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1604

S. L.

1662 After the Divine Serrice ended, the money

giren at the Offertory shall be disposed of to such pious and charitable uses, as the Minister and Churchuardens shall think fit. Wherein if they disagrer, it shall be disposed of as the Ordinary shall appoint.

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'WHEREAŞ it is ordained in this office for the

Administration of the Lord's Supper, that the Communicants should receive the same kneel

ing ; (which order is well meant, for a signification of our humble and grateful acknowledgment of the benefits of Christs therein given to all worthy Receivers, and for the avoiding of such profanation and disorder in the holy communion, as might "otherwise ensue ) yet, lest the same kneeling should

by any persons, either out of ignorance and infir

mity, or out of malice and obstinacy, be misconstrued, and deprared : It is here declared, That thereby no Adoration is intended, or ought to be done, either unto the Sacramental bread and wine there bodily received, or, unto any Corporal Presence of Christ's natural Flesh and Blood. For the Sacramental bread and wine remain still in their very Vatural Substances, and therefore

may not be adored ; (for that were Idolatry, to be abhorred of all faithful Christians,) and the Natu"ral body and blood of our Sariour Christ are in Heaven, and not here; it being against the truth of Christ's Natural Body to be at one time in more places than one."

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Although no order can be so perfectly de

vised, but it may be of some, either for their ignorance and infirmity, or else of malice and obstinacy, misconstrued, depraved, and interpreted in a wrong part; And yet because brotherly charity willeth, that so much as conveniently may be, offences should be taken away; therefore ue willing to do the sume, Whereas it is ordained in the book of common prayer, in the Administration of the Lord's Supper, that the Communicants lcneeling should receive the holy Communion ; which thing being well meant, for a signification of the humble and grateful acknowledging of the benefits of Christ, given unto the worthy receiver, and to avoid the profanation and disorder, which about the holy communion might else ensue. Lest yet the sume kneeling might be thought or taken otherwise, we do declare that it is not meant thereby, that any adoration is done, or ought to be done, either unto the Sacramental bread or wine there bodily received, or unto any real and essential presence there being of Christ's natural flesh and blood. For as concerning the Sacramental bread and wine, they remain still in their very natural substances, and therefore may not be adored, for that were Idolatry to be abllorred of all faithful Christians. And as concerning the natural body and blood of our Saviour Christ, they are in heaven and not here. For it is against the truth of Christ's true natural body, to be in more places than in one at one time. (1552)

And in such Chapeis unnexed, where the

people hath not been accustomed to pay any holy bread, there they must either make some charitable provision for the bearing of the charges of the Communion, or else for receiving of the same)

resort to their parish Church, For atoiding of all matters and occasion

of dissension, it is meet that the bread prepared for the Communion be made through all this realm ofter one sort and fashion, that is to say, unleavened and round, as it was afore, but without all manner of print, and something more larger and thicker than it was, so that it may be aptly dit'ided in divers pieces ; and every one shall be divided in two pieces at the least, or more, by the discretion of the Minister, and so distri. buted. And men must not think less to be received in part, than in the whole, but in each of them the whole body of

our Saviour Jesus Christ. And forsomuch as the Pastors und Curates

within this realm shall continually find H H

1549 at their costs and charges in their cures, sufficient bread and wine for the holy Communion, (as oft as their Parishioners shall be disposed for their spiritual comfort to receive the same,) it is therefore ordered, that in recompense of such costs and charges the Parishioners of every Parish shall offer erery Sunday, at the time of the Offertory, the just value and price of the holy loaf, (with all such money and other things as were wont to be offered with the same ) to the use of their Pastors and Curates, and that in such order and course, as they were wont to find and pay the

said holy loaf. Also, that the receiving of the Sacrament of the blessed body and blood of Christ may

be most agreeable to the institution thereof, and to the usuge of the primitive Church; In all Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, there shall always some Communicate with the Priest that Ministereth. And that the same may be also observed every where abroad in the country, some one at the leust of that house in every parish, to whom by course, after the ordinance herein mude, it appertaineth to offer

for the charges of the Communion, or some other whom they shall provide to offer for them, shall receive the holy Communion with the Priest : the which may be the better done, for that they know before when their course cometh, and may therefore dispose themselves to the worthy receiving of the Sacrament. And with him or them who doth so offer the charges of the Communion, all other who be then Godly disposed thereunto, shalb likewise receive the Communion. And by this means the Minister, having always some to communicate with him, may accordingly solemnize so high and holy mysteries

1662

1604

S. L.

THE MINISTRATION OF

THE MINISTRATION OF Public Baptism of Infants,

Baptism, to be used in the Church.

to be used in the Church. It appeareth by ancient writers, that the Sacrament of Baptism in the old timewas not commonly ministered but at two times in the year; At Euster and Whitsuntide. At which times it was openly ministered in the presence of all the Congregation : Which custom now being grown out of use (although it cannot for many considerations be well restored again) it is thought good to follow the same as

near as conveniently may be. Wherefore The people are to be admonished, that it i the people are to be admonished, that it

is most convenient that Baptism should not be 'administered but upon Sundays and other holy-days, when the most number of people 2 come together; as well for that the Congregation there present may testify the receiving of them that be newly baptized into the number of Christ's Church ; as also because in the Baptism of Infants, every man present may be put in remembrance of his own profession made to God in his Baptism. For which cause also it is expedient thut Baptism be ministered in the vulgar tongue. Nevertheless, (if in the English tongue. Nevertheless, necessity so require ) children may be (if necessity so require ) children may baptized upon any other day.

at all times be baptized at home. And note, that there shall be for every

male child to be baptized two God. fathers and one Godmother; and for every female one Godfuther, and two Godmothers.

