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Days was Provost of King's College, Cambridge, and one whom Bishop Burnet, in the History of his own Times, juftly recounts among the best of the Clergy and Preachers in the next Reign; whose Sermons were admired and published by Archdeacon Jefferies: He was Brother to the Father of the Family, of which Family I am going to speak. Sir Paul Whichcote of Quoi, by Cambridge, was the eldest Brother; whom I knew: And who had a fmall but elegant Chapel for his Family Prayers, which were twice in a Day there attended: Which his Son Sir Francis Whichcote, in Lincolnshire, with whom I am also acquainted, imitates. Sir Paul died at about 79 Years of Age. The next Brother of the Family died, about 83. The next was a Sifter, the Lady Pemberton, who lived till about 87. The next alfo lived till about 87. Who befide the large Provifion he made for his Relation, my Friend Mr. Paul Whichcote, left 1200 l. among 30 Clergymen of good Reputation, who had not of their own, or in Church Preferment, so much as 30 l. a Year, i. e. 40 l. a-piece. Mr. Paul Whichcote, who was the Perfon that took the Care of this Benefaction, defired my Affiftance in finding out fit Objects, and took near half of my Nomination: And by his and my own. great Care, fuch Objects were found out, and had each their 40 l. undiminished, as, upon after Enquiries, not one have appeared to be unworthy of it. Which is a Cafe fo uncommon, that it well deferves to be remembered and imitated by others
on the like Occafion. Mr. Henry, a worthy and religious Man, is now in the 96th Year of his Age, and, abating his Deafnefs, and Blindness, is ftrong and hearty at this Day.
The laft of the Brothers,
In May 1739, after the Death of Mr. Sanderfon, my Succeffor in the Mathematick Profefforfhip at Cambridge, I wrote, and fent the following Letter to Dr. Afhton, Mafter of Jefus College; the only furviving Head of a College that figned my Banishment from the Univerfity; tho' by all that I could learn, he did not fo much as fhew it to any other of the Heads, till after they had chofen Mr. Colfon for another of my Succeffors. An Hardship this plainly indefenfible and unaccountable !
Much honoured Sir,
London, May 10, 1739.
T having pleafed God to prolong my Life and Health till after the Death of my Succeffor, Mr. Sanderson; and you, Sir, being the only Head of a College now alive, whofe Name is to my Banishment from the Univerfity; an Hardship, indeed, that I could not but forely regret, from fo good a Scholar, and so good a Man as yourself, I think may now venture to put in my Claim to the fame Profefforship again: The Right to which was never any further taken from me, than in confequence of that Banishment. I then, by the B b 2
best Advice, made a Deputy; as, by Mr. Lucas's Statutes, I was impowered to do, Mr. Chriftopher Huffey of Trinity College; who was ready to perform his Duty, had not the Heat of that Time prevented him. You know, Sir, very well, that I was not banished for any Immorality, or Neglect of my Duty as Profeffor, nor by Mr. Lucas's Statutes; but barely for (1.) my affirming with our Saviour, St. Paul, the Nicene, and all the original Creeds, and moft, ancient Fathers, that the one only God of the Chriftians is God the Father. (2.) My afferting an undoubted Matter of Fact, that the original Chriftian Doxology was not the common one, but Glory be to the Father, through the Son, or, and the Son, in the Holy Ghost. (3.) My propofing to prove that the Conftitutions and Doctrine of the Apostles, are facred Books of the New Teftament; and the former of them, the most Sacred of the Canonical Books. As the authentick Accounts of that Tranfaction, long ago by me made publick, do clearly prove. Certainly, Sir, the Lofs of about twenty feven Years Salary of my Profefforship, with the other confequent Difficulties, put upon me during all thofe Years, is more than a fufficient Punishment for those Offences of mine, if fuch they were and that it is high Time for you, Sir, in particular, to move the other Heads of the University to confider of the Equity, if not of the Juftice of my Cafe; and to restore me to my Membership again: The Confequence of which will be this, that I be either re
admitted or re-elected into my former Profefforfhip. Which when done, I do hereby promise the University either to come, and refide, and do the Duty of my Place myself, if it may be done without the Diffatisfaction of that Body; or elfe I will, according to the Power given in the Statutes, make a good and fufficient Deputy to supply my Place, and do it for me. Sure, Sir, this Propofal cannot be esteemed other than very reasonable by any; much lefs by yourself, whofe former Banishment of me fhould make you more ready to procure me fome Redrefs for all those unhappy Troubles that fucceeded it. My Diffe rences in Opinions from yourself or others, no way relating to the Profefforfhip of the Mathematicks, cannot certainly merit the Continuance of my Punishment any longer; which therefore I hope you will endeavour to prevent: And if you do fo endeavour to prevent it, I have little Reafon to doubt but you will fucceed in it. So far at least I infift on your Fairness to me, that you communicate this Letter to the Vice-chancellor, and the rest of the Heads of Colleges, as foon as may be, before they are engaged for any other, that they may not be unapprized of my Claim, my Defires and Promises in the present Cafe. It not being my Intention to write to any other of them in particular, but to yourself only; to whom I heartily with all Happiness, as well as to the whole University, of which I was many Years formerly,
merly, and defire once more to be admitted a Member: And, I am,
Your very affectionate Brother,
and bumble. Servant,
N. B. This Dr. Afhton published himself many Years ago, an excellent Edition of Origen, Пep Ευχής. Euxs. After which I asked Dr. Bentley, then Master of Trinity College, and Regius Profeffor of Divinity, why they did not banish Dr. Ashton, as they had done me for Arianism? fince he had published the groffeft Arian Book extant in all Antiquity; as this Treatife of Origen's is known to be. He replied; But the Notes are Orthodox. To which I answered, Will Orthodox Notes make an Arian Book other than Arian?
In the fame Year 1739, I published, A Collection of original Texts and Teftimonies of Antiquity that relate to Chriftian Difcipline, with Notes. As alfo an humble and ferious Addrefs to the Clergy for the Restoration of the fame Difcipline 8va. Price 1 s. 6 d.
N. B. Since the Publication of this Pamphlet, I have met with Light as to both thofe Practices,