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Hone and Mr. Christopher Pinchon whereby the said debts and portions might be paid. He gave to the Lady Weston a ring or piece of plate of five pound value, to Thomas Casbolt twenty pounds, to Sara Eve five pounds, to the cook five pounds, to John Fletcher ten pounds. He willed John Turneedge to be abated forty shillings yearly of his rent. To each of his other servants he gave forty shillings. To the poor of Writtle five pounds and of Roxwell five pounds. To Mr. South vicar of Writtle five pounds. To Mr. Leventrope ten pounds. To Jeremy Williams ten pounds. To William Pinchon of Springfield a piece of plate of ten pounds. To Mr. Hone five pounds and to Mr. Christopher Pinchon five pounds. he nominated and appointed his son John Pinchon to be his executor. No names of witnesses are registered. The will was proved by John Pinchon the son.

And

Skynner, 50.

[A noble monument was erected to the memory of Sir Edward by his wife Dorothea Weston, the sister of Sir Richard Weston, afterwards Earl of Portland, upon the north side of the chancel of Writtle Church, within the rails, on which are emblazoned the Pynchon arms, quartered with the Empson. This establishes the connection between these two families beyond all doubt.—T.R.P.]

HENRY PINCHION in the Co. of Middlesex gent., 3 May 1630, proved 2 December 1630. To be buried in the parish of St. Andrews Holborn. To the poor five pounds. To Joan Damm daughter of Mr John Damm, a cutler in Holborn, one hundred pounds. To Elen Damm wife of the said John forty pounds because she hath been ever careful of me. To Francis Damm son of the said John twenty pounds because he was ever willing to do my commands. To John Damm son of the said John ten pounds. To Elen Damm daughter of the said John ten pounds. To my brother Mr Christopher Pinchion a ring of gold to the value of five pounds. To my sister Jane Hone wife to Bartholomew Hoane five pounds to be bestowed in a ring or as she shall please. And if any man or woman shall justly demand any debt due to them from me I desire my executor to give any such person twelve pence in full payment of their debt. I give and bequeath to my loving friend Mr. Thomas Ryley, servant to Mr. Meautys, five pounds. And of this my last will and testament I constitute and ordain Mr. John Damm of Holborn aforesaid my true and lawful executor.

Probate was granted as above to John Damm the executor named in the will, letters of administration of the goods of the deceased which had been granted to a certain Christopher Pinchion in the month of May last (as if the deceased had been intestate) having been revoked.

Sentence for the confirmation of the foregoing will was pronounced 2 December 1630 (testator being called of the parish of St. Andrews Holborn) in a case between John Damm the executor &c. on the one part and Christopher Pinchion and Jane Hone, wife of Bartholomew Hone, brother and sister of the deceased, on the other part. Scroope, 111.

Dorothie DAVIES the only daughter of Matthew Davies late Doctor of Divinity and vicar of Writtle in Essex, 13 April 1634, proved 24 October 1634. Mary Davies, widow, my dear and right well beloved mother to be my sole executrix. Lands in Roxwell and Writtle, viz. my farm or tenement called Owsdon's, now in the occupation of Henry Sharpe. My capital messuage called the New House, the lands for the most part in the occupation of Francis Purchase. Edward Bogges the son of my beloved half brother. Christmas day my birthday. I bequeath the reversion of my house and lands called Newhouse, in the possession or occupation of

