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which were never felt, the penalties of that law he so oft has broken shall never reach him. It is indeed levelling the mountains, and making the crooked paths straight, when such a high way of access is thrown across the gulph of separation," that is between sin and sacredness; and never, my brethren, will this transition be made good,-never will the sinner know what it is to taste of spiritual joys, or te breathe with kindred delight in a spritual atmosphere, till, buried in another's death,, and raised in another's righteousness than his own, he can walk with the confident peace of one who knows that he is safe, under the secure and ample canopy of the offered Mediatorship.

my person on the passage by which, without suffering to myself, I have been borne across the region of vindictive justice, and conclusively placed on the fair and favoured shore of acceptance with God-The sense and the reckoning of all this, may transform me from the sinner that I am, into the saint that I am not. The executed criminal, who has been galvanized into life again, may be sent forth upon society; and there exposed to the temptation of all his old opportunities. It is not by reckoning of himself, that he is now altogether dead to the power of these temptations-it is not by reckoning himself to be an honest man, that he will become so. It is not by reckoning falsely of his character, that he will change it into So that the apostle tells us here, and in something different; but by reckoning the imperative mood, to reckon that our truly of his condition, he may bring a death by sin is over and gone by; and moral consideration to bear upon his this too, you will observe, for the purpose heart, that will transform his character. of bringing about our sanctification. What How shall I who for theft have passed a powerful and practical outset does he through the hands of the executioner, re-afford to this career! He dreads no Anticur to the very practice that destroyed nomianism. He fearlessly bids the people me? And how, in like manner, says the to count, that one man has died for them believer, shall I who have virtually under-all; and he bids them habitually reckon gone this sentence of the law, that the soul which sinneth it shall die-how shall I, now that I have been made alive again, continue in that hateful thing, of whose malignant tendencies in itself, and of whose utter irreconcilableness to the will and character of God, I have, in the death of my representative and my surety, obtained so striking a demonstration? It is not the sense or reckoning that you are a sanctified man-it is not thus that the work of sanctification is done. It is the sense or reckoning that you are a justified man—it is this which has the sanctifying influence-it is this which does the work, or is the instrument of doing it.

upon this, recur to it, keep it in memory, always be acting and holding fast the confidence that they begun with, and not cast it away. The man who is called upon to reckon that he was dead unto sin personally, would often feel as if out of his reckoning; and many a misgiving would visit him; and he might thus spend his life in the tossings of anxiety. But the man who is called upon to reckon that he is dead unto sin forensically, is presented with a solid foundation in that which Christ hath done for him; is simply bidden count upon that as a settled point, which has indeed been settled fast; and, when like to be abandoned by hope, he Mark then, my brethren, the apostle's has only to feel for the solidity of his receipt for holiness. It is not that you ground, and, in so doing, will find that it reckon yourself already pure; but it is is a rock of strength which he has got to that you reckon yourself already par- stand upon. And all this as the first step doned. It is not that you feel as if the to a life of new obedience. All this as a fetters of corruption have as yet been primary command, among those which struck off; but that you feel as if alto- the apostle afterwards delivers, for the gether lightened and released from the purpose of securing our transition from fetters of condemnation, and that you may sin unto holiness. All this as a staff to go forth in the peace and joy of a recon- support us on the narrow way of disciciled creature. And somehow or other, pline and duty, as provision for our jourthis, it would appear, is the way of ar-ney to the land of uprightness. And what riving at the new spirit and the new life of a regenerated creature. And how it Enould fall with the efficacy of a charm on a sinner's ear, when told, that the first stepping stone towards that character of heaven after which he has been so hopelessly labouring, is to assure himself that all the guilt of his past ungodliness is now done away-that the ransom of iniquity is paid-and that by a death the pains of

I bid you remark in the first place, is the very peculiar instrument which the apostle puts into the hands of his his disciples, for the purpose of making them regenerated creatures, even a trusty reckoning, on their part, that they are already reconciled creatures; and what an evidence, here of God's desire that you should feel at peace from the apprehension of Ilis wrath, when it is this very peace that He

