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William Bell. To Mr. Edward Pynchon. To Edward Pynchon the son of John Pynchon deceased and to his brother John Pynchon.

The same will was registered again in Langley, 14.

Daughtry, 8.

THOMAS WILSON Esq. one of the Principal Secretaries to our most dread Sovereign Lady Queen Elizabeth and one of her Highness Most Honourable Privy Council, 19 May 23 Eliz: proved 9 July 1582. To be buried in Saint Katherine's church without any charge or pomp at all. My very good and loving friend Sir Francis Walsingham, knight. My brother in law Sir William Wynter, knight. Matthew Smythe Esq. my cousin. My house at Edmonton and my lands there. My lands, tenements &c. in the Co. of Lincoln wherein I have any estate of inheritance. My daughter Mary at marriage or at twenty one years of age. My daughter Lucrece at marriage or twenty one. My son Nicholas Wilson to be sole executor. My overseers (Walsingham, Wynter and Smythe) shall take a straight accompt of my brother Godfrey Wilson touching his dealings in mine affairs at Durham, and finding him to have dealt honestly to give unto him one hundred pounds, or else to give him nothing. Tirwhite, 32.

JANE WILSON of Writtle widow, late the wife of the Right Hon. Thomas Wilson Esq., one of Her Majesty's principal Secretaries, deceased, her will made 10 November 1587, proved 14 February 1587. My body to be buried in the church of Writtle. I give and bequeath to William Pinchon, my eldest son, all my lands and tenements in Writtle, Roxwell, Bradwell near the Sea, or elsewhere in Essex, and all my leases of the parsonages of Writtle and Roxwell and of the manor of East Hall in Bradwell aforesaid, upon condition he pay to John Pinchon my second son, pounds. I give to Edward Pinchon my youngest son my lease which I had and purchased of Ashely, gent., of a messuage &c. in London near unto the Duke of Norfolk's place, sometime, and belonging thereunto (he to make a release of his rights in certain lands). The residue to son William Pinchon whom I make my sole executor.

In a codicil (without date) the testatrix specified certain gifts which had been left blank in her will. To her son John she willed three hundred pounds &c. and she named as overseers the Right Worshipful her loving brother" Mr. Osborne of the Excheker" and her very good friend Mr. Horne dwelling in Gratious Street. Rutland, 11.

RALFE EVERED of Kingsworth, Herts., gent., 15 February 31" Elizabeth, proved 2 June 1589. I give to Elizabeth my wife, all my lands and tenements in Broomefield and Writtle in the Co. of Essex to hold for life, doing no waste, and all my lands and tenements in Benington, Herts., to hold for life &c.

Item, my will and mind is that if it happen any other my lands and tenements in the Co. of Essex or elsewhere to descend and come unto Raphe my son after my decease and after the death of Elizabeth Pynchion my mother or Mary Evered my grandmother, then I will that the said Elizabeth my wife shall also have the said lands and tenements towards the good education and bringing up of my said son Raphe in learning during his minority, if the said Elizabeth my wife do so long live. I give unto Joane Evered and Anne Evered, my sisters, to either of them twenty marks, to be paid within two years after my decease, if they happen at that time to be of the age of eighteen years; if not then at their age of eighteen. To

Mary Evered my sister ten pounds, within one year &c. To Andrew Gray Esq. my master, fifty shillings, to buy or make him a ring. To Elizabeth my mother one pot or piece of plate of the value of five marks which I now have. To my cousin Urias Barker forty shillings (for a ring). To my cousin Anthony Evered forty shillings (for a ring). To my cousin Thomas Wale twenty shillings (for a ring). To Robert Younge five pounds. The residue to Elizabeth my wife and Ralfe my son whom I make executors of this my last will and testament. The said Robert Younge and Urias Barker to be supervisors. Elizabeth Upton a witness. Leicester, 52.

ner.

