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They then measured 24 miles to Amariscogin, and 16 miles beyond; 40 in all. I. R.,# who had the direction, would not go farther, because their bread was out, though they had that morning killed a fine moose, and offered to proceed without bread. The end of the 40 miles is on high land, supposed within four miles of Umbagog Lake and in sight; the line would cross it. Shelburne lies 3 miles S. and 3 miles N. of Amariscogin.

Captain Evans told me he lived at Penacook in the Cape Breton war, and that 5 men were killed there in August, 1747. The Indians had intended to attack the people in the meeting-house; but, seeing some of them go armed to meeting, were afraid. The next morning they waylaid the road and killed these men, who were going to N. Hopkinton; two months after killed another, who had just returned from 2 years' absence at Cape Breton; one at Suncook.

Grindstones are found at Fryeburg and at Amariscogin, of a fine grit, and hard; will do very well for small tools, and, with the help of rifle-sand strewed on them wet, will grind an ax. Captain Brown, at whose house I put up, has one.

Friday, July 30. At half past six set out with Mr Little from Fryeburg, and rode through Brown's field, chiefly pitch pine land. About 10 o'clock got to the great falls in Saco River. About half a mile above them are 3 hills, and between the hills and the river 2 meadows, a ridge of land between them, over which the road passes. The meadows have a communication by a brook. These hills, I suppose, are Sunday's Rocks. The land not good; pitch pine, mixed with white oak and whortleberry bushes. The falls we judged not more than 40 feet perpendicular, though the descent may be as many rods. Up these falls the salmon cannot go, by reason of a rock at the bottom, which projects; they therefore pass up the Great Ossapy River, on which is the remains of an Indian weir, built with stones and wood, for taking them. We crossed this river about noon; our horses swam after a canoe, in which we put our saddles and bags; an old woman paddled us over. Got some dinner on the other side, at the house of one Thompson. From thence 12 miles to the Little Ossapy, the land is extremely good, beech and maple; the lower part of the way well settled, good farms, plenty of grass and grain; the place is called Limerick. In the evening got to Massabesick;# crossed Little Ossapy on a bridge. Lodged at Captain Smith's.

* Isaac Rindge, who surveyed this line in 1708.—Eds.

Saturday, July 31. Parted with Mr. Little at Smith's. Got Mr. Burley to pilot me across the meadow and woods 3 miles to Mr. Bunker's; breakfasted there, baptized a child of Gideon Walker, visited Jo. Hamilton, got to Sanford at dinner time; dined Emery's; rode from thence in company with a man from Saco whose wife had run awTay with the Shakers and carried off 25 of his dollars; he is going in pursuit of her; got home well, about sunset.

Stages and Distances Travelled.

T Miles.

To Rochester 8

New Garden . ........ 32

Ossapy Great Pond 7$

Conway line 13

McMillan's 4

Height of Land 18


To the place where we crossed Peabody

River 6

To Whipple's 20

the Notch 14

McMillan's 20


* Now Waterborough, in York County, Maine.—Eds.

Brought forward, .... 142

Fryeburg 8

Great Ossapy 20

Little Ossapy 12

Captain Smith's 7

Bunker's 3

Dowty's Falls 17

Dover 14 ^




Philadelphia, Sept. 28,1184.

Dear Sir,— The enclosed should have been sent you before, but I have lately ordered a new regulation of the post between this city and New York, and cannot yet determine by which day's mail to send letters for you. I write this at a venture. Yours of 4th and 12th are come to hand. I had paid the premium of insurance before I received either: indeed, it was one of the first things I attended to, when I became able to leave my house. You shall have your account as soon as I can get leisure to draw it out. Mr. A. says he thinks there will be above 1000 copies, perhaps 1040. The copy has not yet been sent to Longman, but will be in a day or two, as an opportunity now offers, and I am again able to attend to business. I am glad to hear that Paddy meets with no encouragement: he is unworthy of any. I don't know the issue of. Longchamps's trial, nor whether it is yet brought to an issue. . . .

So the Freemason is initiated at last. His next letter, I suppose, will be a curious one. A. is an excellent workman: your snarlers may say what they please, but they cannot equal him. I am sorry to hear that your mother's illness encreases. My family are now in health, and Mrs. H. joins in sincere regards to Mrs. B. with your friend,

Vol. i. 26

Eben. Hazard. Can you read French?


Philadelphia, Oct. V>, 1784.

My Dear Sir, — According to promise, I have drawn out your account, but have forgot to carry it to the office from time to time: however, now you have it. Balance due to me, £18 18s. 8<#. lawful money. You will observe that the 7 rheams paper, bought June 23, cost less than the rest: the reason is that it was rather of an inferior quality; but the difference was so trifling that it will not be noticed. (I lent 4 rheams of your paper to the papermaker, who disappointed us. I need not add, before he did so.) He has since repaid it to Mr. Aitken, who is to give you credit for £4, Pennsylvania currency, for it. These, 1 think, are all the remarks I have to make respecting the account,

I have lately sent Mr. Longman a copy of your History, in sheets, with a letter. I could not find yours to him, and suppose that one of the clerks, seeing it in my drawer and directed for London, has put it into some London ship's bag, and sent it off: however, I constructed mine so as to do without it. I told L. that you had informed me you had made him an offer (through Mr. E.) of the copyright, but that he did not find it convenient to accept it; that, as Mr. E. had commenced a negotiation with him, you considered yourself under some kind of obligation to give him a preference, so far as it could be done, and therefore had desired me to send him a copy as early as possible, that he might have an opportunity of printing an European edition, if he chose it, before any other person. I told him that, in consequence of a recommendation from Congress, I had had access to the Records of New Hampshire and made large extracts from them; and, so far as the Records were concerned, your History was faithful and impartial; and, from a personal acquaintance with you and your general character, I had no doubt it was equally so when the collections of original papers formed by individuals were the sources from whence you derived your information. I added that you were engaged in compiling a 2d volume, which was intended to compleat the work; and concluded by telling him that, in case he should print an edition in England, I took the liberty of suggesting that Mr. B. was a clergyman with a very small living and a very large family. This was the substance of the letter, which I think it well enough for you to be acquainted with. The last stroke was a clincher. Decency would not admit of your striking such an one, and I was determined not to lose any thing through modesty. Mrs. H., who is present while I write, says I must not forget to remember her to Mr. and Mrs. B.; and I suppose, if our little boy could entertain us with his words as he now does with his gestures, he would give a similar hint. , He certainly would love you both, if his attachments were influenced by those of your friend, Eben. Hazard.


Philadelphia, October 23, 1784.

Dear Sir, — In yours of 2d inst. I received the new power, which I doubt not will be satisfactory, but I have not yet been able to converse with Mr. A. about it. Josey shall be consulted, and fully informed of every circumstance previous to his being bound. You judge rightly of Mr. A.'s delicacy in the article of promising: it certainly is a good symptom, and I am very confident that you will

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