my mother Mary Davies and the said Francis Purchase, unto Thomas Bogges son of the said Mary Davies my mother and my well beloved half brother. To Sir Thomas Elliott, knight, my uncle, twenty shillings to buy him a ring. To Edward Boosey and Jane his wife, my sister, twenty shillings apiece (for rings). To Edward, Mary and Elizabeth Boosey, son and daughters of my brother Edward Boosey Doctor in Divinity, ten shillings apiece. To Thomas Newburgh and Mary his wife my sister, now in Ireland, twenty shillings apiece (for rings). To their four children, by what name or names they be baptized, ten shillings apiece. To John Elliott gent. my uncle and to Anne Elliott his wife twenty shillings apiece (for rings). To Anne Elliott daughter of my said uncle twenty shillings to buy her a ring. To Mary Elliott the daughter also of my uncle John Elliott (the same). To Edward and Susanna Eliott, children of my said uncle John, ten shillings apiece. Item, I give unto John Pinchone my uncle and unto Hannah his wife twenty shillings apiece in several to be paid to them and either of them to buy them and either of them a ring. To Hannah and Sarah Pinchone daughters of my said uncle John Pinchone twenty shillings apiece (for rings). To my aunt Elizabeth Young widow twenty shillings to buy her a riEg. To John Young her son twenty shillings to buy him a ring. The same to Elizabeth and Edward Young, children of Aunt Young. To my well beloved kinsman John Lukyne my great English bible, Mr. Bilston's books and three silver gilt spoons which my god mother gave me. To Constantine Young, my aunt Young's son, one good book to be delivered to him upon demand. To John Pinchone son of my uncle John Pinchone one good book &c. To my kinswomen Alice Briggett and Jane Lukyne, sisters of my kinsman John Lukyne, one handkerchief apiece presently after my death. To Anne Cragge my white box now standing in the New house and one other box now remaining in the house of my uncle John Eliott in London. To John Collyn the son of James Collyn of Chelmsford, my godson, twenty shillings. I do heartily desire my well beloved brother Edward Boosey of Willingall Spain, Essex, to be overseer &c.

Seager, 87.

MARY PINCHON wife of Christopher Pinchon, citizen and woodmonger of London, and wife and now executrix of the last will and testament of Maximilian Dancy late of London, merchant, deceased, her will made 5 March 1650, proved 26 April 1651. Whereas the said Christopher Pinchon and I the said Mary, his wife, by our Indenture of assignment, under our hands and seals, bearing date 19 January 1649, did grant &c. to John Symonds citizen and cutler of London and Miles Skinner of London merchant one Indenture of Lease. bearing date 30 November 1635, made and granted by and from Richard Russell of Rederith, Surrey, mariner, by the name of Richard Russell of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, mariner, unto the said Maximilian Dancy of certain messuages or tenements, wharves and other premises &c. in Rederith for the term of one hundred four score and nineteen years from the date of the said Indenture at and for the yearly rent of one pepper corn payable as in and by the said Indenture of lease is appointed (the foregoing assignment was for the purposes of a Trust). Myles Skinner the surviving trustee. My daughter Mary Dancy. My son Maximilian Dancy. My friend Mr. Thomas Perryman. Grey, 94.

JOHN PYNCHON of Writtle Esq. 22 March 1650, proved 20 October 1654. Lands held of the Warden and scholars of St. Mary College of Win

My

chester in Oxford, commonly called New College in Oxford. My uncle Sir Thomas Tempest, knight. My cousin John Tempest, his son. wife Anne Pynchon. My lands in Bradwell juxta mare, Essex. My daughters. Their mother my wife. My son if God send me one.

Alchin, 453. [This John Pynchon, who died in 1654, was the son of Sir Edward Pynchon and his wife Dorothy Weston, and the father of Bridget Pynchon, who married William, Baron Petre of Writtle for his second wife. He was buried in the chancel of Writtle Church. Upon the memorial tablet which covers his body are engraved the accompanying arms of the Pynchon family, with the following inscription: "Here lyeth the body of John. Pynchon of Writtle Esq. son of Sir Edward Pynchon of Writtle Kn't, who departed this life the 30th day of July, 1654: and also the body of Edward Pynchon Gent. son of the said John Pynchon Esq. who departed this life the 12th of Feb'ry 1672: and also Ann, wife of the said John Pynchon Esqr who departed this life ye 10th day of May 1675."-T.R.P.]

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WILLIAM PYNCHON, of Wrasbury, alias Wyrardisbury, in the County of Bucks, gentleman, 4 October 1662, proved 8 December 1662, by John Wickens, special executor, under the limitations specified in the said will.

