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ed to Christianity, the King refufed to employ him; as if a Jew were to lofe his fkill upon being converted to Christianity. Why did not the King order one of his own physicians to be converted to Judaifm? The following childish argument is built upon an extreme flight relation, that between our Saviour and the wooden crofs

he fuffered on. "Believe me," fays Julius Firmicus, "that the devil omits nothing to destroy miferable mortals; converting himself into every different "form, and employing every fort of ar"tifice. He appoints wood to be used in


facrificing to him, knowing that our Saviour, fixed to the crofs, would be"ftow immortality upon all his followers."

A pine-tree is cut down, and used in "facrificing to the mother of the gods. "A wooden image of Ofiris is buried in "facrificing to Ifis. A wooden image of

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Proferpina is bemoaned for forty nights, " and then thrown into the flames. "luded mortals, these flames can do you


no fervice. On the contrary, the fire "that is destined for your punishment rages without end. Learn from me to "know that divine wood which will fet Hh 2

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you free. A wooden ark faved the human race from the univerfal deluge. "Abraham put wood upon the fhoulders " of his fon Ifaac. The wooden rod "ftretched out by Aaron brought the "children of lfrael out of the land of E

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gypt. Wood fweetened the bitter waters of Marah, and comforted the chil"dren of Ifrael after wandering three "days without water.

A wooden rod
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"ftruck water out of the rock.

"of God in the hand of Mofes overcame "Amalek. The patriarch dreamed, that "he faw angels descending and ascending "upon a wooden ladder; and the law of "God was inclofed in a wooden ark. "These things were exhibited, that, as if "it were by certain fteps, we might a"fcend to the wood of the crofs, which "is our falvation. The wood of the "cross fuftains the heavenly machine,

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fupports the foundations of the earth, "and leads men to eternal life. The "wood of the devil burns and perishes, " and its afhes carries down finners to the "lowest pit of hell." The very slightest relations make an impreffion on a weak understanding. It was a fancy of Anto


ninus Geta, in ordering his table, to have fervices compofed of dishes beginning with the fame letter; fuch as lamb and lobster; broth, beef, blood-pudding; pork, plumb→ cake, pigeons, potatoes. The name of John king of Scotland was changed into Robert, for no better reafon than that the Johns of France and of England had been unfortunate.

In reafoning, inftances are not raré, of mistaking the caufe for the effect, and the effect for the cause. When a ftone is thrown from the hand, the continuance of its motion in the air, was once univerfally accounted for as follows: "That the "air follows the ftone at the heels, and 66 pushes it on." The effect here is mistaken for the caufe: the air indeed follows the stone at the heels; but it only fills the vacuity made by the ftone, and does not push it on. It has been flyly urged against the art of phyfic, that physicians are rare among temperate people, such as have no wants but thofe of nature; and that where phyficians abound, diseases abound. This is mistaking the caufe for the effect, and the effect for the caufe: people in health have no occafion for a physician;


but indolence and luxury beget diseases, and diseases beget physicians.

During the nonage of reafon, men are fatisfied with words merely, instead of an argument. A fea-prospect is charming; but we foon tire of an unbounded prospect. It would not give fatisfaction to fay, that it is too extenfive; for why should not a profpect be relished, however extenfive? But employ a foreign term and fay, that it is trop vafte, we enquire no farther: a term that is not familiar, makes an impreffion, and captivates weak reason. This obfervation accounts for a mode of writing formerly in common ufe, that of stuffing our language with Latin words and phrafes. These are now laid afide as ufelefs; because a proper emphafis in reading, makes an impreffion deeper than any foreign term can do.

There is one proof of the imbecillity of human reason in dark times, which would fcarce be believed, were not the fact fupported by inconteftible evidence. Instead of explaining any natural appearance by fearching for a caufe, it has been common to account for it by inventing a fable, which gave fatisfaction without enquiring farther.

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farther. For example, instead of giving the true cause of the fucceffion of day and night, the facred book of the Scandinavians, termed Edda, accounts for that fucceffion by a tale : "The giant Nor had a "daughter named Night, of a dark com

plexion. She was wedded to Daglingar, "of the family of the gods. They had

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a male child, which they named Day, "beautiful and fhining like all of his fa"ther's family. The univerfal father took Night and Day, placed them in heaven, 66 and gave to each a horfe and a car, that they might travel round the world, the one after the other. Night goes first upon her horse named Rimfaxe, [Frosty Mane], who moistens the earth with the "foam that drops from his bit, which is "the dew. The horse belonging to Day is

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named Skinfaxe, [Shining Mane], who by "his radiant mane illuminates the air and "the

the earth." It is obferved by the tranflator of the Edda, that this way of accounting for things is well fuited to the turn of the human mind, endowed with curiofity that is keen; but eafily fatisfied, often with words instead of ideas. Zoroafter, by a fimilar fable, accounts for the growth


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