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A List of Merchants' Advertising Checks, Restaurant
Checks, and Kindred Pieces Issued from 1789 up
to Recent Years, Including Many of the Tokens
Which Passed as Money and Known as
Hard Times Tokens



NEW YORK, 1920

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In preparing this list of store cards, &c., the compiler has been guided by no particular rule, but has listed together with regular advertising cards other items which have for many years been popular with collectors of series of this kind. The collection of store cards and kindred objects was much more in favor many years ago, with such well-known and indefatigable collectors as J. N. T. Levick, Benjamin Betts, Elliott Woodward, Charles Morris, Dr. B. P. Wright and others. The collection of Mr. Levick, which was sold in 1884, was at that time by far the most complete, and today the catalogue of that sale is invaluable as a guide to the collectors. Mr. Betts' collection was also a very noteworthy one, and was particularly remarkable for the series of New York store cards, although it also contained many rare and desirable pieces belonging to other localities. Mr. Betts' collection was sold in 1908, and the catalogue furnishes, with its interesting historical notes and plates, another very necessary guide to collectors. Mr. Woodward's collection was disposed of in 1884 and contained a very complete series. The collection of Dr. Wright has been sold at various intervals, and ranks with the Levick collection for completeness. Dr. Wright probably has given the subject more attention than any one else, and wrote a list of the pieces in his collection, which was published in the Numismatist in 1900 and 1901. A very interesting and complete list of the store cards of New York was published in The Coin Collectors' Journal in 1885, 1886 and 1887. This same list was reprinted by the New York Numismatic Club in 1913. In 1907 F. G. Duffield of Baltimore, prepared a very comprehensive list of store cards and kindred items of Maryland for the Numismatist. There are other sales of store cards which are important, such as that held by Geo. A. Leavitt & Co., of New York in 1890, "the property of a well-known Brooklyn col

lector." This contained a very complete series, other than those of New York, among which were a number of the great rarities, such as the Walton cards of New Orleans, Huckel, Burrows & Jennings of St. Louis, and Loomis of Cleveland, Ohio.

There are quite a number of items in the present list which cannot be called store cards, and yet we think the predilection of collectors for them entitles them to be added. We refer particularly to the member checks of the various jockey clubs, the drayage checks, and also the restaurant checks. The latter form an extensive series, especially those of New York City, and recall many old-time establishments long since passed away and bring to mind the period of New York's history when money values were reckoned in shillings and pence.

It is recognized that the extensive nature of the subject treated entails many omissions. These will be rectified from time to time in future editions, when illustration will be furnished together with such information as may come to hand. The compiler will be very grateful to have omissions brought to his attention, and thanks readers in advance for any courtesy that may be extended.

The small tradesmen's tokens issued during the civil war from 1861 to 1864, inclusive, are not included in this list, but will be made the subject of another list, which will be published later.

In getting this list together a great deal of help has been given by various persons who are interested in the subject and it is desired to especially thank Messrs. Howland Wood, David Proskey, Wayte Raymond, Henry Chapman and F. C. C. Boyd for their generous assistance and the American Numismatic Society for the opportunity accorded to closely examine its fine store card collection.

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