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crifice than Cain; through him too become as dead, sprang which Abel obtained witness that as many as the stars of heaven he was righteous, God witness- in multitude, and as the innuing of his gifts : and through it merable sand which is by the he, though deac, still speaketh. sea-shore.

5 Through faith, Enoch was 13 All these died in faith, translated, that he might not not having received the prosee death; and was not found, mises, but having seen them because God had translated afar off, and having hailed them, him: for before [his ] translation and having confessed that they he had this witness, that he were strangers and foreigners pleased God. 6 But without on the earth. 14 For those who faith it is impossible to please speak such things, plainly de. him : for he who cometh to clare that they are seeking a God must believe that God ex- country. ists, and that he is a rewarder of 15 And indeed if they had those who diligently seek him. borne in mind that country

7 Through faith, Noah, hav- whence they came out, they ing been warned of God con- might have had opportunity of cerning things not then seen, returning to it: 16 but now they moved with godly reverence, desire a better, that is, a beamade ready an ark for preserv- venly country. Wherefore God ing his house : by which he is not ashamed to be called condemned the world, and be their God: because he hath precame heir of the justification pared for them a city. which is through faith.

17 Through faith, Abraham, 8 Through faith, Abraham when he was tried, offered up obeyed, when he was called to Isaac; and he that had receivdepart into the place which heed the promises offered up his was afterward to receive for an only son : 18 with reference to inheritance; and departed, not whom it was said, “ In Isaac knowing whither he went. shall thy seed be called :" 19.

9 Through faith, he sojourn- having concluded that God was ed in the land of promise, as in able to raise him up even from a foreign land, and dwelt in the dead; whence he had also tents with Isaac and Jacob, the in a manner received him. joint-heirs of the same promise: 20 Through faith, Isaac bles10 for he was waiting for that sed Jacob, and Esau, concerncity which hath foundations; ing things to come. 21 Through whose framer and builderis God. faith, Jacob, when he was dy

11 Through faith, also Sarah ing, blessed both the sons of herself gained strength to con- Joseph; and worshipped, leanceive, even when she was pasting on the top of his staff. 22 age, because she thought Him Through faith, Joseph, when faithful who had promised. 12 he was ending his life, menWherefore even from one, and tioned the departure of the

sons of Israel from Egypt : and for the time would fail me to gave commandment concerning tell of Gideon, and of Barak, his bones.

and of Sampson, and of Jeph23 Through faith, Moses, thah ; of David also, and of Sawhen he was born, was hidden muel, and of the prophets : 33 three months by his parents, who through faith" subdued because they saw that he was a kingdoms, wrought righteousgoodly child; and they feared ness, obtained promises, stopnot the king's commandment. ped the mouths of lions, 34 24 Through faith, Moses, when quenched the violence of fire, he grew up, refused to be called escaped the edge of the sword, the son of Pharaoh's daughter; out of weakness were made 25 choosing rather to suffer strong, became valiant in war, cruel treatment with the peo- turned to flight the armies of ple of God, than to enjoy the other nations. 35 Women repleasures of sin for a short time; ceived their dead by a resur26 and esteeming the reproach rection to this life: but others of Christ* greater riches than were tortured, and did not acthe treasures of Egypt: for hecept deliverance, that they had respect to the recompense might obtain a better resurrecof the reward.

tion. 36 And others had trial 27 Through faith, he left of scoffs and scourgings; and of Egypt, and feared not the wrath bonds also and imprisonment: of the king: for he remained 37 they were stoned, they were firm, as seeing Him who is invi- sawn asunder, they were piercsible. 28 Through faith he kept ed with stakes, they were slain the passover, and the sprinkling with the sword : they went of the blood ; that he who des- about in sheep-skins and in goattroyed the first-born might not skins, destitute, afflicted, crueltouch them.

ly treated, 38 (of whom the 29 Through faith, the Israel world was not worthy,) wanderites passed through the Red sea ing in deserts, and in moun

on dry land: which the tains, and in dens and caves of Egyptians attempting to do, the earth. were drowned.

