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10.20-31

24664CONTENTS of this Voluem,

Pag.

1

Β Ο Ο Κ Ι. Continued.
Sk.
6. Progress of the female sex,

Appendix,
Concerning propagation of animals, and care

of progeny,
7. Progress and effe&ts of luxury,

98

109

Pag.

153

220

Β Ο Ο Κ ΙΙ.

Progress of Men in Society.
Sk.
1. Appetite for society. - Origin of national fo-

cieties,
2. General view of government,
3. Different forms of Government compared,
4. Progress of states from small to great, and

from great to small,
5. Great and small states compared,
6. War and peace compared,
7. Rise and fall of patriotismi,
8. Finances,

227

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256 271 289 312 346

348

355

Sect.

1. General considerations on taxes,
2. Power of imposing taxes,
3. Different forts of taxes, with their ad.

vantages and disadvantages,
4. Manner of levying taxes,
5. Rules to be observed in taxing,
6. Taxes examined with respect to their ef-

fects,
7. Taxes for advancing industry and com-

363 375 378

393

merce,

403

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T

HE progress of the female sex,

a capital branch of the history of man, comprehends great va

riety of matter, curious and interesting. But sketches are my province, not complete histories; and I propofe in the present sketch to trace the gradual progress of women, from their low state Vol. II. А

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in favage tribes, to their elevated state in civilized nations.

With regard to the outlines, whether of internal disposition or of external figure, men and women are the same. Nature, huwever, intending them for mates, has given them dispositions different bụt concordant, so as to produce together delicious harmony. The man, more robust, is fitted for severe labour and for field-exercises : the woman, more delicate, is fitted for sedentary occupations; and particularly for nursing children. That difference is remarkable in the mind, no less than in the body. A boy is always running about; delights in a top or a ball, and rides upon a stick as a horse. A girl has less inclination to move: her first amusement is a baby ; which she delights to dress and undress. I have seen oftener than once a female child under fix getting an infant in its arms, caressing it, finging, and walking about staggering under the weight. A boy never thinks of such a paftime. The man, bold and vigorous, is qualified for being a protector : the woman, delicate and timid, requires pro

tection,

tection * The man, as a protector, is directed by nature to govern : the woman, conscious of inferiority, is disposed to obey. Their intellectual powers correspond to the destination of nature : men have penetration and solid judgement to fit them for governing: women have fufficient understanding to make a decent figure

under good government; a greater proportion would excite dangerous rivalship. Women have more imagination and more sensibility than men; and yet none of them have made an eminent figure in any of the fine arts. We hear of no fculptor nor statuary among them; and none of them have risen above a mediocrity in poetry or painting. Nature has avoided rivalship between the sexes, by giving them different talents. Add another capital difference of difpofition: the gentle and infinuating manners of the female sex, tend to foften the roughness of the other sex; and where-ever women are in

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* From which it appears to proceed, that women naturally are more careful of their reputation than men, and more hurt by obloquy.

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