My chief executor is at present absent. To Elizabeth, Mary and Rebecca Smith, daughters of my son Master Henry Smith, and to his son Elisha Smith twenty pounds apiece, to be paid by my son M'. Henry Smith at the time of their marriage, as he did unto Martha Smith, out of a bond which he owes me, of two hundred and twenty pounds; to my daughter Anne Smith the rest of the said bond (of 220) with the overplus of interest. To the children of my daughter Margaret Davis, of Boston in New England, deceased, videlicet unto Thomas, Benjamin and William Davis, ten pounds apiece to be paid by my son Mr. Henry Smith. To my son Master John Pynchon, of Springfield in New England (a sum) out of the bond which he owes me of one hundred and six pounds, dated 15 April 1654. Whereas my son M. Henry Smith hath promise to pay unto me his debts which have been long due to him in New England and a horse of his at Barbadoes, for the satisfaction of an old debt that he owes me, in my Quarto Vellum Book, in page 112, I bequeath them to the children of my son Master Elizur Holioke in New England &c. To the poor of Wraysberie three pounds. Son M. John Pynchon of Springfield in New England to be executor, to whom the residue, provided he pay to Joseph and John Pynchon and to Mary and Hetabell Pynchon twenty pounds apiece. Mr. Wickens, citizen and girdler of London, and Mr. Henry Smith of Wraysbery to be overseers. Friend Mr. John Wickens to be my executor touching the finishing of my administration business concerning the estate of Master Nicholas Ware in Virginia, whose estate is thirty pounds in a bill of Exchange to Capt. Pensax and about eighteen thousand of tobacco, in several bills made over by Mr. Nicholas Ware to Capt. John Ware of Virginia &c. To beloved sister Jane Tesdall of Abington twenty pounds; to sister Susan Platt twenty pounds, as a token of my cordial love; certain clothing to Mary, Elizabeth and Rebecca Smith. Laud, 156.

[The will of Master Henry Smith of Wraysbury, who married Anne, one of the daughters of the foregoing testator and is mentioned in the above will. has already been given in my Genealogical Gleanings (ante, page 723). M

friends in New England can give a better account than I of William Pinchon himself and of his family connections in New England. As to his connections in old England and especially with the Pinchon family of Writtle the wills I have given speak pretty clearly. My friend Dr. Marshall writes me from Heralds' College that in both the Visitations of Essex now in the College (that of 1614 and that of 1634) in which the pedigree of this family is entered it begins with John Pinchon and Jane his wife. So too does the Visitation of London of 1633–34, see Harl. So. Pub.). But the Visitation of Essex of 1612 published by the Harleian Society gives Nicholas Pinchon of London as the father of John. This cannot be true, as any clear headed reader will see who shall carefully examine and compare the wills I have given. Nicholas Pinchon undoubtedly belonged to the Writtle family for he ordered that a priest should sing in the church of Writtle for his soul and the souls of his father and mother &c. for one whole year; and he mentions his "cousin" John Pinchon dwelling in Writtle. For "cousin" the most probable reading, in modern language, is nephew; so the reference may be to that very John Pinchon with whom the pedigree starts in the Visitations now in the College of Arms. John died in 1573, and of his will I have given a large abstract. Let any one read it and compare it with the will of William Pynchyn of Writtle who died in 1552 and he cannot have the least doubt that John was the eldest son and heir of William. The latter calls himself " yeman," while the son, who had risen in the world, calls himself gentleman. William Pinchon, I suspect, was an inn-keeper who owned and occupied the Swan, in which there was a room called the Warden's Chamber, probably because the Warden of New College, Oxford, was in the habit of lodging there when he visited Writtle to look after the landed property of his College in that neighborhood. John Pinchon, the son, I would suggest, acted as bailiff or land steward for the Warden of New College and held the lease of East Hall in Bradwell, the windmill and other properties of the College. William Pinchon named a daughter Dennys Pinchon. John Pinchon referred to his sister Dennis as the wife of George Mansfield. William Pinchon gave to his son Edward certain property called Skyggs and Turnors, with remainder to John. John Pinchon bequeathed Skyggs and Turnors to his son Edward. William Pinchon, after making bequests to two married daughters and their children, bequeathed to Elizabeth Pinchon, the daughter of John and Helen Pinchon, certain lands in Roxwell called Cookes or Cockes. John Pinchon gave his daughter Elizabeth five hundred marks upon condition that she should release her title to Cookes land in Roxwell and to all the profits and rents due since the death of John's father. William Pinchon also gave to the same Elizabeth certain real estate then occupied by John Newton. John Pinchon also required his daughter Elizabeth to surrender to John Newton all the interest which she might claim, by legacy or gift of her grandfather," in certain tenements which John Pinchon had sold to the said John Newton. All this, I claim, abundantly proves my proposition that the John Pinchon who heads the pedigree in the Visitations of Essex in the College of Arms, as well as in the Visitation of London 1633-4, was not the son (a yonnger son at that) of Nicholas Pinchon, but was the eldest son and heir of the William Pinchon of Writtle who died in 1552, and that the nearest relationship which Nicholas Pinchon bore to him could have been that of uncle only.

