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reverence, his heart will feel the reverence which his action implies. His thoughts, instead of wandering to the ends of the earth, will ascend in devout aspirations to Heaven. Contrition, for the offences which he has committed against that Being who has been kind to him as a Father-resolutions to conform his conduct and character more completely to the divine will-longings for that assistance from above, without which, past experience and the word of God inform him that his efforts will be strength spent for nought—and ardent supplications for blessings upon his fellow-men, dictated by a benevolence which comprises in its view the whole human, family, and which looks forward, in its good-will to men, to the enjoyments of eternity, as well as to the comforts and conveniences of time- these will be the emotions which will controul the heart of the man of sincerity; while the affections of the man of form will be grovelling, upon the farm, the money, or the merchandise.

The song of praise, too, from the one who really worships God will not be merely music on the tongue: it will be an expression of warm feeling from the heart. The voice of adoration and praise will arise from a soul which adores and praises; and which, as it lifts up that voice, will be itself elevated by the emotions of gratitude and love while the offer of an external worship will be lost in vacancy during the singing of God's praises, or only interested in the mere music of the song.

And, in the listening to the sermon, the conscientious worshipper will give earnest heed to the things which relate to his everlasting peace. Knowing that he has, in multiplied instances, transgressed a law which God has established, and enforced by dreadful sanctions, he is convinced that it becomes him to attend in earnest to the means of averting the consequences of his guilt. With this view, his mind is fixed in attention to the

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reconciliation with God, and to the duties which devolve upon him who cherishes hopes of immortality; and, all this time, he who is contented with outward conformity is lost in a mental, and perhaps in a bodily, slumber.

Let me urge my readers, then, to be careful how they perform the duties of Public Worship. The responsibility of being interested in them, and profited by them, rests upon you alone. You cannot throw it off upon your Minister. Examine yourself with reference to the spirit and feelings with which these duties are performed. They afford you a fine opportunity for close and faithful self-examination; for the sinister motives, which, in a greater or less degree, undoubtedly exist in your hearts, will shew themselves here.

There is one thing more that I ought to present to the consideration of my readers, before closing the chapter on this subject. It is this:

In keeping the Sabbath, avoid all appearance of evil. -I have endeavoured, in this discussion, to accomplish two objects. First, to convince my readers that the mere form and manner in which the Sabbath is kept, except so far as that it is matter of express command, are not material; and Secondly, to convey to the mind a distinct idea of what I understand to be the spirit of the command; and to persuade all my readers to aim at producing, by the best means within their reach, upon their own hearts and lives, the effect which God had in view in the establishment of the institution. From these views of the subject, were I to stop here, it might seem that, if we take such a course as shall really secure our own religious improvement on the Sabbath, we may do it in any way: for example, that we may walk, or ride, or visit, provided that we so regulate and controul our thoughts and con

versation, as to make the spiritual improvement which it is the object of the day to secure. But, no: we must "avoid the appearance of evil." We must not seem to be breaking, or disregarding, God's commands.

For example:-A Christian, living on the sea-shore, after having spent the day in the various duties which have presented themselves to his attention, stands at the door of his house, and looks out upon the glassy surface of the bay which stretches before him. It is a summer evening. The sun is just setting, throwing his bright beams over the water, and gilding every object upon which it shines. The Christian looks over this scene of beauty; and its expression of calmness and peace is transferred to his own soul. He feels the presence of God in it all; and rejoices in the power and goodness of the Great Being who reigns in every scene of beauty or of grandeur which Nature exhibits.

With his heart filled with such thoughts, he walks down upon the beach, to indulge in the contemplation of God's goodness, to mankind, and to himself. May he not step into the little boat which floats in the cove, and unloosen its chain and push himself off from the shore; that, while the gentle, dying swell of the sea is rocking him, he may lose himself more completely in the absorbing feeling of God's presence, and muse more uninterruptedly upon his Creator's power?-Shall he go?

No; stop, Christian, stop! Before you spend your half hour in a boat upon the water, consider what will be the influence of the example on those who see you, and perhaps cannot understand your motive. Avoid the appearance of evil Will you appear, while you are doing this, to be remembering the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy? Is it best, on the whole, that riding, walking, and sailing, should be among the occupations of holy time? Will

God be honoured, and His Sabbath kept, if all spend the Sabbath evening as you are about to spend it?

These questions must be answered on a principle which will apply to multitudes of other cases. Take a course, which, were it universally imitated, would promote the greatest good: otherwise you may be doing that, which, though safe for yourself, will be of incalculable injury, through the influence of your example upon others.

CHAPTER X.

TRIAL AND DISCIPLINE.

1. Nature of Trial.-The Steam-boat on trial-Efforts of the Engineer-Improvements-Final Results-Her Power-Safe and successful Action.-Life a Time of Trial-Trials of Childhood - The Child and the Forbidden Book-CommandsPain-Advantage of Trial in Childhood-Putting Playthings out of Reach-Conversation with a Mother-Trials not to be shunned--Instruction and Practice -The Merchant's Plan for his Son-A Voyage of Difficulty-its Effects. II. The Uses of Trial.—Self-knowledge-The Deceived Mother-True Submission distinguished from False-The Engineer watchful-Trial a Means of Improvement-The Boy studying Division-The Moral and Arithmetical Question.Practical Directions-God's Providence universal-Losses of every kind from God-The Careless Engineer-Neglect of Duty.-Concluding Remarks.

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THE Bible everywhere conveys the idea, that this life is not our home, but a state of probation, that is, of trial and discipline, which is intended to prepare us for another. In order that all, even the youngest of my readers, may understand what is meant by this, I shall illustrate it by some familiar examples, drawn from the actual business in life.

When a large steam-boat is built with the intention of having her employed upon the waters of a great river, she must be proved, before put to service. Before trial, it is somewhat doubtful whether she will succeed. In the first place, it is not absolutely certain that her machinery will work at all. There may be some flaw in the iron, or an imperfection in some part of the workmanship, which will prevent the motion of her wheels. Or if this be not the case, the power of the machinery may not be sufficient to propel her through the water with such force as to overcome the current; or she may, when brought to encounter the rapids found at some narrow passage in the stream, not be able to force her way against their resistance.

The engineer, therefore, resolves to try her in all these

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