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SEVERAL OCCASIONS.

BY THE Rev. JOHN WESLEY, M. A.

LATE FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD.

A NEW EDITION.

Leeds:

PRINTED BY EDWARD BAINES.
SOLD BY T. HANNAM, THE PREACHERS IN THE

NEW ITINERANCY, AND THE BOOKSELLERS.

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PREFACE.

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THE following Sermons contain the substance of what I have

been preaching for between eight and nine years last past. During that time I have frequently spoken in public, on every subject in the ensuing collection : And I am not conscious, that there is any one point of doctrine, on which I am accustomed to speak in public, which is not here, incidentally, if not professedly, laid before every Christian reader. Every serious man, who peruses these, will therefore see, in the clearest manner, what these doctrines are which I embrace and teach, as the essentials of true religion.

2. But I am thoroughly sensible, these are not proposed, in such a manner as some may expect. Nothing here appears in an elaborate, elegant, or oratorical dress. If it had been my desire or design to write thus, my leisure would not permit. But in truth I at present designed nothing less ; for I now write (as I generally speak) ad populum : To the bulk of mankind, to those who neither relish nor understand the art of speaking: But who notwithstanding are competent judges of those truths, which are necessary to present and future happiness. I mention this, that curious readers may spare themselves the labour, of seeking for what they will not find.

3. I design plain truth for plain people. Therefore of set purpose I abstain from all nice philosophical speculations, from all perplext and intricate reasonings; and as far as possible, from even the shew of learning, unless in sometimes citing the original scriptures. I labour to avoid all words which are not easy to be understood, all which are not used in common life: And in particular, those kind of technical terms, that so frequently occur in Bodies of Divinity, those modes of speaking which men of reading are intimately acquainted with, but which to common people are an unknown tongue. Yet I am not assured, that I do not sometimes slide into them unawares : It is so extremely natural to imagine, that a word which is familiar to ourselves, is so to all the world.

4. Nay, my design is, in some sense, to forget all that ever I have read in my life. I mean to speak, in the general, as if I had never read one author, ancient or modern (always excepting the inspired.) I am persuaded, that on the one hand, this may be a means of enabling me more clearly to express the sentiments of my heart, while I simply follow the chain of my own thoughts, without intangling myself with those of other men: And that, on the other, I shall come with fewer

weights

weights upon my mind, with less of prejudice and prepossession, either to search for myself, or to deliver to others, the naked truths of the Gospel...

" I am

me.

5. To candid, reasonable men, I am not afraid to lay open what have been the inmost thoughts of my heart. I have thought, a creature of a day, passing throʻlife, as an arrow thro' the air. Iam a spirit, come from God, and returning to God: Just hovering over the great gulph ; till a few moments hence, I am no more seen ; I drop into an unchangeable eternity! I want to know one thing, the way to heaven : How to land safe on that happy shore. God himself has condescended to teach the way; for this very end he came from heaven. He hath written it down in a book. O give me that book! At any price give me the book of God! I have it : Here is knowledge encugh for Let me be homo unius libri. Here then Lam, far from the busy ways of meu. I ist down alone : Only God is here. In his pre

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open, I read his book; for this end, to find the way to heaven. Is there a doubt concerning the meaning of what I read ? Does any thing appear dark or intricate ? I lift up my heart to the Father of Lights, " Lord, is it not thy word, If any man lack wisdom, let him ask of God? Thou givest liberally and upbraidest not. Thou hast said, If any be willing to do tły will, he shall know. I am willing to do. Let me know thy will." I then search after and consider parallel passages of scripture, comparing spiritual things with spiritual. I meditate thereon, with all the attention and earnestness of which my mind is capable. If any doubt still remain, I consult those who are experienced in the things of God: And then, the writings whereby being dead, they yet speak. And what I thus tearn, that I teach.

sence

6. I have accordingly set down in the following Sermons, what I find in the Bible concerning the way to heaven ; with a view to distinguish this way of God, from all those which are the inventions of men. I have endeavoured to describe the true, the scriptural, experimental religion, so as to omit nothing which is a real part thereof, and to add nothing thereto which is not. And herein it is more especially my desire, First, to guard those who are just setting their faces toward heaven, (and who having little acquaintance with the things of God, are the more liable to be turned out of the way) from formality, froin mere outside religion, which has almost driven heart religion out of the world: And Secondly, To warn those who know the religion of the heart, the faith which worketh by love, lest at any time they make void the law thro' faith, and so fall back into the snare of the Devil.

7. But some may say, I have mistaken the way myself, altho* I take upon me to teach it to others. · It is probable, many will think this, and it is very possible, that I have. But I trust, whereinsoever. I have mistaken, my mind is open to conviction. I sincerely desire to be better informed. I say to God and man, “ What I know not, teach thou me!"

8. Are

8. Are you persuaded, you see more clearly than me? It is not
unlikely that you may. Then, treat me, as you would desire to be
treated yourself upon a change of circumstances. Point me out a
better way than I have yet known. Shew me it is so, by plain proof of
Scripture. And if I linger in the path I have been accustomed to
tread, and therefore unwilling to leave, labour with me a little, take
me by the hand, and lead me as I am able to bear. But be not displeas-
ed if I entreat you, not to beat me down, in order to quicken my pace :

but feebly and slowly at best; then, I should not be able to
go at all. May I not request of you further, Not to give me bard names,
in order to bring me into the right way ? Suppose I' was ever so
much in the wrong. I doubt this would, not set me right. Rather,
it would make me run so much the farther from you, and so get more
and more out of the way.

I can go

9. Nay, perhaps, if you are angry, so shall I be too ; and then
there will be small hopes of finding the truth. If once anger arise,
RUTENAA TOS (as Homer sumewhere expresses it) this smoke will so dim the
eyes of my soul, that I shall be able to see nothing clearly. For God's
sake, if it be possible to avoid it, let us not provoke one another.to wrath.
Let us not kindle in each other this fire of hell, much less, blow
it up into a flame. If we could discern truth by that dreadful light,
would it not be loss, rather than gain ? For how far is love, even with
many wrong opinions, to be preferred before truth itself without love?
We may die without the knowledge of many truths, and yet be car-
ried into Abraham's bosom. But if we die without love, what will
knowledge avail ? Just as much as it avails the Devil and his angels.

The God of Love forbid we should ever make the trial! May he pre-
pare us for the knowledge of all truth, by filling our hearts with all
his love, and with all juy and peace in believing.

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