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proposes as the means of making you the | ness; and how, if the character of God partakers of the worth and purity of His be the same that it ever was, he, in sinning wilfully, dares over again the still unquelled antipathies of the Godheadand, that if he gives himself up to the oid service, which reduced him at first from the one rightful authority, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sin, but a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation which shall devour the adversary. God forbid, that we should continue in sin, that grace may abound-or, because we have been brought back again within the limits of God's beloved family, we should fetch along with us that which before had banished us forth of a domain

be rooted out, because sin of all other things is that which most sorely and most grievously offendeth.

But, in the second place, will the means be really effectual? It was so with Paul. He gloried not in himself—not in his crucifixion to sin-not in his resurrection to holiness; he gloried in the cross of Christ, and the crucifixion to sin came out of this glorying. Thereby the world was crucified unto him, and he unto the world. The personal result came out of the forensic reckoning; and not a believer after him, who will not experience the same result out of the same reckoning. Your business is to count of yourselves, that in Christ your condemnation is discharged; from which sin, of all other things, must that in Him your acceptance is granted. And the more steadfastly and constantly you keep by this business, the more certainly will you find to your blessed experience, that a new heart and a new history emerge from the doing of it. The hourly habit of reflecting upon the new condition in which Christ has placed you, will sustain an hourly influence, by which there shall germinate and grow the new character that Christ proposes should arise in you. You have laboured long perhaps, after the life of God and of heaven in the soul; but this is just because you have been labouring long in the wrong track, or with wrong instruments. Turn you now unto that doctrine, which is as much the power of God unto sanctification here as unto salvation hereafter; and know, from this time forward, that the way of reaching the life of holiness you aspire after, is to live a life of faith in the Son of God.

But he does not know all, if he only know of that inheritance to which he has been readmitted, that no sin is suffered to have occupancy there. This is only knowing the quality of that which is exiled from heaven's family; but it is not knowing the quality of that, which is welcomed and cherished, and carried to uttermost perfection there. It is only giving me to understand the character of the outcast; but it is not giving me to understand the character of the guest. By being dead with Christ, the door of entry is again opened for me into the great household of the blest; and it is well to be solemnized into the impression, that I must shun the hateful thing which banished me therefrom. But I should also be led to aspire, and with all my earnestness, after that estimable thing which stamps the I have already adverted to some of the character and constitutes the honour and moral influences, wherewith the consi- the delight of this rejoicing family. The deration of our having been as good as disgraced felon, whose frauds had expelldead for sin, is so abundantly pregnant; ed him from society, when again introand even with a reiteration that might duced within its limits, is furnished by all have fatigued, and over satiated some of his recollections with a strong and acyou, did I, in remarking on the second tuating motive, to put all the atrocities of verse, expatiate at great length on what his former life away from him; but not struck me as the first of these influences. only so,-by his strenuous cultivation of It is the same with that which may be ad- the opposite virtues-by the scrupulous dressed to a man, who has been put to integrity of his dealings-by the highdeath for a crime, and then made alive minded disdain, in which he would hold again. A most impressive lesson to him, even the slightest deviations from the path of the genius and character of that go- of honour-by the sensitive nicety of an vernment under which he lives; of its uprightness, on which no discernible flaw hostility to the wickedness for which he can be detected-he might regain a distinsuffered; of its intolerance for a trans-guished place in that living circle, the esgression, into which if he again fall, there teem and happiness of which he had bemay be no mercy and no readmittance fore forfeited; and reach a status of pofrom the sentence that will be surely in sitive credit and enjoyment, in room of reserve for him. And, in like manner, that ignominy which before had covered the sinner, who, through Christ, has been him. And the same of heaven on the restored from condemnation, learns, both other side of death, and also of the road in the sentence that was incurred, and in which leads to heaven on this side of death. the atonement that was rendered, what a The same of the habit and condition of repulsion there is between sin and sacred- | paradise hereafter; and the same most