30 Through 39 And all these, though faith, the walls of Jericho fell they obtained a good witness down, after they had been com through faith, yet received not passed about for seven days. 31 the promise: 40 God having Through faith, the harlot Rahab provided a better thing for us, did not perish with those who that they might not be made believed not, when she had re- perfect without us. ceived the spies with peace.

CH. XII, 1 Wherefore since 32 And why do I still go on? I we are surrounded by so great


* " such reproach as Christ endured.” Newcome. “ such reproach as the anointed of God endored.” Im. Ver. "the reproach of Christ, or, the anointed." Gr. The Israelites are called Christs, or anointed, i. e. a chosen and favoured people, Psalm cv. 15 ; Hab. iii. 13.


a cloud of witnesses, let us also nevertheless afterward it yield. lay aside every weight, and the eth the peaceable fruit of rightesin which easily entangleth us, ousness to those who have been 2 looking to Jesus, the leader exercised by it. on to faith, and also its perfec 12 WHEREFORE lift up the ter; who, for the joy which was hands which hang down, and set before him, endured the strengthen the feeble knees ; 13 cross, and despised its shame, and make straight paths for and is seated at the right hand your feet, that the lame be of the throne of God. 3 For not turned out of the way, but consider him who endured such rather be healed. 14 Follow opposition of sinners to him- peace with all men ; and the hoself, lest ye be, wearied, and liness, without which no faint in your minds.

shall see the Lord: 15 looking 4 Ye have not yet resisted to diligently-lest any one fall short blood, contending against sin: of the favour of God; lest any 5 and ye have forgotten the root of bitterness springing up exhortation which speaketh to trouble you, and by it many be you as to sons, “ My son, des- defiled; 16 lest there be any forpise not the chastening of the nicator, or any profane person, Lord, nor faint when thou art as Esau, who for one meal sold rebuked by him: 6 for whom his birth-right. 17 For ye know the Lord loveth he correcteth, that afterward, when he desired and scourgeth every son whom to inherit the blessing, he was he receiveth.” 7 If ye endure rejected: for he found no place chastisement, God dealeth with for change of mind in Isaac, you as with sons: for what son though he earnestly sought it is he whom his father chasten- with tears. eth not? 8 But if ye be without 18 For ye are not come near chastisement, of which all others to the mount which might be are partakers, then ye are spu- touched,* and which burned rious, and not lawful sons. with fire, nor to blackness, and

9 Have we then had fathers darkness, and tempest, 19 and of our flesh, who corrected us, to the blast of the trumpet, and and we gave them reverence: to the sound of words; which and shall not we much rather sound those who heard, entreatbe in subjection to the Fathered that the word should not of spirits, and live? 10. For they be spoken to them any more : indeed chastened us during a 20 (for they could not bear few days, as it seemed fit to what was commanded; “If them : but He for our profit, even a beast touch the moun. that we might be partakers of tain, it shall be stoned ;" 21 his holiness. 11 Now no chas- and [[80 terrible was the sight, tisement seemeth for the pre- that]] Moses said, “I exceed. sent to be joyous, but grievous: ingly fear and tremble:”) 22 but

* Conj. "might (not] be touched.” See v. 20.

ye are come* to Mount Sion, ( some have unknowingly enterand to the city of the living tained angels. 3. Remember God, the heavenly Jerusalem,t those who are in bonds, as if and to myriads of messengers bound with them; and those from God, 23 to the general who are cruelly treated, as beassembly and congregation of ing yourselves also in the bothe first-born that are enrolled dy. 4 Marriage is honourable in heaven, and to God the judge among all, and the bed undefilof all, and to righteous mened: but fornicators and adulwho are made perfect, 24 and terers God will condemn. to Jesus the mediator of the 5 Let your manner of life be new covenant, and to the blood without covetousness. Be conof sprinkling, which speaketh tent with such things as ye a better thing than that of Abel. have : for God himself hath

25 See that ye refuse not said, “ I will never leave thee, him who speaketh. For if those nor utterly forsake thee.” 6 So escaped not who refused him that we may boldly say,