ROSE PINCHON of Writtle widow, late the wife of William Pinchon Esq. deceased, her will made 20 March 1598, proved 19 April 1599. My body to be buried so near as conveniently may be to the place where my said late husband lieth buried. The poor of Writtle and the poor of PinMy friends Mr. Edward Hunte and Thomas Baker. Pinner in the Co. of Middlesex where I was born. My brother Mr. George Redinge. To my daughter Elizabeth one thousand pounds for and towards her advancement in marriage. To my daughter Jane eight hundred pounds at eighteen or day of marriage. To my son Henry eight hundred pounds at twenty one. To my son William eight hundred pounds at twenty one. To my son Christopher eight hundred pounds at twenty one. My executor shall have the occupation, possession, use and profit of all my leases of the rectories and parsonages of Writtle and Roxwell and my leases of East hall, Garmondes marsh and Shell mershe and my leases of the watermill, windmill and pasture grounds in Writtle and Roxwell granted by the Wardens and Scholars of St. Mary College of Winchester in Oxford until such time as Edward, my son shall accomplish the age of twenty and four years, paying such rents and performing such covenants as are reserved and comprised in the said lease: at twenty four the said Edward to enter upon the said leases and take the profits &c., remainder to Henry my son. I give unto my loving sister in law, the wife of my brother in law, Mr. John Pinchon, three angels to make her one ring to wear in remembrance of me and one black gown. To my loving neighbors Mr. Edward Hunt and his wife three angels to make either of them a ring &c. and to either of them one black mourning gown. My loving friend Thomas Baker. My cousin M'. Thomas Reydinge. My god daughter Johane Whitebread. Certain servants. To every of the children of my brother in law Mr. John Pinchon twenty shillings. To my uncle Mr. Edward Pinchon one black cloak and to his wife one black gown. To my uncle Mr. Henry Pinchon one black cloak. And I do forgive my said uncles all such money as they or either of them do or both owe me. My very loving friend Jerome Weston of Roxwell Esq. to be sole executor. Nevertheless my will, mind and intent is that if Edward my son after that he shall accomplish the age of twenty and one years will take upon him to pay my debts, discharge and pay my legacies which then shall be unpaid and do execute and perform all other things which my said executor is to pay, do and perform by force of this my will &c. &c. that then he shall enter and take the profits of all my said leases and of the lands, tenements and hereditaments in the same devised and have all other my goods &c. to his own use. If my said executor, Jerome Weston, shall refuse to take upon him the execution &c. then I ordain and make my loving brother in law Mr. John Leggat my sole executor. And I do desire my loving brother in law M. John Pinchon to be overseer, and for his pains to be taken do give unto him three pounds aud one mourning gown. The witnesses were John Legatt, Edward Hunt, Edward Pinchon, John Willyams and Henry Glascocke.

Kidd, 27.

SIR JEROME WESTON, knight, of Roxwell, Essex, 28 December 1603, proved 21 November 1604. To my son William Weston one annuity of fifty pounds out of my manor of Barwick Hall in Essex, during his life. To my daughter Winifrede Weston eight hundred pounds at day of marriage or eighteen. To my daughter Margaret Weston eight hundred pounds at day of marriage or eighteen. I forgive my son in law John Williams such debts as he oweth unto me. And for that there are divers “unperfect" reckonings between my son Sir Edward Pincheou and myself, the perfecting whereof might unhappily be a cause of breach of love and concord which I most of all other things desire to preserve between my son Sir Richard and him, I have therefore by this my will declared what course my will is shall be taken herein for the better preservation of peace between them &c. Then follows the appointment of auditors of the account and referees to decide the matter; "their names Henry Glascock, William Loveday and William Courtman, gentlemen. My executors to be Sir Richard Weston my son and Sir Edward Pincheon my son in law. A further devise to Anne Williams, his daughter, wife of John Williams Esq., of an annuity of ten pounds to be paid out of one annuity of twelve score pounds which he received yearly of Sir William Lee of Newman Regis in the Co. of Warwick, during the life of the said Sir William Lec.

Proved by the two joint executors.

Harte, 84.

[Sir Richard Weston mentioned above, afterwards Earl of Portland, of Skreens, Roxwell, married Elizabeth, daughter of William and Rose Pynchon, and a sister of Sir Edward. Arms of Weston and Pynchon impaled at Skreens. -T. R. P.]