assuredly of the habit of preparation for paradise here. He who is dead with Christ, and so freed from condemnation, is not ushered at once into the celestial regions: but he is forthwith set on the journey which leads to them. And, with his eye full on the moral and spiritual glories of the place that is above, he will learn that sinlessness is not enough-that he must be strenuous in the pursuit of positive goodness-that, to lay up treasure in heaven, he must become rich in all those graces that adorn and dignify the wearer-that, to be received and welcomed as a member of the upper family, he must acquire the family likeness; or gather upon his inner man all those features of piety and love, and humbleness and temperance and purity, which go to make up a portrait of affirmative excellence, and to stamp on every desire and on every deing the expression of holiness unto the Lord.

Him, in striving, by all the aids of His grace, to apprehend that holiness, for the sake of producing which in your spirit you have been apprehended? How can you refuse to gratify in your own person and performance, the taste of Him who ever rejoices to behold the verdure and tho beauty that sit on the landscapes of materialism; and will much more rejoice to behold in the church of the redeemed, on which He is ever shedding the water of life from above, the unspotted loveliness of a new moral creation, that now teems and rises towards that full accomplishment, when it shall be holy and without blemish before Him?

Thus it is that the desire of Christ, and your desire, meet together in the one object of your sanctification. Let the sinner's desire for this vent itself in prayer; and let the desire of the Saviour for this go forth upon the prayer, and hand it up perfumed with the incense of His own The starting-post at which this race of merits to Him who sitteth on the throne; virtue begins, and from which this noble and the descending of the Spirit on the career of progressive and aspiring excel- believer's heart, will make sure that relence is entered on, is your freedom from generating process, whereby he who is condemnation, through the death of Christ. saved from the punishment of sin, will It is your reckoning by faith upon this, also most certainly be saved from its which cuts asunder that load, by which power. The man, who, in the faith of the compressed and heavy-laden energies God's testimony, reckons himself a parof the soul are restrained from bursting taker of Christ's death and resurrection, forth on a path of hopeful activity; and is not reckoning beyond his warrant. But it is thus, that, with emancipated powers he who so reckons upon Christ hath renow awakened to life and to liberty, you ceived Christ; and the mighty vantage press onward to that summit of perfection ground upon which he stands is, that he that is yet seen by you from afar, but to can now plead the declaration of God which you have bent your determined Himself, that as He hath given His own course, and are ever running, as for the Son He will also with Him freely give all prize of your high calling in Christ Jesus things; and the most precious of these, our Lord. But to our progress on this are the heart and the power to serve Him. great moral and spiritual journey, the It is thus that, through the door of reconreckoning of the text is indispensable. ciliation, you enter on the path of new Without this reckoning, you are chained obedience; and still we come back again to the sluggishness of despair. With this to this, that the very reckoning of my reckoning the chain is broken; and the text, is the thing which gives its first prossluggishness is dissipated; and the facul- perous outset to the work of sanctification. ties of the mind are not only freed, but It is this which brings home to the believthey are urged and stimulated in a holyer's heart, the malignity of sin-it is this and a heavenward direction. For, among the thousand other guarantees for the faith of the gospel being indeed a purifying and an inspiring faith, mark it, my brethren, that a sense of pardon will never | enter believingly into the sinner's heart, without its being followed up by a sense of obligation; and gratitude to Him who first loved you, will incite you to all that you know to be gladdening or acceptable to His bosom: And when you read, that He wants to rear all those creatures who are the travail of his soul, into so many illustrious specimens of that power with which He is invested-to adorn and to sanctify those whom He has saved-how can you refuse to be a fellow-worker with

which opens to him the gate of heaven; and disclosing to his view the glories of that upper region, teaches him that it is indeed a land of sacredness—it is this which inclines his footsteps along the path to immortality, which the death of Christ and it alone has rendered accessible—it is this which conforms his character to that of the celestial spirits who are there be fore Him-For the will of Christ, whom he now loves, is, that he should be like unto Him; and the grateful wish and the grateful endeavour of the disciple, draw forth from his labouring bosom that prayer of faith, which is sure to rise with ac. ceptance, and is sure to be answered with power.