66 The when he uttered oracles on Lord is my helper, and I will earth, much less shall we escane, not fear what man can do to if we reject him speaking from me.” 7 Remember those who heaven: 26 whose voice then preside over you, who spake to shook the earth: but now he you the word of God: whose hath promised, saying, “ Yet faith imitate, considering the once more I shake not only the end of their behaviour. earth, but also the heaven.” 8 Jesus Christ is the same 27 Now this expression, “ Yet yesterday, and to day, and to once more," signifieth the re- the ages. 9 Be not carried aside moving of the things shaken, by various and strange docas of things which are made, trines : for it is a good thing that the things which are not that the heart be strengthened shaken may remain.

by the gracious gospel, not by 28 Wherefore, since we re- meats, which have not profited ceive a kingdom which cannot those who have attended to be shaken, let us hold fast on them.§ 10 We have an altar favour, by which we may serve from which they who serve the God acceptably with reverence | tabernacle have no right to eat. and godly fear. 29 For even our | 11 For the bodies of those God is a consuming fire. beasts whose blood is brought

CH. XIII. 1 LET brotherly into the sanctuary by the highkindness continue. 2 Be mind- priest, as a sin-offering, are burnful of hospitality: for by this ed without the camp. 12 Where

* The writer describes a state present, not future: the state of believers under the gospel, as opposed to Israelites under the law, not the state of the virtuous in heaven. + The Christian church, figuratively represented by the city of God, the heavenly Jerusalem.

The shaking of heaven and earth denotes convulsions in the political and moral world; and, as the writer explains it, the abolition of the Jewish dispensation, to make way for the aionian kingdom of the Messiah. See Acts. ii. 19, 20.

Gr. in which, those who have walked, have not been profited.


fore Jesus also, that he might I more especially beseech you sanctify the people through to do this, that I may be shortly his own blood, suffered without restored to you. the gate. 13 (Let us therefore 20 NOW the God of

peace, go out to him without the camp, who brought back from the bearing his reproach : 14 for dead our Lord Jesus, who is the here we have no continuing great shepherd of the sheep in city, but we seek one to come.) the blood of the aionian cove15 Through him therefore let nant, 21 make you perfect in us offer up the sacrifice of praise every good work, that ye may to God continually, that is, the do his will; working in you that fruit of our lips which render which is well-pleasing in his thanks to his name. 16 But to sight, through Jesus Christ: do good, and to distribute, for- to whom be glory to the ages get not: for

with such sacri- [of ages]. Amen. fices God is well pleased.

22 NOW I beseech you, 17 Obey those who preside brethren, bear with this word of over you, and submit


exhortation : for I have written selves: for they watch for your a letter to you in few words.* benefit, as those who must give 23 Know that our

brother account: that they may do it Timothy is set at liberty: with with joy, and not with grief: whom, if he come shortly, I for this would be unprofitable will see you. 24 Salute all those to you. 18 Pray for us: for we who preside over you, and all trust that we have a good con- the saints. They of Italy salute science, desiring to behave our you. 25 The favour of God be selves well in all things. 19 But with you all. [Amen.]+

May we not conjecture that qen is wanting before sic Bga xxwv, when it would read thus: “ for even (not) in few words have I written an epistle to you. This seems better to agree with the connexion, and (if this epistle be alluded to) more agreeable to the fact.

† “ The epistle to the Hebrews is the first of those books which are distinguished by Eusebius, as having been disputed in the primitive ages of Christianity, and which, therefore, are not to be received as of equal authority with the rest. This epistle, however, which contains many important observations and many wholesome truths, mingled, indeed, with some far-fetched analogies and inaccurate reasonings, was probably written before the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, for it contains no allusion to those calamitous events. But by whom it was written is uncertain. Origen says, that po one can tell who was the author of it. It has been ascribed to Paul, to Barnabas, to Luke, and to Timothy: but if Origen, the most learned and inquisitive writer in the third century, could not discover the author, it is in vain for us to it tempt it; and we must be content to remain in ignorance.” Im. Ver. note.

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