephew George Theoballs fifty pounds. To my cousin Thomas Anton my lesser bay mare. My friend Mr. Peter Phesant. My servant Robert Willoughby. My friend Mr. Thomas Davies. Proved, as above, by Dame Elizabeth Morgan.

Dale, 32.

DAME ELIZABETH MORGAN, 28 November 1632, proved 22 May 1633. For her burial two hundred pounds; for a tomb for her and Sir John Morgan forty pounds. The silver voyder and the eight silver plates my Lady Wroth to have for life, and then after to Mr John Sutherton. The rest of the plate to him. The jewel in my Lady Wroth's keeping she to have for life and afterwards to my Lady Warwick's daughter, my Lady Mandevill. One hundred pounds to cousin Grimsditch's children, my cousin their mother to have the benefit of it for life and then equally to the four daughters. Ten pounds to Elizabeth Browne (and certain linen). The poor of Lee parish and this parish Wonnersh and Shutfor. Sir Nathaniel Rich to be sole executor. To Nathaniel Browne, her sister's son, she giveth the benefit of two hundred pounds for and towards his maintenance and bringing up until he be of the age of eight and twenty years. This was written by me and it was delivered by my Lady Morgan in the presence of my Lady Wroth and my self, John Machell. Russell, 42.

SIR NATHANIEL RICH, 2 December 1635, acknowledged about 28 October 1636, with a Codicil added 10 November 1636, proved 1 December 1636. I nominate and appoint the Right Hon. the Lord Mandevill sole executor. I would be buried at Standon, Essex, in the parish church there. I would have my executor erect some monument for me, whereever I be buried, the same not exceeding the sum of fifty pounds, or a huu

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