To conclude, I shall be pleased, if, as | to win this friendship by his obedience, and the fruit of all these explanations, I have to secure this patronage. But the man succeeded in making palpable to any un- who sets out evangelically, counts on the derstanding, the great secret of what that friendship and the patronage, and avails is which constitutes the principle of evan- himself of all the aids and facilities that gelical obedience. The constant aim and are abundantly offered to him. Make the tendency of nature is towards a legal experiment, my brethren. Take it up as a obedience; and, in the prosecution of this, settled point, that in Christ your condemit is sure to land either in a spiritless for- nation is done away—that in Him your mality, or in a state of fatigue and dissa- right to everlasting life is purchased and tisfaction and despondency, which, with- secured for you that all the signals of out the faith of the gospel is utterly inter- honest and welcome invitation are now minable. To believe in Christ, is the way lifted up; and, floating in the eye even of to be holy here, as well as the way to be the worst of sinners, are cheering him happy hereafter. A sense of peace with forward to the land of uprightness-and God through Him, when it enters the bo- that every influence is provided, to help som, is the sure harbinger of purity there; his movement from the character of that and what you have plainly to do, that you earth whence he is so soon to make an may attain to the character of heaven, is everlasting departure, to the character of to take up the reckoning of my text- that now open and accessible heaven whieven that the death by sin is conclusively ther he is asked to bend his footsteps. gone through; and that, the life by God Enter upon this undertaking on the footbeing promised through Jesus Christ, the ing that your reconciliation is secured, gate of heaven now stands open for your and not on the footing that your reconciapproaches through the way of holiness liation is yet to win. On the one footing which leads to it. You have perhaps been you will fight all your days, at a distance practising at the work of reformation by from hope, and at an utterly impracticaother methods; and this is a method that ble distance from that heaven after which may have been still untried by you. Try you are toiling so fruitlessly. Just make it now; and what can be more inviting, the attempt then on the other footing; than to begin an enterprise with such an and see whether all old things will not be encouragement of friendship and of pa- done away, and all things will not become tronage upon your side? The man who new. sets out on the tract of legalism, proposes

LECTURE XXXIII.

ROMANS Vi, 12.

"Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.”

SOME Would substitute here, in place of | In virtue of the defeat that he has gotten, mortal, which signifies liable to death, the idea of our bodies being already dead in Christ; or in Him being already put to death for sin-which would just be urging us to strive against sin, and on the consideration too that I have in your hearing so repeatedly insisted upon. Let not that hateful enemy again reign over us, who already brought us to the borders of execution. And here, I may revert for a moment to the thought, that sin, by the death of Christ in our stead, hath been plucked of its sting-that our Saviour received it in His own body, and there is no more power in our cruel adversary to inflict its mortal poison upon us-and that he is not only disarmed of his right to condemn us, but furthermore disarmed of all right and ability to tyrannize over us.

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he will not obtain the dominion over our hearts and wills unless we let him. If we let him not, we shall find that our resistance, backed as it is by the plea of a Saviour already crucified, and by the power of a Saviour now exalted, is greatly too much for him. We who have been baptized into Christ, are somewhat in the same circumstances with regard to our old oppressor sin-that the children of Israel after being baptized into Moses in the Red sea, were, in reference to the power and tyranny of Egypt. Their enemy was engulphed in that abyss, over which they found an open and a shielded way; and, placed conclusively beyond the reach of his dominion, it was now their part to exchange the mastery of Pharaoh for the mastery of God; and those who did not

