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ANTIENT AND MODERN,
By the late learned
And Chancellor of the University of GOTTINGEN.
Translated from the ORIGINAL LATIN,
By ARCHIBALD MACLAINE, D.D.
Τ Η Ε
The External HISTORY of the CHURCH.
CH A P. I.
I. N order to arrive at a true knowledge of CENT. the causes, to which we are to attribute
PART I. the outward state of the church, and the events which happened to it during this century, the Roman we must keep in view the civil history of this pe- empwe. riod of time. It is, therefore, proper to observe, that, in the beginning of this century, the Roman empire was divided into two distinct sovereignties, of which the one comprehended the eastern provinces, the other, those of the west. ARCADIUS, the emperor of the east, reigned at Constantinople; and HONORIUS, who governed the western provinces, chofe Ravenna for the place of his residence. This latter prince, remarkable only for the sweetness of his temper, and the goodness of his heart, neglected the great affairs of the empire, and, inattentive to the weighty duties of his station, held the reins of government with an unsteady hand. The Goths took advantage of this criminal indolence; made incursions into Italy; laid walle its faireft proVol. II.