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only there to advise the people to accept of the mouth's offers he made them in the king's name. tenced on the 8th April, but he was reprieved to the 28th. During the interval his friends got the sentence changed into perpetual confinement on the Bass Rock. He refused to take the Test, and was close prisoner for five years. The rigour of imprisonment so told on his health that his physicians declared he was dying, and he was let out on bail. Freedom revived him, and he lived to see the Revolution of 1688; and he returned to his own house at Newholm, where he died shortly afterwards in the eighty-eighth year of his age."

Hugh Macklewraith of Anchen floor, and Robert Fleming, seem both, as Gray reports, to have taken the Test.

In the Appendix, in the 'Short Relation concerning the Reverend Mr Richard Cameron,' will be found an explanation of the references to that martyr, in the course of Robert Gray's Testimony.—ED.]

Duke of Mon-
He was sen-


HE LAST TESTIMONY of ROBERT GRAY, in Northumberland, who suffered for the truth, in the Grassmarket of Edinburgh, May 19, 1682.

His Interrogations by a Committee of the Council,
May 13.

"Robert Gray being called before the Chancellor and a committee of Council, appointed for public affairs, and interrogated, if he knew John Anderson, prisoner at Dumfries?

"He declared he did not know him, but had writ a letter to him; and that letter being produced to him, he owned the same, as he testified under his hand-write and subscription at the end thereof.

"And being asked, if he thought of the king and government as is expressed in that letter?

"He said, he did, and he owned that in his judgment.

"And being asked, if he thought the king a tyrant?

"He said, he had written so, and owned it, and that he wrote this

letter to John Anderson, as his duty to his brother."


OLLOWS the foresaid letter, which was all the ground of his indictment. [This letter has been corrected from the indictment as given in Wodrow.-ED.]

"DEAR FRIEND,-I received yours, and am very much refreshed to hear of any one in this day that is holding by the truth, and is helped to witness against

the wrongs done to our Lord and Master, which is the main thing that we are called to at this time, by which God is glorified, and which shall bring peace to us at the end of the day. As in answer to that, about owning this tyrant in ecclesiastic matters, I hope it is beyond all doubt and debate, with all the zealous exercised Christians in Scotland, that he should not be owned at all in it; whatever the time-servers, that will sail with any wind that blows, do, we are not concerned; who are like Esau, who sold his birthright for a mess of pottage.

"And as for owning him in civil things, to me it is very clear, now as matters are stated, that he should not be owned; in a word, for his breach of the civil law, pardoning and setting free murderers and bougerers, and murdering of poor innocents, and making his will a law, and placing none in public trust, but such as have taken that black Test, utterly to disown the whole work of Reformation; with which way I cannot meddle directly nor indirectly, without saying a confederacy with them.

"I cannot tell how much more might be said upon this head, if time would permit ; but this, I think, with what our late worthies did in casting this tyrant off, and out of the Church, might give full satisfaction not to own them in any thing, seeing they have acted for the devil more than ever; and the work has prospered in their hand more than formerly. Indeed, if we consult men at this time, in the matters of godliness, no wonder we be in the dark; but, oh! beware of that, and flee to the holy word of God. at any back-door, or halting between two opinions; for of a truth there is a halting this day, that will not be approven of God, in meddling with this malignant party directly or indirectly. It is a thousand to one if they see it.

Beware of looking out

"P.S.-Barscob and Major Learmont got their sentence on

Friday last, to die on the 28th, and Hugh Mucklewraith and Robert Fleming had their sentence that day too, and should have died this last Wednesday. But they got a remission to the 28th; and it is reported that Barscob and the rest have offered to take the Test, and they have sent up to the tyrant upon that account to save their lives. As for John M'Clurg and Robert N., there is no word yet what is to be done with them. I shall give you an account afterwards. My soul is grieved to see the treachery that is used in the matters of God among the prisoners, and their seeking sinful shifts to shun the cross of Christ. Oh! dear friend, seek to be kept steadfast in the day of trial.

"Now, I can say no more; but leave you in His hand, who hath brought you to the trial, and can carry you cleanly through it. I rest, your fellow prisoner and friend,




"MEN AND BRETHREN,-I having got my sentence of death from men who are unjustly taking away my life, merely for adhering to my principles, and have no matter of fact to prove against me, but only adhering to the truths of Jesus Christ, and testifying against their sinful laws and actions, which my indictment will testify; they take away my life for declining their authority, and calling Charles Stuart a tyrant, and speaking against their Test, that they have made to overturn the whole work of Reformation, in calling it the Black Test.

