Imágenes de páginas
[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

Remarkable Events. Religious rites.

Profane authors.

cuses of heresy, simony, Peter of Duisburg, an and several enormities. historian. The papal authority de- Albert of Strasburg, an clines. historian. The residence of the popes Balaam of Calabria, removed to Avignon. master of Petrarch. The universities of Avig- Joinville.

non, Perugia, Orleans, Peter de Apono, physiAngers, Florence, Ca- cian and astronomer. hors, Heidelberg, Marsigli of Padua, a Prague, Perpignan, Co- famous lawyer. logne, Pavia, Cracow, John Andre, an eminent Vienna, Orange, Sien- jurist.

na, Erfort, Geneva, Leontius Pilato, one of founded. the restorers of learn

The rise of the great ing.

western schism, which Gentiles de Foligno. destroyed the unity of Ismael Abulfeda, an the Latin church, and Arabian prince. placed at its head two Peter of Ferrara. rival popes.

Arnold of Villa-Nova.

John Wickliff opposes William Grisant, an mathematithe monks, whose licen- English tiousness and ignorance cian.

were scandalous, and re- Homodi of Milan. commends the study of Albergotti of Arezzo. the Holy Scriptures. Philip of Leyden. A warm contest arises Baldus de Ubaldis. among the Franciscans Froissart, a French hisabout the poverty of torian. Christ and his Apostles. Another between the Scotists and Thomists, about the doctrines of their respective chiefs. Pope Clement V. orders the Jubilee which Boniface had appointed to be held in every hundredth year to be celebrated twice within that period. The Knights Templars are seized and imprisoned; the greatest part of them put to death, and their order suppressed. The Golden Bull, containing rules for the election of an emperor of Germany, and a precise account of the dignity and privileges of the electors, is issued by Charles IV. Clement VI. adds the country of Avignon to the papal territories. The emperor Henry VII. dies, and is supposed by some authors to have been poisoned by a consecrated wafer, which he received at the sacrament, from the hands of Bernard Politian, a Dominican monk. This account is denied by authors of good credit. The matter, however, is still undecided. Gunpowder is invented by Schwartz, a monk. The mariner's compass is invented by John Gioia, or as others allege, by Flavio.

The city of Rhodes is taken from the Saracens, in the year 1309, by the Knights Hospitalers, subsequently called the Knights of Malta.

[graphic][graphic][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small]

Remarkable Events. Religious Rites.

Profane Authors.

Timour extends his con

quests in the East.

The Bible is translated into French by the order of Charles V. The festival of the holy lance and nails that pierced Jesus Christ instituted by Clement V. -Such was this pontiff's that once,

arrogance, while he was dining, he ordered Dandolo, the Venetian ambassador, to be chained under the table like a dog. The beginning of the Swiss Cantons. The emperor Louis of Bavaria, Philip the Fair, king of France, Edward III., king of England, who opposed the tyranny of the popes, may be looked upon as wit

nesses to the truth and preparers of the Reformation.

To these we may add Duraud, Gerson, Ólivus, who called the pope Anti-christ, and Wickliff, who rejected transubstantiation, the sacrifice of the mass, the adoration of the host, purgatory, meritorious satisfactions by penance, auricular confession, the celibacy of the clergy, papal excommunications, the worship of images, of the Virgin

and relics.

The order of the Garter! is instituted in England by Edward III.

[blocks in formation]



nople in 1453

and dies in 1481
Bayezid II.

Czars, or Empe-
rors of Russia:
There reigns, in
the chronology of
these princes, an
uncommon de-
gree of confusion,
suitable to the
barbarism of that
nation. In the
year 1732, they
began to publish,
at Petersburg, a
series of their
sovereigns, be-
ginning with
duke Ruric, who
is supposed to
have reigned in
the ninth century.
From that time
downward, all is
darkness and per-
plexity, until we
come to the reign
of John Basilo-
witz I.who, in the
fifteenth century,
shook off the yoke
of the Tartars,
and assumed first
the title of Czar,
after having con-
quered the king-
dom of Casan.
We therefore be-
gin with this.
prince, and shall
follow the chro-
nology observed
by the authors of
the Modern Uni-
versal History,
in their History
of Russia. The
reader may, how-
ever, consult the
Tablettes Chro-
nologiques de
l'Histoire Uni-
verselle of Len-i
glet, who places
this prince in the
16th. century.*
John Basilowitz.


« AnteriorContinuar »