Jewish Martyrs in the Pagan and Christian Worlds

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Cambridge University Press, 2006 - 414 páginas
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This book presents a linear history of Jewish martyrdom, from the Hellenistic period to the high Middle Ages. Following the chronology of sources, the study challenges the general consensus that martyrdom was an original Hellenistic Jewish idea. Instead, Jews like Philo and Josephus internalized the idealized Roman concept of voluntary death and presented it as an old Jewish practice. The centrality of self-sacrifice in Christianity further stimulated the development of rabbinic martyrology and the talmudic guidelines for passive martyrdom. However, when forced to choosed between death and conversion in medieval Christendom, Ashkenazic Jews went beyond these guidelines, sacrificing themselves and loved ones. Through death not only did they attempt to prove their religiosity, but also to disprove the religious legitimacy of their Christian persecutors. While martyrs and martyrologies intended to show how Judaisim differed from Christianity, they, in fact, reveal a common mindset.
 

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Crítica de los usuarios  - chriskrycho - LibraryThing

Shepkaru's book is well-researched and well-presented, a good complement to his lectures. Leer comentario completo

Contenido

Preface
1
Between God and Caesar
35
It Is Written in the Law
66
Who Are These Martyrs?
73
52
79
Jews JewishChristians GentileChristians and Gentiles
90
And You Shall Live by Them
97
Conclusion
103
Zarfat
141
Traditional Manifestations
161
Manifestations of a Milieu
185
Singing in the Fire
211
Fire from Heaven
244
Shifting Paradigms
272
Bibliography
371
Index
409

Byzantine Burnt Offerings
119

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