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Providence, April 10: 1765.

I RECEIVED by Mr. Lindsey fifteen 40 Gallon Cask, an am very much suppris'd att the same, as I never agree to warrant any cask I should send you, but am more sup pris'd that you should send them back, they being as goo Cask as any made with you by any of your Coopers, as have had as good a Cooper as any in this town to look a them since they come back, and he says they are very goo bbl. I think you suffer yourself to be impos'd upon by th man that ajug'd them. I have ben credibilly inform' that he cannot make so good a Cask to save his Life.

I have ben inform'd by two Gentemen then present tha the barrils would have ben sent back likewise, if itt had no ben for some Whalemen from Nantuckett giveing ther opinion that they ware as good barrills as they ever see which I think is a grand imposition. I have sent by th boat thirty one barrills and eleven 40 Gallon Cask, which expect you [to] take, as I have taken the utmost pains t gett them of the best sort. I shall send to make up the tw hundred according to agreement as soon as I can gett ther made, which will be soon. I have sent you four hundre feet and upwards of boards; shall send more as soon as can gett them in, the ways being so very bad that the team can not pass is the Reason that I have not sent more by th time. I remain,

Ser your Most Humbe
Sets Nath Greine

[Endorsed,] Per favour of Capt. Lindsay.


1 Moses and Aaron Lopez owned and occupied a building on the corner of Du



THE Sloop Betsey, Nathaniel Briggs Master, Aaron Lopez and Jacob Rod. Rivera owners, for the Coast of Africa. To Jacob Rod. Rivera..

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To 200 li. of Cheese

To Cash for fish for the people

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4. 5.,8 O. I. 84 3. 51 6.-.2 14.10.11.


O.II. 8. 6. 1.15.2. I. 3.

o. 6. 51

£206.13. 811



Bristol,3 Sept. 4th, 1765.

My last Respects to you were under date of 2nd August per your Brigantine Charlotte, and Copy per Two Brothers via New York to which pray refer.

1 The wages paid and time of voyage are known from the “portlage bill,” in this collection. The master, mate, and one sailor received £60 each a month; two sailors, £45, one, £40, and one £30. The men were shipped in May, June and July, 1765, and discharged in May, 1766, for the most part. The total wages paid amounted to £2,385.15.64.

2 The original is in the Newport Historical Society.

3 "Bristol is universally allowed to be the largest city in Great Britain, next after London. The anonymous author of England's Gazetteer, published in the year 1751, makes her to contain thirteen thousand houses and ninety-five thousand souls. When the author of this work was there in the year 1758, he perambulated it for two successive days, and from a near examination of the number of houses or new foundations, and even of entire new streets, erected since the said year 1751, he imagined he could not hesitate in concluding it to contain about one hun

I have sent per the Bearer of this the Remainder of your Goods which could not be got in time for the Charlotte as per Invoice inclosed, amounting to £208.13.8 Sterling to your Debit. The Bill Lading I have inclosed to my Brother, Mr. John Harris Cruger,1 at New York, and desir'd him to forward them per first Conveyance to you.

Last week after giving all the customary Notice I put your Ship America up to publick Auction, but not a single Bidder appear'd. Ships are so little in demand, I think you must lose a Deal of Money by her. I don't expect to make above 6 or £700 Sterling of her sell her when I will,— far short of your Valuation.

Her Plank, etc., I am with all possible dispatch getting measured and lotted out, and will sell as much of it as I can, but oh! it is bad Times. don't send any more Ships for sale till I give you Encouragement; confide in my Integrity, I will never deceive you, tho: indeed you are the best and only Judge what you can afford them at.

As to your Logwood 2 it has been a long time housed. I offer'd it for £7, and could not get it.

dred thousand souls, or to be about the magnitude of that part of London which is contained within her ancient walls. It is confessed, that London, within that limited compass, appears to be more populous, or to have more people appearing abroad in her streets; but that we apprehend to be occasioned chiefly by its communication with her vastly extended suburbs, her immense commerce and shipping, the greater resort of foreigners, and the near residence of the court, nobility, gentry and lawyers: whereas in the streets of Bristol, which are more remote from the harbour and shipping, the inhabitants are mostly either private families living on their means, or else manufacturers and workmen of various kinds employed altogether or mostly within doors." Anderson, Origin of Commerce, III. 324.

