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we shall be oblig'd by your further orders for our Manufactures. We remain very respectfully, Sir, Your most Obedient Servants,



30 April, 1775


THE foregoing is Copy of my last respects, since which I am favoured with yours of the 28th February and 3d March. I know the House of Livingston and Turnbul of Gibraltar, and am upon friendly terms with Davis, Strachan and Co. who are their Correspondents in London, with whom I have conferred fully since your letter came to my hands. They assure me entire dependence may be made upon their honour and that whatever bills they may direct you to draw shall meet punctual discharge, on which I have no doubt you may safely rely. I observe with pleasure the arrival of the Nancy and the Clarissa at Jamaica, and in consequence of your instructions have made £800 additional Insurance on the latter and her freight from thence to London, for cost of £600 being 34 thereof I have debited you £27. I have also made the following Insurances

£700 on the Juno, Bissett, additional on Ship and freight, for cost of £525 being 34 thereof I have debited you £15.15. from R. Island to Jamaica.

£1000 on the Flora, Dean, at and from Rhode Island to Surinam and back, for, premio, etc., on which I debit you £45.5.6.

£1200 on the Ann, Davis, at and from Jamaica to Philadelphia for premio, etc., I debit you £24.7. being for £800, 2% of the £1200, the Accounts of all which you will find enclosed and I hope they will meet your approbation. I sincerely rejoyce at the good Voyage made for her Owners by the last mentioned Vessell and am obliged to you for your assurances of turning some considerable remittances this way from Jamaica, which will be highly acceptable.

My expectations from that quarter the last year were disapointed. The last Letter from Captain Wright is dated Ist September last, but I flatter myself I shall now hear from him very shortly. I am very truly and respectfully, Sir, Your most Humble Servant,




We have before us your favor of the 16th Inst. inclosing a letter for Mr. Buchanan of Baltimore which we have this day forwarded by Post. We rec'd, a little time since, a letter from Mr. Row'd Norris to the same purport as that to Mr. Fowler we suppose, when any further Accounts comes to our hands shall communicate them to you. its a doubt with us if more than 80/ for the Seed can be obtain'd. however this you may depend upon that Mr. Norris will consult the Interest of the concernd in the Sale of it. We have rec'd the Sales of the Flaxseed from Mr. Conyngham, but in our hurry we have omited to transmit you a Copy. if we have time to take a Copy before this Vessel goes shall send it. The proceeds is £1066.2.7d Irish, but we think a small part of the Proceeds was non remitted. The Sale of the Flour Mess. Parr, Bulkeley & Co. have not sent to us which by the by is not very clever. We find Mr. Foxcroft1 had discharged the Post Riders, but we hear he has again sett them agoing. there is Post between this and N. York paid by some private persons, but whether they mean to continue it or not if the other is regular we dont know. we most heartily wish them unnatural disputes were at an end, and Harmony between the two Countrys again restored; but if the Americans should now be base enough (which however at present there seems to be no danger of) to give up their Liberties, they must ever after be content

1 Assistant Postmaster General.

to be ranked amongst Slaves. We remain with respect, Sir, Your Very Humble Servants,

[Endorsed,] Per Cap. Whitman, Q D. C.


Memo. A/C Sales of my 1/3 Peggy Cargo Flour consignd Parr, Bulkeley & Co. has been recd by C. C. by which the difference of profit or loss between that and the Flaxseed to Ireland must be fixed.1

Dear Sir,


Newport, May 31, 1775.

THIS will be handed you by Capt. William Barron of my Ship Peggy, who loaded at Baltimore on Freight for Account of Mr. Archibald Buchanan and Mr. George Mathews Merchants there, consigned to Messrs. Lawton and Brown of Cork.