acquit themselves of this their part, but rebelled against Heaven, and sighed in their hearts after the flesh-pots of Egypt, were cut off in the wilderness. And these things are recorded for our admonition, on whom the latter ends of the world have come. If truly baptized into Christ, we have, with Him our Deliverer, passed athwart that mighty chasm which had been else impassable; and it was in the act of opening up and traversing this deep, that he who had the power of death was overthrown; and we, now placed beyond the reach of his inflictions, are to exchange the tyranny of sin for the rightful command and mastery of Him, who hath borne us across from the confines of the enemy; and unless we let him, he is stript of all power of ascendancy over us -being no more able to subjugate our hearts to the influence of moral evil, than he is able to subjugate our persons to its penalty. Now, if he offer to reign, let us but resist, and he will flee from uswhereas, if with so many aids and securities around us, and standing on the vantage ground of a safety that has thus been obtained and thus been guaranteed, we shall still find our inclinations towards this malignant destroyer, we shall share in the fate of the rebellious Hebrews, we shall fall short on our way to the heavenly Canaan, we shall be likened to those who fell in the wilderness.

are at an equal distance from the land of sin's thraldom and oppressive tyranny Let us count it our business then to make head against that tyranny. Let not sin reign over us, on the passage that we have yet to describe, ere we shall be translated to our place of secure and eternal refuge from all its entanglements. Let us stifle every rising inclination for the pleasures and the carnalities of Egypt, and come not under the power of those lusts which war against the soul, till we reach the spiritual Canaan, where every inclination to evil that we have withstood here, shall cease to exist and so cease to annoy us.

We hold it of prime importance, in the business of practical Christianity that we understand well the kind of work which is put into our hands, both that we may go rightly about it, and also that we may have the comfort of judging whether it is actually making progress under our exertions. A mistake on this point may lead us perhaps to waste our efforts on that which is impracticable; and when these efforts of course turn out to be fruitless, may lead us to abandon our spirits to utter despondency; and thus, to use the language of the apostle Paul-running as uncertainly, and fighting as one that beateth the air, we may spend our days, alike strangers to peace, and to progressive holiness.

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Now to save us from this hurtful mistake it were well that we weighed the vast import of certain terms in the verse before us which are altogether big with significancy. "Let not sin," says the apostle,

And this analogy, which has been instituted by Paul himself in another part of his writings, does not fail us-though we should take the term mortal in the customary, which I am also inclined to think is here the correct signification of it."reign in your mortal body, that ye While in these mortal bodies, we are only should obey it in the lusts thereof." Here on a road through the wilderness of earth, we cannot fail to perceive how widely to the secure and everlasting blessedness diverse the injunction of the apostle would of heaven. It is true that all who are have been, if instead of saying, "Let not really partakers with Christ in His death, sin reign in your mortal bodies," he had have got over a mighty barrier, that lay said, Let sin be rooted out of your mortal between this terrestrial Egypt and the bodies; or if, instead of saying, Obey not Jerusalem that is above. They have been its lusts, he had bid us eradicate them. carried through the strait gate of accep. It were surely a far more enviable state tance, and have now to travel along the to have no inclination to evil at all, than narrow way of duty and of discipline. It to be oppressed with the constant forthis most true of all who are actually through putting of such an inclination, and barely the one, that they will be borne in safety to keep it in check, under the power of and in triumph along the other. But one some opposing principle. Could we atmay think that he is in Christ, when he is tain the higher state, on this side of time, not-and therefore let him who thus think- we would become on earth, what angels eth that he standeth, take heed lest he are in heaven, whose every desire runs in fall. If in Christ, it is true, that to him the pure current of love and loyalty to a there will be no condemnation. But if in God of holinees. But if doomed to the Christ, it is just in every way as true, that lower state, during all the days of our he will walk not after the flesh but after abode in the world, then are we given to the Spirit. Let us therefore make sure of understand, that the life of a Christian is our condition by so walking. Let us give a life of vigilant and unremitting warfare all our diligence to ascertain and estab--that it consists in the struggle of two lish it. If we really are at a distance adverse elements, and the habitual prevafrom the land of sin's condemnation, we lence of one of them-that in us, and

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