JOHN PINCHON of Springfield, Essex, gen. 29 August 8 James, proved 12 September 1610. To the poor of Springfield forty shillings. All my houses, tenements and lands in and near Weeke Street in the parishes of Writtle and Bromefield, now in the tenure &c. of Thomas Eve and John Drane shall be conveyed unto Robert Robinson for such price and upon such conditions and covenants as the said Robert Robinson and myself have lately heretofore agreed upon. Provision in case of the bargain coming to nought. The money accruing to go for the payment of my debts and the advancement of my daughters in marriage and the performance of this my

will.

And I charge my son William Pinchon, upon my blessing, that so soon as he shall come unto his lawful age, or within short time after, that he either join with my executrix in the conveyance thereof or else consent unto the conveyance thereof either unto the said Robert Robinson or unto any other person or persons that will purchase the same of my executrix. Furthermore I will and devise that during the natural life of Frances my wife my two sons William Pinchon and Peter Pinchon shall have, receive and enjoy for their maintenance the yearly rents and profits of all my lands and tenements lying at or near Cookesaull Greene in the parish of Writtle, now in the tenure and occupation of William Crowe, William, my son, to have twenty pounds a year of the rents and profits thereof and Peter fifteen pounds to his own use. And after the decease of the said Frances my wife I give and bequeath all my said lands and tenements at or near Cooksaule Green, both freehold and copyhold, unto my said son Peter Pinchon and to his heirs and assigns forever. I give and bequeath unto the said Frances my wife all my houses, lands and tenements in Springfield during her natural life; and after her decease I give and bequeath them unto my said son William Pinchou and to his heirs forever. My said wife to keep,

maintain and bring up all my six daughters decently in good education. until they and every of them shall have and receive the legacies and portions to them by me given in this my will. And I give and bequeath unto every of my said daughters, viz. Annes Pinchon, Frances Piuchon, Jane Pinchon, Alice Pinchon, Isabell Pinchon and Susanne Pinchon, the sum of two hundred pounds apiece out of and with the moneys which shall be raised upon the sale of my said lands and tenements lying in and near Weeke Street aforesaid and out of all the rest of my goods &c. not devised in this my will. Twenty shillings to Andrew Gilbert my servant. The residue to the said Frances Pinchon, my well beloved wife, whom I name, constitute and make sole executrix of this my last will and testament, requiring her, of all love, to see the same performed and my children decently brought up, as my trust is in her that she will. My friend Humfrey Baldwin of Springfield to be overseer, unto whom, for his pains, I give ten shillings. Hamer, 57 (Consistory Court of London).

[This John Pynchon of Springfield was the father of William Pynchon the founder of Springfield, in New England, upon the Connecticut river, in Massachusetts. He was educated at the University of Oxford. Matriculated at New College Dec. 20th, 1577, and took his B.A. degree April 6th, 1581.-T. R. P.]

Memorandum, that in the month of October Auno Domini 1611 WILLIAM PINCHON late of Writtle in the Co. of Essex gent., being sick in body but of good and perfect mind and memory, did make and declare his testament and last will nuncupative in form following, or in words of the like effect, viz'. my will and desire is that my brother Sir Edward Pynchon shall pay all my debts and bring my body to the earth, and the overplus I give and bestow upon him, for he hath "bin" a kind and loving brother unto me and is best worthy of it.

"Sententia pro valore test. William Pinchion" &c was pronounced 23 May 1612, in a suit between Sir Edward Pynchon, knight, natural and lawful brother of the deceased, on the one part, and Jane Hone als Pynchon and Henry Pynchon, who claimed as administrators of the goods &c. of the said deceased.

Commission issued 20 June 1618 to Edward Pynchon, brother of the deceased, to administer according to the tenor of the will &c.

Fenner, 45.