1 See Sabine, Loyalists of the American Revolution, I. 343.

2 Logwood was early used as a dye, being imported in the log which was afterwards chipped. It was introduced into England in the time of Queen Elizabeth; but the art of fixing the color was so imperfect that a law was passed prohibiting its use under severe penalties, and directing its destruction if found within the realm. The prohibition remained in force for nearly a century, though the wood was sold and used as "blackwood," and was removed only on the discovery of a means of fixing the dye. The tree is a native of America and in almost all commercial languages is known by the name of the principal region of supply-Campeachy — Haematoxylon Campechianum, Lin., Bois de Campèche, Fr., Palo de Campeche, Sp., etc. The privilege of cutting long constituted one of the diplomatic differences between Spain and Great Britain.

You perceive it is likely to be a long while before I can sell and be in Cash for these Goods, but, Sir, don't give yourself much uneasiness on that Account, for these are things that I suppose you could not foresee, and altho it is very trying times with we poor North American Merchants, yet we'll die hard, and honourable. Your Bills shall all, as before advised, meet due Respect.1

At present nothing further occurs. Inclosed is an Account of the Brigantine Charlotte's Disbursements, amounting to £54.6.3. Sterling to your Debit.

I am with Esteem, Sir, Your most Humble Servant,


P. S. Just upon closing the foregoing I received your esteemed favours of 18th June via New York and Dublin, and about an hour after received by the Charming Fanny, Capt. Osborne, your further favours of 17th July, ordering £2500. Sterling Insurance to be done on the Friendship Capt. Lindsay. as the Season is advanced, I shall be obliged to give 50/ per Cent. If it is effected before I dispatch the Bearer hereof, will send you an Account of the same.

As have already in the Begining of this Letter given you my candid Sentiments on the Sale of New Ships, and Lumbar Cargoes, will for the present say no more; they are certainly become a bad article, and the Ship you now value at £1500, if she fetches half the Money, you'll be well of.

At present, the vast Debts due to me from my American Correspondents are so distressing, and lay so heavey upon me, that I must beg you will be tender with me in drawing, don't over rate your Ships and Goods. I hope to see the times mend, when I shall take Pleasure in indulging you; but, bad as they are, be quite easy Sir, your Drafts shall all be duely honor'd by, Sir, Your much obliged Humble Servant HEN: CRUGER, JR.

P. S. Since writing the above I have effected your In

1 The passage of the Stamp act was responsible for the depressed condition of trade with the American colonies.

surance as per Account at foot hereof, amount £75.16.0 Sterling to your Debit in Account Current



For £2500 Insurance made on the Friendship, David Lindsay, Master, at and from Rhode Island to Bristol, vizt.

On Ship

£250.-.-. John Vaughan Jr.
100.-.-. Jas. Laroche, Jun'r.
100.-.-. John Adlam.
100.-.-. Thos. Whitehead.
100.-.-. Edw'd Nicholas.
100.-.-. Sam'l Munckley.
100.-.-. Thos. Griffiths.
100.-.-. John Curtis.
100.-.-. Edw'd Neufville.
100.-.-. Chas. Harford.
100.-.-. Geo: Champion.

100.-.-. John Anderson.

150.-.-. Rob't Gordon.

On Goods

£100.-.-. John Fowler.

100.-.-. Thos. Longden.
100.-.-. Wm. Reeve.
100.-.-. L. Schimmelpennig.
100.-.-. Rich'd Symes.
100.-.-. Isaac Elton, Jun'r.
100.-.-. H'y Bright.
100.- Jas. Bannister.
100.-.-. Jno. Humphrys.
100.-.-. Thos. Jones.
£1000. on Goods at 50/ per Ct.
and new policy 8/ .

£1500. On Ship at 50/ per Ct. and new Policy 8/

To Commission on £2500. at 1/2 per Ct.

To the Debit of Mr. Aaron Lopez


Dear Sir,

£25. 8.—

£37.18.0 £63. 6.—



Maidstone1 at Halifax, 5th September, 1765.

CAPTAIN ALLEN of one of the King's Schooners sailing for Boston this evening gives me an oppertunity to acquaint you of our safe arrival at this place on Sunday last, after a tedious but pleasant passage of twelve days.

The Squirrel has been gone from hence about a Month ago for Louisburg and Canso, and is expected to return again in about three weeks time. I therefore have opened your Letter to Mr. Bell, and therein find that you had rather he should give you Bills on his Agent in London for the 38 pounds drawn on Mr. Lyle, or bring the money with him in case he returns to Rhode Island, than sending it by any other person, which is the reason I have not sent it by the 1 The name of a king's vessel.

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