There to receive orders from Messrs. Wallace Davidson and Johnston, Merchants of London, to proceed either to Bristol, Liverpool or London for a Market. meeting with continued head winds his wood and water proveing short, judged it prudent to put in here for a recruit. whereupon Capt. Wallace having taken possession of her and Cargo, the latter by orders from Admiral Graves, for the use of the Fleet and Army at Boston, and has now sent her round under command of his officer. this being out of my power to prevent have made the necessary Protests which the Capt. has with him. this matter is extremely hard on me and is attended with much expence. Capt. Wallace assures me every farthing of my Freight will be paid me as if landed at her port of destination (and will recommend my


1 April 6, Josiah Hewes reported the following prices at Philadelphia: Jamaica rum, 3/7 to 3/9; Windward, 3/1 to 3/2; New England, 2/2; molasses, 21d. to 22d., scarce; sugars, 42/6 to 50/, plenty; loaf sugar, 13d.; coffee, 8 to 9d.; cocoa, 95/ to 100/; chocolate, 17d.; indigo, 11/, French; fine flour, 19/ to 21/; common flour, 14/9 to 15/3; wheat, 6/3; bread, 13/; beef, 57/6; pork, 62/6; horns, 61; lard, 6d.; cotton 2/2, none. Bills of exchange 57 per cent, no demand.” 2 The original is in the Newport Historical Society.

case to the admiral), as both Ship, Cargo, and Freight are insured, and of course can never have any return of Premium upon either, the Voyage having commenced, and also the owners of the Cargo will be fully paid if taken for the Kings use. but if not required, the Ship will be alowed to proceed on her Voyage, paying me a just Demurrage for her deSention and great expense I am put to in consequence thereof. With that hope the Master continues in her, and have shiped a new sett of hands, the old ones having quitted. I must earnestly ask both your's and Mr. Lyells influence to prevail with the Admiral to let her proceed; but if not alowed, that I have bills given me at the common exchange for the amount of her Freight agreeable to the manifest inclosed, and that my Ship is returned to Newport in safety, unless you can send her to Quebeck under your direction and procure a Freight from thence to Great Britain or Ireland, or up the Streights. but the property of the Ship must be altered by registering her in some Gentlemans name at Quebeck. in fact if I could obtain £1000 Stg. for the Ship in good Bills on London well indorsed, had rather sell her at Quebeck in earnest, and put an end to my concern these precarious times, and judge from the stop of Northern Ships going there this Season as usual vessels will be greatly wanted. therfore, as she is a fine new strong Ship will sell quick at a good price, I must therefore submit the afair to your Direction. if you judge I can neither sell the Ship at Quebeck, for the sum of £1000 Stg., nor can you recommend him to any Gentlemen there that will cover my Ship and procure me a Freight on the best Terms given there, which I think will be 14d per bush. to Lisbon, and in proportion if proceeds farther, then she must return to Newport in ballast and lay her by to rot. Shoud she proceed to Quebeck a Pilot must be furnished. no employ in the Governmental way will do if known, I shoud be made very unhappy here therefore [it] will not do. I apprehend the Justice Government proceeds upon in cases of this kind will intitual me to the highest Freight viz. 5/9 Stg. per Barr. and 14d per bush. for the Grain, bills on

London at common Exchange will do for my Freight, and suppose the Proprietors of the Cargo at Baltimore Town Maryland will accept of them also. And shoud the Cargo be taken for the Crown I coud wish you woud advise them per Post of the same and ask their directions, how to act for them, as neither Capt. Barron nor my self can meddle any farther than to inform them and transmit a Copy of his Protests. I will at the same time mention you to them in a proper way. youll please to note the Cargo is all superfine Flour for the London Market cost 4/ more than common per C. Query whither Government may require such and do Justice to the owners. Barron will wholy walk by your directions shoud the ship be unloaded. I flatter my self the admiral will assist the Capt. in ballasting her as she will oversett otherwise.

I think by the restraining act the Ship may proceed to Quebeck in my name if cleared out before the 1st day of July at Salem, though she must proceed from thence in the name of some Gentlemen of that Province; and, if possible, let her take Freight for the Streights in preference to any other. what expences the Ship may be at please to supply for my a/c. If he shoud want a hand, you may have influence to procure him one, - all which I submit to your Friendship and Direction, and am, Dr Sir, Your most humble Servant,



Barbados, June 9th, 1775.


We are now to acknowledge the receipt of your favours of WE the 20 February 8th and 24th of March, inclosing letters for Captain Robert Champlin, which you may depend shall be delivered to him on his arrival.

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