Another statement which I dispute is that Nicholas Pinchon was of Wales. I find not the least evidence to support this statement. On the contrary the evidence of his will points to Writtle as his early home and that of his parents, and this family name is found in Essex, and in the very next Hundred to Writtle, fully a century earlier. In Morant's Essex (vol. 1, p. 305 &c.) I note that certain lands in the manor of Barrow Hall in Wakering Magna were conveyed in 1407 to John Pyncherne, that in 1426 Robert Warenor and others granted their "maner of Barwe Hall" to Thomas Pynchon and Alice his wife, and that in 1458 Thomas Pynchon, son of the last mentioned, and Elizabeth his wife granted this maner and certain lands and tenements in Prittlewell, Canvey Island &c. to William Lawzell gent. &c. Bradwell juxta mare, where the Pinchon family afterwards held the manor of East Hall by lease from the Warden and Fellows of New College, Oxford, was, again, in the very next Hundred North of the last and North East of the Hundred in which lies Writtle. In my opinion this is the neighborhood where one should look for the earlier generations of our Pinchon family.

Sometime ago I found in the Stowe MSS. at the British Museum (MS. 612, L. 63b) the following pedigree, without dates:

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No dates are given in this pedigree, but from another source I learn that the Richard Everard who married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Stephens gent., died (or was buried) 29 Nov. 1561. It might be worth the while for an expert specialist to follow this matter up. It looks as if the pedigree had been constructed to show the descent of certain property of the Stephen family through

The Stowe MSS. in the British Museum contain, in my judgment, one of the richest and most valuable heraldic and genealogical collections in the Museum. My attention was first called to them nearly ten years ago by Mr. Kensington, one of the well known officials in the MSS. Department. There was no index to them. The only guide to their use was a bound Catalogue such as was made up for the auction sale of these MSS. This as a rule, simply indicated that such and such numbers were genealogical and heraldic, giving but the slightest indications of the real nature of their contents. Only quite recently have the authorities begun to put these collections in order and, as I have understood, with a view to indexing them. The numbers of both books and leaves have been changed. Those given above are the new numbers. According to the old numbering they were MS. 656, L. 56b. Up to the present time the only way to arrive at a knowledge of the contents of these volumes has been to go through them leaf by leaf, as I have done with most of them. I have yet to find the antiquary who knows much about them; on the contrary, I have had the gratification of making known to most of my friends their genealogical value. Among them I found a pedigree of John Rogers the martyr which Col. Chester knew nothing about, and which differs somewhat from the pedigrees already known to that distinguished antiquary. Here also I found an account of the Dummer family which I regret that I could not have come across in Col. Chester's lifetime that I might have called his attention to it. It was a petition of Edmund Dummer of Swathling in the parish of North Stoneham in Southampton, with a pedigree attached, setting forth his claim to a descent from the ancient family of Dommer of Dommer and indicating the line of descent. I made it known to Prof. and Mrs. Salisbury, and take it for granted that it has been noticed in their new volume of Family Memorials, which I understand has been recently published but which I have not yet had the pleasure of examining. I found too an excellent pedigree of the family of Moodie of Garsdon and one of Dunch of Wittenham showing the ancestry of our Lady Deborah Moody and her husband. A grant of arms to Hopefor Bendall of Milend, Middlesex, at once suggests Boston and Bendall's Dock. A pedigree of Fairfax shows the intermarriage of Ann Fairfax with Major Lawrence Washington and afterwards with Col. George Lec. The Arms of Sir Richard Temple of Stow in the Co. of Bucks, K. B. and Bart, would interest some of our Boston friends, as would also a beautiful collection of arms, without pedigrees, probably indicating Temple matches. There is a rough, torn and incomplete Pinckney pedigree. The best pedigree of Jekyll I have found I hope soon to make use of in my account of the family of John Jekyll of Boston, Massachusetts. I have extracted also a large pedigree of Tindall, beginning with Henricus Comes Lutzenburgh (father of Henricus Imperator Germanie) and including the family of Sir John Tindall, one of whose children is thus described, vizt. "Margareta uxor Johis Winthrop ar. qui migrauit in novam Angliam." One of the curiosities in this collection is a roll of very rude and ancient wall paper, showing on the back of it the ancestry of Jesus Christ and of King Josiah. Another curious pedigree is that of the Greek Gods and the Titans. HENRY F. WATERS.

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