2

ministered (1604) (S. L.] 3 times (1552] [1549]

may come (1604] [S. L.]

1549 with all the suffrages and due order appointed for the same. And the Priest on the week day shall forbear to celebrate the Communion, except he have some that will

communicate with him. Furthermore, every man and women to be bound to hear and be at the divine service,

in the Parish Church where they be resident, and there with devout prayer, or Godly silence and meditation, to occupy themselves; There to pay their duties, to communicate once in the Year at the least, and there to receive and take all other Sacraments and rites in this book appointed. And whosoever willingly, upon no just cause, doth absent themselves, or doth ungodly in the Parish Church occupy them. selves ; upon proof thereof, by the Ecclesiastical laws of the Realm, to be excommunicate, or suffer other punishment, as shall to the Ecclesiustical judge (according

to his discretion ) seem convenient. And although it be read in ancient writers, that the people many years past received at

the priest's hands the Sacrament of the body of Christ in their own hands, and no commandment of Christ to the contrary; Yet forasmuch as they many times conveyed the same secretly away, kept it with them, and diversely abused it to superstition and wickedness ; lest any such thing hereafter should be attempted, and that an uniformity might be used throughout the whole Realm, it is thought convenient the people commonly receire the Sacrament of Christ's body in their mouths, at the Priest's hand.

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THE MINISTRATION OF

OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF Baptism,

Public Baptism, to be used in the Church.

to be used in the Church. It appeareth by ancient writers, that the Sacrament of Baptism in the old time, was

not commonly ministered but at two times in the Year, at Easter and Whitsuntide;
at which 3 time it was openly ministered in the presence of all the Congregation:
which custom ( now being grown out of use,) although it cannot for many considera-
tions be well restored again, yet it is thought good to follow the sume as near as con-
veniently may be. Wherefore the people are to be admonished, that it is most
convenient that Baptism should not be ministered but upon Sundays, and other holy-
days, when the most number of people may come together: as well for that the Con-
gregation there present may testify the receiring of them that be newly baptized into
the number of Christ's Church ; as also because in the Baptism of Infants,
every man present may be put in remembrance of his own pro-
fession made to God in his Baptism. For which cause
also it is expedient that Baptism be ministered

in the English tongue. Nevertheless
(if necessity so require ) 5 chil.
dren may at all times
be baptized at

home.

s children ought at all times to be Baptized, either at the Church or else at home. [1549]

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no.

When there are children to be baptized, when there are Children to be baptized

the Parents shall give knowledge thereof upon the Sunday or holy-day, the parents orer-night, or in the morning before the shall give knowledge overenight, or in beginning of Morning Prayer, to the the morning afore the beginning of Curate. And then the Godfathers and Morning Prayer, to the ! Curate. And Godmothers, and the People, with the then the Godfathers, Godmothers, and Children, must be ready at the Font, people, with the children, must be ready either immediately after the last Lesson at the Font, either immediutely after the at Morning Prayer, or else immediately last Lesson at Morning Prayer, or else after the last Lesson at Erening Prayer, immediately after the last Lesson at as the Curate by his discretion shall Erening Prayer, as the 'Curate by his appoint,

discretion shall appoint. And the Priest coming to the Font, (which And then standing there, the Priest shall

is then to be filled with pure water, ) ask whether the children be baptized, or and standing there, shall say,

If they answer, No; Then shall

the Priest say thus. Hath this Child been already bap

tized, or no? If they answer, No; Then shall the Priest

proceed as followeth. EARLY beloved, forasmuch as all men ? are conceived and born

in sin ; and that our Saviour Christ saith, None can enter into the kingdom of God, except he be regenerate and born anew of water and of the holy Ghost; I beseech you to call upon God the Father, through our Lord Jesus Christ, that of his bounteous mercy he will grant to this Child that thing which by nature he cannot have ; that he may tized with water and the holy Ghost, and received into Christ's holy Church, and be made a lively member of the same,

D

be bap

Then shall the Priest say,

Let us pray.

A

LMIGHTY and everlasting God, who of thy great mercy didst

save Noah and his family in the ark from perishing by water; and also didst safely lead the children of Israel thy people through the red sea, figuring thereby thy holy baptism; 6 and by the baptism of thy wellbeloved Son Jesus Christ, 6 in the river Jordan, didst sanctify water to the mystical washing away of sin ; We beseech thee, for thine infinite mercies, that thou wilt mercifully look upon this child ; 'wash him and sanctify him with the holy Ghost ; that he being delivered from thy wrath, may be received into the ark of Christ's Church ; and being stedfast in faith, joyful through hope, and rooted in charity, may so pass the waves of

| Presbyter or Curate [S. L.]

2 be [1604] [S. L.] 3 these Children [1604] [S. L.] The plural is used throughout this Office, in (1604) and (S. L.) except in the Prayer [We yield thee hearty thanks, &c.] without any difference of type.

+ which (1604) (S. L.] 5 And by the Baptism of thy well-beloved Son Jesus Christ, didst sanctify the

food Jordan, and all other waters, to the mystical changed twice in the Month at least: washing away of sin : [Sanctify this fountain of And before any Child be baptized, baptism, thou which art the * Sanctifier of all in the water so changed, the Pres- things.] And further we beseech thee for thine inbyter or Minister shall say at the Font the words thus enclosed [ finite mercies, that thou wilt mercifully, &c. [S.L.]

* The water in the Font shall be

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