"Now, many may condemn me, and no doubt do, in my writing that letter to John Anderson, whom I own as my brother in Christ, suffering upon the same heads in Dumfries prison. I do not much care what the time-servers say. But I hope none of the zealous exercised Christians in the land, that are concerned with the wrongs done to their Lord and Master, Jesus Christ, will do it; I having a right call to do what I did, he writing to me, and I giving him an answer, in which I have great peace, notwithstanding it has brought me upon the trial, and my God has owned me in it. And let such as will condemn me mind that Scripture: 'It is God that justifieth,

who is he that condemneth?' I bless the Lord that ever I was honoured to testify against the wrongs done to my Lord and Master, Jesus Christ, either by word or write.

"Oh! wonder what am I, that ever He should have chosen the like of me, who have been one of the vilest of sinners! If the world had seen me as He saw me, they would not have chosen me, no, not to have kept company with. But, oh! wonder that His condescending love has not only taken me to be servant, but to be one of the children of the family! and has said to me, as John xiv. 19: 'Because I live, ye shall live also.' He has chosen me, and not I Him. Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver: I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it' (Isa. xlviii. 10, 11). Now, I had His promise before ever I came to a prison, that He should honour me, as Psalm xci. 14, 15: 'Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name. He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him.'

"Now, this is the ground upon which I have walked, and the grip I got, which I have holden till now; I mean, when I covenanted with my God, to take Him upon the terms of His offer. It is a year by-gone, being the first week of May 1681, since I personally subscribed my name to be the Lord's; for before that I played many times fast and loose with God, for which I take shame and confusion of face to myself (which is my due); but since [that time] I have been kept free of what formerly I was guilty of, though the assaults of Satan have not been wanting. I durst not look back, nor yet take my word again; but desired to act and contend for my Lord and Master Jesus Christ's rights, and not to quit them to any, which He helped and owned me in.

"Oh! dear friends, all of you that are contending for Christ's truths, get once a right in Himself, and ye cannot then, nor dare not but contend for Him. But, while ye are in the dark about your interest, ye can never walk upon sure grounds; but [are] like a man walking in the dark, that has hopes of getting to his lodging, but knows not the way. And the thing that steals many of this generation off their feet is; they go to seek the way from others that are also in the dark of it themselves, and they seek the way from men, and follow the example of men, because they think they are godly men, and by their practice, they think they have the image of God; and because of

that, they follow them, and take their advice, and do what they do, thinking they cannot do wrong. But I am clear of it; that is not the way of God in this dark day, to seek it from blind guides, and not from the true guide, Jesus Christ, who is given for a leader and a commander to His people, and [ye] ought to be led by none, nor have counsel from none but Himself; for the Spirit of God says: 'Woe to the rebellious children, saith the Lord, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my Spirit, that they may add sin to sin that walk, to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth' (Isa. xxx. 1, 2).

"Oh! but this is the very thing that I have seen at this day, especially since I came to prison. Oh! the treachery against God, which has been there, which was my only burden and grief, and made me weary of the prison, and desire to be gone; they taking counsel from men, and placing vile and unworthy men to agent and plead for them in Christ's matters, and dare not trust Him with it themselves. And so it is no wonder that He leave them, and they go a black gate [i.e., way].

"I take the walls of the Canongate Tolbooth (which I was prisoner in near ten months) to be witness against the wrongs done to my Lord and Master Jesus Christ, there, both before and since; and I take the good maintenance they have had, to witness in their conscience at the great day of accounts. They had never reason to complain of wants, nor to say, that our Lord was a hard master. And yet they wrong Him, most treacherously and cunningly hiding from the eyes of the world their compliance with their agents; and like the whore, wiping their mouths, and saying, they have done no evil, and saying, they have peace. Oh! but my soul trembles to think of that peace; to seek peace with the enemies of God, and say they have peace in it. I will not say, but ye may have peace at present, when ye go out of prison; because ye are going home to your idols and Delilahs, whatever they be, either your wives or children, or lands or employments. But I will say this, that if you have wronged the work of God for them, they shall be accursed to you, and prove a snare to you, and then you shall see what peace you will have.

"Let such as have meddled, or are meddling with these perjured men, see that Scripture as anent their peace: 'They have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace' (Isa. lix. 8). And I am convinced of it, that these that meddle with

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