Maya Postclassic State Formation: Segmentary Lineage Migration in Advancing Frontiers
CUP Archive, 1987 - 310 páginas
John Fox here offers a fresh and persuasive view of the crucial Classic-Postclassic transition that determined the shape of the later Maya state. Drawing this data from ethnographic analogy and native chronicles as well as archaeology, he identifies segmentary lineage organisation as the key to understanding both the political organisation and the long-distance migrations observed among the Quiche Maya of Guatemala and Mexico. The first part of the book traces the origins of the Quiche, Itza and Xiu to the homeland on the Mexican Gulf coast where they acquired their potent Toltec mythology and identifies early segmentary lineages that developed as a result of social forces in the frontier zone. Dr Fox then matches the known anthropological characteristics of segmentary lineages against the Mayan kinship relationships described in documents and deduced from the spatial patterning within Quiche towns and cities. His conclusion, that the inherently fissile nature of segmentary lineages caused the leapfrogging migrations of up to 500km observed amongst the Maya, offers a convincing solution to a problem that has long puzzled scholars.
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CHONTAL SEGMENTARY LINEAGE FORMATION WITHIN THE GULF
the Toltec connection
ecological conditions and leapfrog
The acropolis centers and tunkatun ritual alliances
The Quiche segmentary state of the Late Postclassic period
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Acalan acropolis acropolis centers acropolis communities acropolis sites Akajal Amak archaeological architectural ballcourt ballgame Cakchiquel Carmack Cawinal central ceramics Chapter Chichen Itza Chinautla Chontal Chontal-derived Chontalpa Chuisac Chuitinamit Chujuyup civic plaza Classic period confederates cultural deity demographic Early Postclassic elite enclaves Epiclassic ethnohistoric feathered serpent Greater Utatlan groups Guatemala Guatemalan highlands Gulf frontier Ichon Ilocab inner frontier intrusive Itzamkanac Iximche Jacawitz Junajpu katun Late Classic Late Postclassic long structures lowland Majewski Maya Mayapan Mesoamerica Mexican middle frontier migration Naco Nacxit Nijaib Nima Quiche Olmeca outer frontier Peten Pokom political polychrome Popol Vuh Popol Vuh 1971 population principal lineages proxemics Pueblo Viejo quadripartite Quetzalcoatl Quiche Quiche and Cakchiquel Quiche basin Quiche's Rabinal radial temple Rio Negro ritual Sacapulas Sacapultec segmentary lineage segments Seibal settlement pattern southern Mesoamerica Tamub territories tierra Tojil Toltec trade Tzameneb Tzutujil Usumacinta valley Vukamak warrior lineages Xajil Xicalango Yucatan zones
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