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20th and 21st December, for which am obliged. The 4 Bills drawn on me in favor of H. & H. are therein inclosed, the first of them which becomes due the 31 March next, shall certainly be discharged, and I hope the same of the others as they become due, but the unhappy alteration in the American Commerce and the stagnation of remittances which it seems probable must take place, in consequence thereof, makes me unwilling to lay myself under positive Engagements. I hope however I shall accomplish the payment of the whole. It is my wish to do so. I shou'd greatly prefer that mode of settling the Account of H. & H. to any other, but in the mean time as it can make no material difference to you whether H. & H. or myself alone are your Creditors, I dare say you'll excuse my keeping this matter in suspence, under the Assurance of my intention of settling it in the manner herein refered to. The two Bills you remit, for £157.17.4 on Thos. Lansdown, £260.12.7 on the Commissioners of the Victualling, are accepted, and when paid, shall be placed to your Credit. The eight Bills amounting to £131.2.10 are agreable to your directions delivered to Capt: Shand, who has paid me the Ballance theron £1.2.10 which is to your Credit, and has given up your Acceptance of £130 regularly discharged. In my Companys Letter I informed you that I had debited you £40.15.6 for £900 Insurance to the West Indies and No. America and Europe on the Flora, Forrester. the reason

for doing it by me, and not the Company was that the Order did not come to hand till after the close of the last Year, For the same reason the Insurance ordered on your Ships bound to Jamaica are done by me, and placed to your debit accordingly, the particulars are as follows

£2200 on the Clarissa, Marsom, and her Cargo, premio, etc., being £115.10.6, this Insurance I have charged the whole to your Account for the present, as you do not mention what share Mr. Rotch holds in her. I suppose he has 1/4 with which his account shall be charged when I am favored with your Answer, together with 1/4 also of the additional Insurance of £100 on her Cargo, for which last

you are at present debited also £3. for the whole Cost. £2500, being 1/2 of £5000 on the Nancy, Tomlinson, and her Cargo, premio, etc., being £145.8.0; £1950, being 3/4 of £2600 on the Juno, Miller, and her Cargo, premio, etc., being £106.6.11. I am, etc.


(copy) Original per Lyde via Salem.


Manchester, 10th March, 1775


HAVING none of your esteem'd favors to answer, the present serves to advise, that in case you incline to favor us with your future orders for our manufactures, we recommend your doing it as soon as possible, that we may have them ready to ship immediately on the trade opening. you will find an advantage in doing this, as you will have better goods and patterns, also have them earlier at market than those people, who put of forwarding their orders till the trade opens, many houses with you found an advantage in this, on the opening of the former Non-importations, they were sensible that it was impossible for us, as manufacturers, to ship goods properly sorted for your market, without having time to prepare them. We have reason to believe that the present unhappy differences between this Country and yours will be settled in a few months. We are with much Esteem, Sir, Your most obedient Servants,


[Endorsed,] Per the Elisabeth via New York.

1 In January, 1775, the firm had been enlarged by taking in as a partner, John Middleton.


Captain Robert Champlin,

Newport, March 21, 1775.

SINCE writing our Orders of the 8th day of this month (wherein we limited the lowest you was to sell for at Barbadoes at £35. Sterling and £36. at the Grenades) we have received a Letter from the Grenades, wherein we have advice of 1600 Slaves sold there in the Months of December and January and 2000 gone to Leeward, the greater part of which to Jamaica. We therefore would have you sell to Went and Son, if you cannot obtain any more for £34. Sterling round, payable in manner as before directed, rather than quit Barbadoes, unless you have a better price promised you from Threlfal & Anderson; if not, then you must proceed to Jamaica to the House of Murray and Wright at Savannah la Mar, as ordered in our said Letter the 8th March. We wish you Success and are Your Friends and Owners,


[Endorsed,] To Captain Robert Champlin, Master of the Sloop Adventure expected from Africa, At Barbadoes.


Dear Sir,

I AM greatly to apoligize for my late Impoliteness at your House, and hope Mrs. Champlin and yourself will excuse it. I should be glad to know the Weight of the Bread return'd as the Steward cannot finish his weekly Accounts without it. the Weight of the Sugar and Price is wanted as our Mess settles every fortnight. Likewise the Weight of the Cheese, Price, and what I am charged in Cheshire, for I have lost that you gave me. I think the Captain's Steward talks the Captain will pay for it himself. We propose victualing next week, when I shall come on shore and talk with you

myself. only some of the Rum must be in Casks of about 30 Gallons, 6 of them will do the rest as we propos'd. this Manoeuvre is a late Whim of the Captains. I have nothing perticular to add but remain, Dear Sir, yours Sincerely,

Wednesday afternoon. [March 30, 1775.]


I find by the Steward the Captain expects to be charged no more than the weight as Cheshire. Brymer supplied so at Boston. you know best what ships have done here before. things are in the same dissagreeable Situation. dont let this be seen.


Dartmouth, April 5th, 1775.


YOUR Favour of the 21st Ultimo lays before me. Mr. Barney is now making provision for the Rigging for the new Ship. He would rather if agreable to you have the number of Coils of Cordage of each size that may be wanted, as all Riggers do not agree in their Judgement. this memorandum, if convenient to you I should be much obliged to you for and you may depend on the exertion of Mr. Barney that you may have the Cordage in season and on his care to conform to the Order.

I call'd on Mr. Greenwood, who was in the Vessell lately arrived from Falkland Islands, he it seems was Master and not Capt. Martindale, as I suppos'd. From the conversation I had with him I think there is a prospect in the Fishery at those Islands well worth attending to, notwithstanding the small quantity of Oil this Vessell brought home, but then it must be pursued quite differently from what it has been. from knowing the Rocks our predecessors have split upon I hope we may avoid them. Capt. Greenwood promis'd me to call on you shortly and I gave him some

encouragement to expect a Vessell, but since I left him I have heard that he is not so temperate as he ought to be. I should therefore think it would not be for our Interest to employ him in the Command of a Vessell, tho' as he is acquainted among the Islands, and is a man of ability, it might, in so large an undertaking as the proposed one, be well worth the while of the concernd to make him such offers as may be for his Interest to accept.

I had a letter by the Post from Capt. Stutely Wyat requesting me to forward the Bill of Lading of the Fatt Butter and Hoops. if I mistake not, it was left with you; if not, it is somehow or other mislaid. I shall make a further search for it, and if found shall forward it. I should be much obliged if you can find the Amount of the Freight, if you will be kind enough to pay it and debit the account of Mr. Rotch for the same. I am quite ashamed to trespass so frequently upon you, but I know you will be good enough to excuse it.

The fifty pounds you was so kind as to lend me I will discount with Mr. William Rotch, if agreable to you, for at present we have not money enough to discharge it. I am, Sir, with my most Respectful Compliments to your Lady, Your much obliged and most obedient Servant,





Manchester, 27th April, 1775.

We rec'd your much esteemd favor of the 24th February inclosing a bill value two hundred pounds Sterling when paid shall come to your credit with thanks.

Your directions respecting your order for goods shall be punctually complied with. we most sincerely wish that the present unhappy disputes between this Country and her Colonies may soon subside and confidence and unanimity restored which will put Trade on the former footing, when

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