THOMAS BRETT late of Terling in Essex gent., 15 January 1615, proved 13 November 1616. My body to be buried in the parish church of Bromefield, entering into the church porch where my father was buried. To Mr. John Hankyn thirty pounds during the minority of his three daughters, Bridget, Elizabeth and Johane Hankyn, i. e. ten pounds apiece, to be paid to each at day of marriage or age of twenty one. To John Cunigley and to Sara Cunigeley, the children of John Cunigeley of Polsted, twenty pounds. to be paid to the said John Cunigeley, he to pay ten pounds to his two chil dren, each at day of marriage or age of twenty one. To Matthew Lyther the younger ten pounds. To Giles Crane and to Mary his wife ten pounds. To my cousin John Porter my tenement called Philles, with the land &c. in Little Baddowe, Essex, which said tenement is mortgaged to Mr. Thomas Emerye of the same town. And I would earnestly desire the said Mr. Emerye to release the said mortgage, my cousin John Porter paying him whatsoever is due to him upon the same.

Item, I do give, will and bequeath unto William Pinchon, son unto my sister Frances Pynchon, all that my tenement and lands lying and being in

Bromefield in the County of Essex, to him and to his heirs upon this condition that the said William Pinchon shall pay unto Anne Pinchon his sister twenty marks of lawful money of England, within one year after the said William Pinchon shall quietly enjoy the said tenement and lands. Also I give, will and bequeath unto Peter Pinchon, brother unto the said William, twenty marks and to Frances Pinchon twenty marks and to Jane Pinchon twenty marks and to Alice Pinchon twenty marks and to Isabel Pinchon twenty marks and to Susan Pinchon twenty marks, all to be paid out of the said tenement and lands by the said William Pinchon to his said brother and sisters above written if the said William shall quietly enjoy the said tenement and lands without any trouble or molestation. To William Howson the younger of Chelmsford, Essex, all my lands and tenements, both free and copy, according to the custom of the manor, lying and being in Witham in the Co. of Essex. To Matthew Lyther the elder my gelding aud all my furniture belonging to him, with my best boots. To Elizabeth Mall, late servant with Mr John Hankyn, twenty pounds at day of marriage. To Elizabeth Wylie ten pounds. To the poor of the town of Stoke four pounds. To the poor of Broomefield four pounds, viz. twenty shillings every Christmas day after my decease until the said four pounds be fully paid. To Walter Lyther the son of Mathew Lyther ten pounds, with the yearly use and increase of the same, to be paid when he shall come and attain to the age of one and twenty years. To Alice Ayas the daughter of John Ayas ten pounds, Mathew Lyther the elder or Mathew Lyther the younger shall have the use of the said ten pounds until the said Alice shall intermarry or attain the age of one and twenty years. My mind and will is that Susan Ayas mother unto the said Alice shall have the profit and yearly use and increase of the said money until the time above specified. To Richard Rhodes, the writer hereof, forty shillings. To John Colman, Mathew Lyther's man, forty shillings. I do make and ordain my executors to be my loving cousin Mr John Porter and Mathew Lyther the elder. And all my goods and chattles unbequeathed, my funeral expenses being paid, I give and bequeath unto my cousin John Porter. And I do make Mr John Hankyn, minister of Stoke, supervisor.

John Gollman (sic) and Richard Rhodes witnesses.

Memorandum, I do give and bequeath to Amie my daughter wife of Edmond Chapman Esq., over and above those goods of mine which she and her mother hath carried away, the sum of twenty two shillings in gold, to be paid unto her by my executors, or one of them, within six weeks after my decease, being lawfully demanded. And also I do give to Jane my wife. one other piece of gold of twenty two shillings, with the residue of my goods which she hath already carried away. To the poor of the town of Chelmsford forty shillings which is in the hands of Richard Browne, Bailiff of Chelmsford.

A Sententia pro valore of the above will was pronounced 13 November 1616 in a case between John Porter and Matthew Lyther, the executors named in the will, on the one part; and Anne Brett als Chapman, natural and lawful daughter of the said deceased, on the other part.

Cope, 103.

Nuncupative will of SIR EDWARD PINCHON, knight, of Writtle in Essex, 5 March 1626, proved 8 May 1627. First he said and declared that his debts should be paid out of his College leases; that his daughters should have two thousand pounds; that the leases should be conveyed to Mr.

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